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Most recent 20 results returned for keyword: osama bin laden death (Search this on MAP) Kathryn Marie St. Anthony : Thank you friend. Amen.
Thank you friend. Amen.
Full statement from al Qaeda on Osama bin Laden's death
Al Qaeda released a statement on jihadist forums confirming the death of its leader, Osama bin Laden, according to SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors militant messages. The statement was issued by the al Qaeda organiz...
19 hours ago - Via Google+ - View - Syed Hoque : I'm sure that Republican Presidential Hopeful Marco Rubio is aware and alarmed that Britain's Extreme...
I'm sure that Republican Presidential Hopeful Marco Rubio is aware and alarmed that Britain's Extreme, Evil, Communist Putin-Esque Gangster Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn has no credibility on tough Foreign Policy Decisions on Nuclear Weapons, ISIS, Iran or Russia. Britain's Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond correctly said Communist Gangster Jeremy Corbyn would embarrass Britain's allies on the World Stage to which I commend him for such strong words in the hope the Conservative Party will be in Government beyond 2020. Corbyn says Nuclear Weapons are WMDs. That is only if they're in the Wrong hands and are not used or improperly used. He also says Britain shouldn't Bomb ISIS in Syria which I find a completely stupid comment to say for a Labour Leader who want to be Britain's Next Prime Minister. He also called Osama bin Laden's death a Tragedy and compared the US Military to ISIS. When hearing the news on Osama bin Laden's Death I was pleased and All Americans were glad. Americans value their military as heroes and keeping them safe from international terrorists and rogue nations. Hearing all of this coming from an evil, hard-left communist gangster Opposition Leader should alarm all Republican and Democrat Presidential Candidates. Marco Rubio has made a commitment to arm and support Ukraine while levying further Sanctions on Vladimir Putin. Britain should also Arm and support Ukraine and impose tougher economic Sanctions on Russia. Jeremy Corbyn you're a gangster, and a crook! Jeremy Corbyn Go to Russia! You're unfit to be Britain's Next Prime Minister! Go to Communist Hell you Putin-Loving ISIS Supporting, Jew Hater!!!!! Screw You Jeremy Corbyn!!!!!!
Philip Hammond interview: 'Corbyn is an embarrassment to Britain on the world stage'
Philip Hammond warns that our allies are aghast at Labour for choosing Left-wing leader
1 day ago - Via Google+ - View - Kathryn Marie St. Anthony : We need to get to work or pay eternal ransoms for the untold cost. Amen. See these holy ones? How they...
We need to get to work or pay eternal ransoms for the untold cost. Amen.
See these holy ones? How they dress? See the pure desires for spouse and child? See Me here online alone? Same desire to instill? Denied a good mother to bestow anyone? Especially her own child from Russia? Who put forth effort for you to come to America? I did. I prayed for you. Longed for you. Told No. I battled for you anyway ever blaming myself for things that kept My Life from embracing your own in gentle secure measures these people know how to sustain. Jihad simply means the same thing. Willing to protect you with My Life given. No salaried hired hitman US employs. Ever. Most personal determination to grow a holy boy who can protect the right one himself to the point of removing an employed figure as security guard. That is no loving relationship. Right? Can you imagine having a president who is pro abortion one year sustaining his life enforced and then turning around and entering a presidency where that is made illegal through numbers counted? That's insanity determining who to follow put into very lethal hands.

More to follow...
I have a long walk and don't want to get lost in the dark forest. Happens to me once and boy never again. Slept under a tree a dozen yards from my encampment.

Osama bin Laden death confirmed in al-Qaida statement | World news | The Guardian

17 days ago - Via Google+ - View - Tes Ste : "the thing" Is Winning - off course - because they get weapons - from of yours country, GB or Israel...
"the thing" Is Winning
- off course
- because they get weapons
- from of yours country, GB or Israel
- but it will be very helpful if the russians breaking weapon line
- instantly is war over 

- no more refugees
- whole Syria new one allies

but Is forbidden from of USA-GB-IL-swis + france japan
- or the axis of evil on this planet
Bruce Hoffman is director of Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies and a senior fellow at the U.S. Military Academy’s Combating Terrorism Center. He was also a commissioner on the 9/11 Review Commission and a lead author of its report. His most recent books are The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat: From 9/11 to Osama bin Laden’s Death and Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947. -------------------------------------------------------------

- off course this is one contributor from of axis of evil country
- just look "stupid leaders" worldwide
- if is USA-GB somewhere in the war
- they targeting the first the media
- what is nice for one war
- because "they can not" more communicate with "each other"
- the war is since 2011
- and they still use facebook twiter google tv skype
- and anything what they want
- how can be that possible
- simply
- because USA-GB-Israel-Swiss + France-Japan
- supporting them
- there is not anyone other explanation possible
- what it mean
- axis of evil on the work against humanity
- just simply as that
- you must know how USA-GB-Israel made wars
- exactly on that one way
- but why they do not this time same
- not needed because they supporting them
- but probably this all is also against Turkey
- only the Japanese peoples have not anyone idea where it is about
- one example (for the stupidity)
- if you somewhere made war xyz place
- and you have there organized do not matter what
- you need new warriors
- because war continue on
- how to get new warriors if they do not know
- where is the safe line to entering xyz place
- and no
- on that one reason they leave them all that communication resources
- on that one reason they speaking anything against russians attempt
- to close weapon line
- which one country openly supporting anything anti Syrians
- and sends its planes against stable government
- o no that one man from Poland who has changed his name
- and is now the president premier who care from of country
- second range citizen who use know name religions etc etc
- at finally it is for them forbidden to be connected with that one country
- but they are just stupid peoples
- ja mislim da ste vi dovoljno dugo
- zloupotrebljivali jevreje i najeli se dovoljno njihovog kruha (hljeba)
- hajde sad lijepo se pokupite i idete u svoje zemlje u svoje očevine ili materinstva
- a kulturno Jevreje ostavite na miru
(samo što kazari nemaju ni zemlje ni države toliko pametni bijehu za sebe a tako su pametni i za jevreje)
- gdje je ovako
- zapamtite dobro i dobro
- da se nikada neće moći za nikada graditi hram
- dok vas ne vidim zadnjim u državi ili građanima drugog reda
- ili građanima onakvim koje se ta država hoće da riješi
- sve čini da ih makne istjera i tako dalje
- a kada ti čujem ime
- samo kažem
- uh gle ti isti kao i ja
- stranac u zemlji koji je promjenio ime
- ali što je to ono što tebi daje pravo da živiš ovdje
- a meni ga daje Bog
- why they do that one
- nobody will be ever know
- except the racism (hate against others nations)
20 days ago - Via Google+ - View - Wireless Army :

6 Secrets Allegedly Covered Up About Osama Bin Laden's Death
Legendary investigative journalist Seymour Hersh (1) is known for his many contributions to The New Yorker regarding military matters. He’s highly regarded
1 month ago - Via - View - NorthYorkshire Focus : Jeremy Corbyn isn’t alone in thinking that Osama bin Laden’s death was ‘a tragedy’ | Douglas Murray ...
Jeremy Corbyn isn’t alone in thinking that Osama bin Laden’s death was ‘a tragedy’ | Douglas Murray #skypapers #Marr
Jeremy Corbyn isn't alone in thinking that Osama bin Laden's death was 'a tragedy' - Spectator Blogs
The news that Jeremy Corbyn thought the death of Osama bin Laden ‘a tragedy‘ because he was never put on trial is not very surprising. Nor is it as far-out-there as… Continue reading
1 month ago - Via - View - Bonnie Soteropolis :

Frontrunner for Major British Party: Osama Bin Laden’s Death a ‘Tragedy’
Jeremy Corbyn, the frontrunner to be the next leader of Britain’s Labour Party and a socialist member of Parliament, once referred to the death of al Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden as a tragic event.
1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - john ford : HomeNational SecurityRussiaChinaDefenseIranIsraelNorth KoreaPoliticsDemocratic DonorsTom SteyerBarack...
HomeNational SecurityRussiaChinaDefenseIranIsraelNorth KoreaPoliticsDemocratic DonorsTom SteyerBarack ObamaHillary ClintonHarry ReidIssuesObamacareGun ControlGreen EnergyGovernment WasteUnionsCultureMovie ReviewsBook reviewsFeaturesHumorKate UptonMSNBCColumnsContinettiEditor’s BlogMen of the YearDemocracy Alliance

Washington Free Beacon

U.S. to Award Iran $11.9 Billion Through End of Nuke Talks

Another $490 million released on Tuesday under dealSHARETWEETEMAILHassan Rouhani / AP     BY: Adam Kredo  January 21, 2015 5:00 amThe Obama administration on Wednesday paid $490 million in cash assets to Iran and will have released a total of $11.9 billion to the Islamic Republic by the time nuclear talks are scheduled to end in June, according to figures provided by the State Department.Today’s $490 million release, the third such payment of this amount since Dec. 10, was agreed to by the Obama administration under the parameters of another extension in negotiations over Tehran’s contested nuclear program that was inked in November.Iran will receive a total of $4.9 billion in unfrozen cash assets via 10 separate payments by the United States through June 22, when talks with Iran are scheduled to end with a final agreement aimed at curbing the country’s nuclear work, according to a State Department official.Iran received $4.2 billion in similar payments under the 2013 interim agreement with the United States and was then given another $2.8 billion by the Obama administration last year in a bid to keep Iran committed to the talks through November, when negotiators parted ways without reaching an agreement.Iran will have received a total of $11.9 billion in cash assets by the end of June if current releases continue on pace as scheduled.The release of this money has drawn outrage from some Republican lawmakers who filed legislation last year to prevent the release of cash due to a lack of restrictions on how Iran can spend the money.These cash payments by the United States have been made with no strings attached, prompting concerns that Iran could use the funds to finance its worldwide terror operations, which include the financial backing of Hamas, Hezbollah, and other rogue entities.Senators—including Mark Kirk (R., Ill.), Kelly Ayotte (R., N.H.), and John Cornyn (R., Texas)—sought last year to put a hold on the cash infusions until the White House could certify that Iran was not using the money to support terrorism.Kirk, who is preparing to offer legislation that would tighten sanctions on Iran, said that the ongoing payments could help Iran fuel its terror empire well into the near future.“Between November 2014 and July 2015, the interim deal’s direct forms of sanctions relief will allow Iran access to roughly $4.9 billion in frozen money,” Kirk told the Washington Free Beacon “That’s equal to what it’d cost Iran to fund Hezbollah for as much as 50 years.”The Pentagon estimates Iran has spent $100 to $200 million per year funding Hezbollah.Entities likely to receive support from Iran include the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and the regime of President Bashar al-Assad of Syria, the legislation suggests.When final negotiations between the United States and Iran failed in November, negotiators decided once more to extend the talks through June of this year. The terms of that extension granted Iran the 10 payments of $490 million, a State Department official said.“With respect to sanctions relief, the United States will enable the repatriation of $4.9 billion of Iranian revenue held abroad during the extension,” the official said.The first two payments were made in December, followed by Wednesday’s payment.The next release is scheduled for Feb. 11, with two more scheduled for March. The rest of the frozen cash assets will be given back to Iran on April 15, May 6, May 27, and June 22, respectively.Mark Dubowitz, the executive director of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD), said the ongoing release of these assets has provided Iran with a critical “financial lifeline.”“The Obama administration provided Iran with a financial lifeline through both direct sanctions relief and the de-escalation of sanctions pressure that helped the regime stabilize its economy after a severe sanctions-induced economic crisis in 2012 and 2013,” Dubowitz said. “It is not a surprise that this has increased Iranian negotiating leverage and hardened the supreme leader’s nuclear intransigence.”In addition to decrying the lack of restrictions in place to ensure that Iran does not use the released funds to sponsor terrorism, critics of the sanctions relief protest that Iran is benefitting while the United States receives little in return.Iran has continued to enrich uranium under the interim deal, adding what one critic, Rep. Brad Sherman (D., Calif.) referred to as “about one bomb’s worth” to its reserves.Iran also has continued to make advances on the plutonium track, which provides it with a second path to a nuclear bomb.President Hassan Rouhani of Iran announced last week that the country has begun constructing two new light water nuclear reactors, a move that the U.S. State Department said is permissible under the terms of the interim agreement.This entry was posted in National Security and tagged Iran, Nuclear Weapons, Sanctions. Bookmark the permalink.SHARETWEETEMAILDiplomacy at work with respect to Iran - ObamaReuters00:00 / 01:20Adam Kredo   Email Adam | Full Bio| RSSAdam Kredo is senior writer for theWashington Free Beacon. Formerly an award-winning political reporter for theWashington Jewish Week, where he frequently broke national news, Kredo’s work has been featured in outlets such as the Jerusalem Post, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, and Politico, among others. He lives in Maryland with his comic books. His Twitter handle is @Kredo0. His email address is TaboolaSponsored LinksFROM THE WEB

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Washington Free Beacon


1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - FORTESQUE THERAPGORD : Osama bin Laden "Bin Laden" and "Osama" redirect here. For other uses, see Bin Laden (disambiguation...
Osama bin Laden
"Bin Laden" and "Osama" redirect here. For other uses, see Bin Laden (disambiguation), Osama (disambiguation), and Osama bin Laden (disambiguation).
This is an Arabic name; the family name is bin Laden.
Osama bin Laden
أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن

Born Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden
March 10, 1957
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Died May 2, 2011 (aged 54)
Abbottabad, Pakistan
Nationality Saudi Arabian (1957–1994)
Stateless (1994–2011)[1]
Religion Islam (Salafism/Qutbism)[2][3]
Children 20
Military career
 Maktab al-Khidamat (1984–1988)

 Al-Qaeda (1988–2011)
Years of service 1984–May 2, 2011
Rank Emir of the Al-Qaeda
Soviet War

Battle of Jaji
Global War on Terrorism

War in Afghanistan
Battle of Tora Bora
War in North-West Pakistan
Operation Neptune Spear †
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (/oʊˈsɑːmə bɪn moʊˈhɑːmɨd bɪn əˈwɑːd bɪn ˈlɑːdən/; Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن‎, usāmah bin muḥammad bin 'awaḍ bin lādin; March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.[4][5][6] He was a Saudi Arabian, a member of the wealthy bin Laden family, and an ethnic Yemeni Kindite.[7]

Bin Laden was born to the family of billionaire Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden in Saudi Arabia. He studied at university in the country until 1979, when he joined mujahideen forces in Pakistan fighting against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. He helped to fund the mujahideen by funneling arms, money and fighters from the Arab world into Afghanistan, and gained popularity among many Arabs.[8] In 1988, he formed al-Qaeda.[9] He was banished from Saudi Arabia in 1992, and shifted his base to Sudan, until U.S. pressure forced him to leave Sudan in 1996. After establishing a new base in Afghanistan, he declared a war against the United States, initiating a series of bombings and related attacks.[10] Bin Laden was on the American Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) lists of Ten Most Wanted Fugitives and Most Wanted Terrorists for his involvement in the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings.[11][12][13]

From 2001 to 2011, bin Laden was a major target of the War on Terror, as the FBI placed a $25 million bounty on him in their search for him.[14] On May 2, 2011, bin Laden was shot and killed[15] inside a private residential compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, during a covert operation conducted by members of the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group and Central Intelligence Agency SAD/SOG operators on the orders of U.S. President Barack Obama.[16]

Early life and education
Personal life
Beliefs and ideology
Militant activity
Mujahideen in Afghanistan
Formation and structuring of al-Qaeda
Sudan and return to Afghanistan
Early attacks and aid for attacks
Yugoslav wars
September 11 attacks
Criminal charges
Pursuit by the United States
Clinton administration
Bush administration
Obama administration
Activities and whereabouts after the September 11 attacks
Whereabouts just prior to his death
Allegations of Pakistani protection of bin Laden
See also
Further reading
External links

Further information: Romanization of Arabic
There is no universally accepted standard for transliterating Arabic words and Arabic names into English;[17] however, bin Laden's name is most frequently rendered "Osama bin Laden". The FBI and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), as well as other U.S. governmental agencies, have used either "Usama bin Laden" or "Usama bin Ladin". Less common renderings include "Ussamah bin Ladin" and, in the French-language media, "Oussama ben Laden". Other spellings include "Binladen" or, as used by his family in the West, "Binladin". The decapitalization of bin is based on the convention of leaving short prepositions, articles, and patronymics uncapitalized in surnames; the nasab bin means "son of". The spellings with o and e come from a Persian-influenced pronunciation also used in Afghanistan, where bin Laden spent many years.

Osama bin Laden's full name, Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, means "Osama, son of Mohammed, son of Awad, son of Laden". "Mohammed" refers to bin Laden's father Mohammed bin Laden; "Awad" refers to his grandfather, Awad bin Aboud bin Laden, a Kindite Hadhrami tribesman; "Laden" refers not to bin Laden's great-grandfather, who was named Aboud, but to a more distant ancestor.

The Arabic linguistic convention would be to refer to him as "Osama" or "Osama bin Laden", not "bin Laden" alone, as "bin Laden" is a patronymic, not a surname in the Western manner. According to bin Laden's son Omar bin Laden, the family's hereditary surname is "al-Qahtani" (Arabic: القحطاني‎, āl-Qaḥṭānī), but bin Laden's father Mohammed bin Laden never officially registered the name.[18]

Osama bin Laden had also assumed the kunyah "Abū 'Abdāllāh" ("father of Abdallah"). His admirers have referred to him by several nicknames, including the "Prince" or "Emir" (الأمير, al-Amīr), the "Sheik" (الشيخ, aš-Šaykh), the "Jihadist Sheik" or "Sheik al-Mujahid" (شيخ المجاهد, Šaykh al-Mujāhid), "Hajj" (حج, Ḥajj), and the "Director".[19] The word usāmah (أسامة) means "lion",[20] earning him the nicknames "Lion" and "Lion Sheik".[21]

Early life and education

Main article: Personal life of Osama bin Laden
See also: Bin Laden family
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden[22] was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, a son of Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, a billionaire construction magnate with close ties to the Saudi royal family,[23] and Mohammed bin Laden's tenth wife, Hamida al-Attas (then called Alia Ghanem).[24] In a 1998 interview, bin Laden gave his birth date as March 10, 1957.[25]

Mohammed bin Laden divorced Hamida soon after Osama bin Laden was born. Mohammed recommended Hamida to Mohammed al-Attas, an associate. Al-Attas married Hamida in the late 1950s or early 1960s, and they are still together.[26] The couple had four children, and bin Laden lived in the new household with three half-brothers and one half-sister.[24] The bin Laden family made $5 billion in the construction industry, of which Osama later inherited around $25–30 million.[27]

Bin Laden was raised as a devout Sunni Muslim.[28] From 1968 to 1976, he attended the élite secular Al-Thager Model School.[24][29] He studied economics and business administration[30] at King Abdulaziz University. Some reports suggest he earned a degree in civil engineering in 1979,[31] or a degree in public administration in 1981.[32] One source described him as "hard working";[33] another said he left university during his third year without completing a college degree.[34] At university, bin Laden's main interest was religion, where he was involved in both "interpreting the Quran and jihad" and charitable work.[35] Other interests included writing poetry;[36] reading, with the works of Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and Charles de Gaulle said to be among his favorites; black stallions; and association football, in which he enjoyed playing at centre forward and followed the English club Arsenal F.C.[37]

Personal life

In 1974, at the age of 17, bin Laden married Najwa Ghanem at Latakia, Syria;[38] they were separated before September 11, 2001. Bin Laden's other known wives were Khadijah Sharif (married 1983, divorced 1990s); Khairiah Sabar (married 1985); Siham Sabar (married 1987); and Amal al-Sadah (married 2000). Some sources also list a sixth wife, name unknown, whose marriage to bin Laden was annulled soon after the ceremony.[39] Bin Laden fathered between 20 and 26 children with his wives.[40][41] Many of bin Laden's children fled to Iran following the September 11 attacks and as of 2010, Iranian authorities reportedly continue to control their movements.[42]

Nasser al-Bahri, who was bin Laden's personal bodyguard from 1997–2001, details bin Laden's personal life in his memoir. He describes him as a frugal man and strict father, who enjoyed taking his large family on shooting trips and picnics in the desert.[43]

Bin Laden's father Mohammed died in 1967 in an airplane crash in Saudi Arabia when his American pilot misjudged a landing.[44] Bin Laden's eldest half-brother, Salem bin Laden, the subsequent head of the bin Laden family, was killed in 1988 near San Antonio, Texas, in the United States, when he accidentally flew a plane into power lines.[45][citation needed]

The FBI described bin Laden as an adult as tall and thin, between 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) and 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in) in height and weighing about 73 kilograms (160 lb). Bin Laden had an olive complexion and was left-handed, usually walking with a cane. He wore a plain white turban and he had stopped wearing the traditional Saudi male headdress.[46] Bin Laden was described as soft-spoken and mild-mannered in demeanor.[47]

Beliefs and ideology

Main article: Beliefs and ideology of Osama bin Laden
A major component of bin Laden's ideology was the concept that civilians from enemy countries, including women and children, were legitimate targets for jihadists to kill.[48][49] According to former CIA analyst Michael Scheuer, who led the CIA's hunt for Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda leader was motivated by a belief that U.S. foreign policy has oppressed, killed, or otherwise harmed Muslims in the Middle East,[50] condensed in the phrase, "They hate us for what we do, not who we are." Nonetheless, bin Laden criticized the U.S. for its secular form of governance, calling upon Americans to convert to Islam and "reject the immoral acts of fornication, homosexuality, intoxicants, gambling, and usury", in a letter published in late 2002.[51] His vocal criticism of Western government and society, and his claims that they were dominated by Jews, earned him respect from various sectors of the Euro-American far right.[52]

Bin Laden believed that the Islamic world was in crisis and that the complete restoration of Sharia law would be the only way to "set things right" in the Muslim world. He opposed such alternatives such as secular government,[51] as well as "pan-Arabism, socialism, communism, democracy."[53]

These beliefs, in conjunction with violent jihad, has sometimes been called Qutbism after being promoted by Sayyid Qutb.[54] Bin Laden believed that Afghanistan, under the rule of Mullah Omar's Taliban, was "the only Islamic country" in the Muslim world.[55] Bin Laden consistently dwelt on the need for violent jihad to right what he believed were injustices against Muslims perpetrated by the United States and sometimes by other non-Muslim states.[56] He also called for the elimination of the Israeli state, and called upon the United States to withdraw all of its civilians and military personnel from the Middle East, as well as from every Islamic country of the world.

His viewpoints and methods of achieving them had led to him being designated as a terrorist by scholars,[57][58] journalists from The New York Times,[59][60] the BBC,[61] and Qatari news station Al Jazeera,[62] analysts such as Peter Bergen,[63] Michael Scheuer,[64] Marc Sageman,[65] and Bruce Hoffman.[66][67] He was indicted on terrorism charges by law enforcement agencies in Madrid, New York City, and Tripoli.[68]

Bin Laden was heavily anti-Semitic, stating that most of the negative events that occurred in the world were the direct result of Jewish actions. In a December 1998 interview with Pakistani journalist Rahimullah Yusufzai, bin Laden stated that Operation Desert Fox was proof that Israeli Jews controlled the governments of the United States and United Kingdom, directing them to kill as many Muslims as they could.[69] In a letter released in late 2002, he stated that Jews controlled the civilian media outlets, politics, and economic institutions of the United States.[51] In a May 1998 interview with ABC's John Miller, bin Laden stated that the Israeli state's ultimate goal was to annex the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East into its territory and enslave its peoples, as part of what he called a "Greater Israel".[70] He stated that Jews and Muslims could never get along and that war was "inevitable" between them, and further accused the U.S. of stirring up anti-Islamic sentiment.[70] He claimed that the U.S. State Department and U.S. Department of Defense were controlled by Jews, for the sole purpose of serving the Israeli state's goals.[70] He often delivered warnings against alleged Jewish conspiracies: "These Jews are masters of usury and leaders in treachery. They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next."[71] Shia Muslims have been listed along with "heretics, [...] America, and Israel" as the four principal "enemies of Islam" at ideology classes of bin Laden's al-Qaeda organization.[72]

Bin Laden was to opposed music on religious grounds,[73] and his attitude towards technology was mixed. He was interested in "earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants" on the one hand, but rejected "chilled water" on the other.[74]

Bin Laden's overall strategy for achieving his goals against much larger enemies such as the Soviet Union and United States was to lure them into a long war of attrition in Muslim countries, attracting large numbers of jihadists who would never surrender. He believed this would lead to economic collapse of the enemy countries, by "bleeding" them dry.[75] Indeed, al-Qaeda manuals clearly express this strategy. In a 2004 tape broadcast by al-Jazeera, bin Laden spoke of "bleeding America to the point of bankruptcy".[76]

Militant activity

Main article: Militant activity of Osama bin Laden
See also: CIA–al-Qaeda controversy
Mujahideen in Afghanistan
After leaving college in 1979, bin Laden went to Pakistan, joined Abdullah Azzam and used money and machinery from his own construction company to help the mujahideen resistance in the Soviet war in Afghanistan.[77] He later told a journalist: "I felt outraged that an injustice had been committed against the people of Afghanistan."[78] Under Operation Cyclone from 1979 to 1989, the United States provided financial aid and weapons to the mujahideen through Pakistan's ISI. Bin Laden met and built relations with Hamid Gul, who was a three-star general in the Pakistani army and head of the ISI agency. Although the United States provided the money and weapons, the training of militant groups was entirely done by the Pakistani Armed Forces and the ISI.

By 1984, bin Laden and Azzam established Maktab al-Khidamat, which funneled money, arms and fighters from around the Arab world into Afghanistan. Through al-Khadamat, bin Laden's inherited family fortune[79] paid for air tickets and accommodation, paid for paperwork with Pakistani authorities and provided other such services for the jihadi fighters. Bin Laden established camps inside Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan and trained volunteers from across the Muslim world to fight against the Soviet puppet regime, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan; he would also participate in some combat activity, such as the Battle of Jaji. It was during this time that he became idolised by many Arabs.[8]

Formation and structuring of al-Qaeda
Main article: Al-Qaeda
By 1988, bin Laden had split from Maktab al-Khidamat. While Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, bin Laden wanted a more military role. One of the main points leading to the split and the creation of al-Qaeda was Azzam's insistence that Arab fighters be integrated among the Afghan fighting groups instead of forming a separate fighting force.[80] Notes of a meeting of bin Laden and others on August 20, 1988 indicate that al-Qaeda was a formal group by that time: "Basically an organized Islamic faction, its goal is to lift the word of God, to make his religion victorious." A list of requirements for membership itemized the following: listening ability, good manners, obedience, and making a pledge (bayat) to follow one's superiors.[81]

According to Wright, the group's real name was not used in public pronouncements because "its existence was still a closely held secret".[82] His research suggests that al-Qaeda was formed at an August 11, 1988, meeting between "several senior leaders" of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Abdullah Azzam, and bin Laden, where it was agreed to join bin Laden's money with the expertise of the Islamic Jihad organization and take up the jihadist cause elsewhere after the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan.[83] Following the Soviet Union's withdrawal from Afghanistan in February 1989, Osama bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1990 as a hero of jihad. Along with his Arab legion, he was thought to have "brought down the mighty superpower" of the Soviet Union.[84] He was angered by the internecine tribal fighting among the Afghans.[85]

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait under Saddam Hussein on August 2, 1990, put the Saudi kingdom and the royal family at risk. With Iraqi forces on the Saudi border, Saddam's appeal to pan-Arabism was potentially inciting internal dissent. Bin Laden met with King Fahd, and Saudi Defense Minister Sultan, telling them not to depend on non-Muslim assistance from the United States and others, and offering to help defend Saudi Arabia with his Arab legion. Bin Laden's offer was rebuffed, and the Saudi monarchy invited the deployment of U.S. forces in Saudi territory.[86] Bin Laden publicly denounced Saudi dependence on the U.S. military, arguing the two holiest shrines of Islam, Mecca and Medina, the cities in which the Prophet Mohamed received and recited Allah's message, should only be defended by Muslims. Bin Laden's criticism of the Saudi monarchy led them to try to silence him. The U.S. 82nd Airborne Division landed in north-eastern Saudi city of Dhahran and was deployed in the desert barely 400 miles from Medina.[85]

Meanwhile, on November 8, 1990, the FBI raided the New Jersey home of El Sayyid Nosair, an associate of al-Qaeda operative Ali Mohamed. They discovered copious evidence of terrorist plots, including plans to blow up New York City skyscrapers. This marked the earliest discovery of al-Qaeda terrorist plans outside of Muslim countries.[87] Nosair was eventually convicted in connection to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, and later admitted guilt for the murder of Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York City on November 5, 1990.

Bin Laden continued to speak publicly against the Saudi government, for which the Saudis banished him. In 1992 he went to live in exile in Sudan, in a deal brokered by Ali Mohamed.[88]

Bin Laden's personal security detail consisted of "bodyguards...personally selected by him." Their "arsenal included SAM-7 and Stinger missiles, AK-47s, RPGs, and PK machine guns (similar to an M60)."[89]

Sudan and return to Afghanistan
In Sudan, bin Laden established a new base for mujahideen operations in Khartoum. He bought a house on Al-Mashtal Street in the affluent Al-Riyadh quarter and a retreat at Soba on the Blue Nile.[90][91] During his time in Sudan, he heavily invested in the infrastructure, in agriculture and businesses. He was the Sudan agent for the British firm Hunting Surveys,[92] and built roads using the same bulldozers he had employed to construct mountain tracks in Afghanistan. Many of his labourers were the same fighters who had been his comrades in the war against the Soviet Union. He was generous to the poor and popular with the people.[93][94] He continued to criticize King Fahd of Saudi Arabia. In response, in 1994 Fahd stripped bin Laden of his Saudi citizenship and persuaded his family to cut off his $7 million a year stipend.[1][95]

By that time, bin Laden was being linked with Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), which made up the core of al-Qaeda. In 1995 the EIJ attempted to assassinate the Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The attempt failed, and Sudan expelled the EIJ.

The U.S. State Department accused Sudan of being a "sponsor of international terrorism" and bin Laden of operating "terrorist training camps in the Sudanese desert". According to Sudan officials, however, this stance became obsolete as the Islamist political leader Hassan al-Turabi lost influence in their country. The Sudanese wanted to engage with the U.S. but American officials refused to meet with them even after they had expelled bin Laden. It was not until 2000 that the State Department authorized U.S. intelligence officials to visit Sudan.[92]

The 9/11 Commission Report states:

In late 1995, when Bin Laden was still in Sudan, the State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) learned that Sudanese officials were discussing with the Saudi government the possibility of expelling Bin Laden. CIA paramilitary officer Billy Waugh tracked down Bin Ladin in Sudan and prepared an operation to apprehend him, but was denied authorization.[96] U.S. Ambassador Timothy Carney encouraged the Sudanese to pursue this course. The Saudis, however, did not want Bin Laden, giving as their reason their revocation of his citizenship. Sudan's minister of defense, Fatih Erwa, has claimed that Sudan offered to hand Bin Laden over to the United States. The Commission has found no credible evidence that this was so. Ambassador Carney had instructions only to push the Sudanese to expel Bin Laden. Ambassador Carney had no legal basis to ask for more from the Sudanese since, at the time, there was no indictment outstanding against bin Laden in any country.[97]

The 9/11 Commission Report further states:

In February 1996, Sudanese officials began approaching officials from the United States and other governments, asking what actions of theirs might ease foreign pressure. In secret meetings with Saudi officials, Sudan offered to expel Bin Laden to Saudi Arabia and asked the Saudis to pardon him. U.S. officials became aware of these secret discussions, certainly by March. Saudi officials apparently wanted Bin Laden expelled from Sudan. They had already revoked his citizenship, however, and would not tolerate his presence in their country. Also Bin Laden may have no longer felt safe in Sudan, where he had already escaped at least one assassination attempt that he believed to have been the work of the Egyptian or Saudi regimes, and paid for by the CIA.

Due to the increasing pressure on Sudan from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the United States, bin Laden was permitted to leave for a country of his choice. He chose to return to Jalalabad, Afghanistan aboard a chartered flight on May 18, 1996; there he forged a close relationship with Mullah Mohammed Omar.[98][99] According to the 9/11 Commission, the expulsion from Sudan significantly weakened bin Laden and his organization.[100] Some African intelligence sources have argued that the expulsion left bin Laden without an option other than becoming a full-time radical, and that most of the 300 Afghan Arabs who left with him subsequently became terrorists.[92] Various sources report that bin Laden lost between $20 million[101] and $300 million[102] in Sudan; the government seized his construction equipment, and bin Laden was forced to liquidate his businesses, land, and even his horses.

In August 1996, bin Laden declared war against the United States.[103] Despite the assurance of President George H.W. Bush to King Fahd in 1990, that all U.S. forces based in Saudi Arabia would be withdrawn once the Iraqi threat had been dealt with, by 1996 the Americans were still there. Bush cited the necessity of dealing with the remnants of Saddam's regime (which Bush had chosen not to destroy). Bin Laden's view was that "the 'evils' of the Middle East arose from America's attempt to take over the region and from its support for Israel. Saudi Arabia had been turned into 'an American colony".[10]

He issued a fatwā against the United States, which was first published in Al Quds Al Arabi, a London-based newspaper. It was entitled "Declaration of War against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places."[104] Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "The Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. The reference to "occupation" in the fatwā referred to US forces based in Saudi Arabia for the purpose of controlling air space in Iraq, known as Operation Southern Watch.

In Afghanistan, bin Laden and al-Qaeda raised money from "donors from the days of the Soviet jihad", and from the Pakistani ISI to establish more training camps for Mujahideen fighters.[105] Bin Laden effectively took over Ariana Afghan Airlines, which ferried Islamic militants, arms, cash and opium through the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, as well as provided false identifications to members of bin Laden's terrorist network.[106] The arms smuggler Viktor Bout helped to run the airline, maintaining planes and loading cargo. Michael Scheuer, head of the CIA's bin Laden unit, concluded that Ariana was being used as a "terrorist taxi service".[107]

Early attacks and aid for attacks
It is believed that the first bombing attack involving bin Laden was the December 29, 1992, bombing of the Gold Mihor Hotel in Aden in which two people were killed.[108]

Pakistani journalist Hamid Mir interviewing Osama bin Laden in Kabul in 1997. The AKS-74U in the background is a symbol of the mujadin's victory over the Soviets, since these weapons were captured from Spetznaz forces.
It was after this bombing that al-Qaeda was reported to have developed its justification for the killing of innocent people. According to a fatwa issued by Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, the killing of someone standing near the enemy is justified because any innocent bystander will find a proper reward in death, going to Jannah (Paradise) if they were good Muslims and to Jahannam (hell) if they were bad or non-believers.[109] The fatwa was issued to al-Qaeda members but not the general public.

In the 1990s, bin Laden's al-Qaeda assisted jihadis financially and sometimes militarily in Algeria, Egypt and Afghanistan. In 1992 or 1993 bin Laden sent an emissary, Qari el-Said, with $40,000 to Algeria to aid the Islamists and urge war rather than negotiation with the government. Their advice was heeded. The war that followed caused the deaths of 150,000–200,000 Algerians and ended with the Islamist surrender to the government.

It has been claimed that bin Laden funded the Luxor massacre of November 17, 1997,[110][111][112] which killed 62 civilians, and outraged the Egyptian public. In mid-1997, the Northern Alliance threatened to overrun Jalalabad, causing bin Laden to abandon his Najim Jihad compound and move his operations to Tarnak Farms in the south.[113]

Another successful attack was carried out in the city of Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan. Bin Laden helped cement his alliance with the Taliban by sending several hundred Afghan Arab fighters along to help the Taliban kill between five and six thousand Hazaras overrunning the city.[114]

In February 1998, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri co-signed a fatwa in the name of the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders, which declared the killing of North Americans and their allies an "individual duty for every Muslim" to "liberate the al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem) and the holy mosque (in Mecca) from their grip".[115][116] At the public announcement of the fatwa bin Laden announced that North Americans are "very easy targets". He told the attending journalists, "You will see the results of this in a very short time."[117]

Bin Laden and Al-Zawahiri organized an al-Qaeda congress on June 24, 1998.[118] The 1998 U.S. Embassy bombings were a series of attacks that occurred on August 7, 1998, in which hundreds of people were killed in simultaneous truck bomb explosions at the United States embassies in the major East African cities of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya. The attacks were linked to local members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, brought Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri to the attention of the United States public for the first time, and resulted in the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation placing bin Laden on its Ten Most Wanted list.

In December 1998, the Director of Central Intelligence Counterterrorist Center reported to President Bill Clinton that al-Qaeda was preparing for attacks in the United States of America, including the training of personnel to hijack aircraft.[119] At the end of 2000, Richard Clarke revealed that Islamic militants headed by bin Laden had planned a triple attack on January 3, 2000 which would have included bombings in Jordan of the Radisson SAS Hotel in Amman and tourists at Mount Nebo and a site on the Jordan River, the sinking of the destroyer USS The Sullivans (DDG-68) in Yemen, as well as an attack on a target within the United States. The plan was foiled by the arrest of the Jordanian terrorist cell, the sinking of the explosive-filled skiff intended to target the destroyer, and the arrest of Ahmed Ressam.[120]

Yugoslav wars
See also: Bosnian mujahideen
A former U.S. State Department official in October 2001 described Bosnia and Herzegovina as a safe haven for terrorists, and asserted that militant elements of the former Sarajevo government were protecting extremists, some with ties to Osama bin Laden.[121] In 1997, Rzeczpospolita, one of the largest Polish daily newspapers, had reported that intelligence services of the Nordic-Polish SFOR Brigade suspected that a center for training terrorists from Islamic countries was located in the Bocina Donja village near Maglaj in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1992, hundreds of volunteers joined an "all-mujahedeen unit" called El Moujahed in an abandoned hillside factory, a compound with a hospital and prayer hall.

According to Middle East intelligence reports, bin Laden financed small convoys of recruits from the Arab world through his businesses in Sudan. Among them was Karim Said Atmani, who was identified by authorities as the document forger for a group of Algerians accused of plotting the bombings in the United States.[122] He is a former roommate of Ahmed Ressam, the man arrested at the Canadian-U.S. border in mid-December 1999 with a car full of nitroglycerin and bomb-making materials.[123][124] He was convicted of colluding with Osama bin Laden by a French court.[125]

A Bosnian government search of passport and residency records, conducted at the urging of the United States, revealed other former mujahideen who were linked to the same Algerian group or to other groups of suspected terrorists, and had lived in the area 100 km (60 mi) north of Sarajevo, the capital, in the past few years. Khalil al-Deek was arrested in Jordan in late December 1999 on suspicion of involvement in a plot to blow up tourist sites. A second man with Bosnian citizenship, Hamid Aich, lived in Canada at the same time as Atmani and worked for a charity associated with Osama bin Laden. In its June 26, 1997, report on the bombing of the Al Khobar building in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, The New York Times noted that those arrested confessed to serving with Bosnian Muslims forces. Further, the captured men also admitted to ties with Osama bin Laden.[126][127]

In 1999 the press reported that bin Laden and his Tunisian assistant Mehrez Aodouni were granted citizenship and Bosnian passports in 1993 by the government in Sarajevo. This information was denied by the Bosnian government following the September 11 attacks, but it was later found that Aodouni was arrested in Turkey and that at that time he possessed the Bosnian passport. Following this revelation, a new explanation was given that bin Laden "did not personally collect his Bosnian passport" and that officials at the Bosnian embassy in Vienna, which issued the passport, could not have known who bin Laden was at the time.[126][127] The Bosnian daily Oslobođenje published in 2001 that three men, believed to be linked to bin Laden, were arrested in Sarajevo in July 2001. The three, one of whom was identified as Imad El Misri, were Egyptian nationals. The paper said that two of the suspects were holding Bosnian passports.

By 1998 four members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) were arrested in Albania and extradited to Egypt.[128]

During his trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, former Serbian President Slobodan Milošević presented FBI documents that verified bin Laden's al-Qaeda had a presence in the Balkans and aided the Kosovo Liberation Army. The U.S. State Department had identified this as a terrorist organization shortly before the 1998 embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya. Milošević had argued that the United States aided the terrorists, which culminated in its backing of the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War.[129]

September 11 attacks
See also: September 11 attacks and Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden
"God knows it did not cross our minds to attack the Towers, but after the situation became unbearable—and we witnessed the injustice and tyranny of the American-Israeli alliance against our people in Palestine and Lebanon—I thought about it. And the events that affected me directly were that of 1982 and the events that followed—when America allowed the Israelis to invade Lebanon, helped by the U.S. Sixth Fleet. As I watched the destroyed towers in Lebanon, it occurred to me punish the unjust the same way: to destroy towers in America so it could taste some of what we are tasting and to stop killing our children and women."
— Osama bin Laden, 2004[130]

United Airlines Flight 175 crashes into the south tower
After his initial denial,[131][132][full citation needed] Osama bin Laden in 2004 finally claimed responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States.[133][134][135] The attacks involved the hijacking of four commercial passenger aircraft – United Airlines Flight 93, United Airlines Flight 175, American Airlines Flight 11, and American Airlines Flight 77 – and flying two into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, and the third into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, destroying the former, and severely damaging the latter, while the fourth, either intended to target the U.S. Capitol or the White House,[136] crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, with no survivors.[137] A total of 2,996 people died in the attacks, including 2,192 civilians, 71 law enforcement officers, and 343 firefighters who were in the World Trade Center and in the surrounding area; 70 civilians and 55 military personnel who were in the Pentagon; and 245 civilians, a law enforcement officer, and the nineteen hijackers aboard the four airliners.[138][139] In response to the attacks, the United States launched the War on Terror to depose the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and capture al-Qaeda operatives, and several countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation to preclude future attacks. The CIA's Special Activities Division was given the lead in tracking down and killing or capturing bin Laden.[140] The Federal Bureau of Investigation has stated that classified[141] evidence linking al-Qaeda and bin Laden to the September 11 attacks is clear and irrefutable.[142] The UK Government reached a similar conclusion regarding al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden's culpability for the September 11 attacks, although the government report noted that the evidence presented is not necessarily sufficient to prosecute the case.[143]

Bin Laden initially denied involvement in the attacks. On September 16, 2001, bin Laden read a statement later broadcast by Qatar's Al Jazeera satellite channel denying responsibility for the attack.[144] In a videotape recovered by U.S. forces in November 2001 in Jalalabad, bin Laden was seen discussing the attack with Khaled al-Harbi in a way that indicates foreknowledge.[145] The tape was broadcast on various news networks on December 13, 2001. The merits of this translation have been disputed. Arabist Dr. Abdel El M. Husseini stated: "This translation is very problematic. At the most important places where it is held to prove the guilt of bin Laden, it is not identical with the Arabic."[146]

2001 video of bin Laden
In the 2004 Osama bin Laden video, bin Laden abandoned his denials without retracting past statements. In it he said he had personally directed the nineteen hijackers.[134][147] In the 18-minute tape, played on Al-Jazeera, four days before the American presidential election, bin Laden accused U.S. President George W. Bush of negligence in the hijacking of the planes on September 11.[134] According to the tapes, bin Laden claimed he was inspired to destroy the World Trade Center after watching the destruction of towers in Lebanon by Israel during the 1982 Lebanon War.[148]

Through two other tapes aired by Al Jazeera in 2006, Osama bin Laden announced, "I am the one in charge of the nineteen brothers. [...] I was responsible for entrusting the nineteen brothers [...] with the raids" (May 23, 2006).[149] In the tapes he was seen with Ramzi bin al-Shibh, as well as two of the 9/11 hijackers, Hamza al-Ghamdi and Wail al-Shehri, as they made preparations for the attacks (videotape broadcast September 7, 2006).[150] Identified motivations of the September 11 attacks include the support of Israel by the United States, presence of the U.S. military in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the U.S. enforcement of sanctions against Iraq.

Criminal charges

On March 16, 1998, Libya issued the first official Interpol arrest warrant against bin Laden and three other people. They were charged for killing Silvan Becker, agent of Germany's domestic intelligence service, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, in the Terrorism Department, and his wife Vera in Libya on March 10, 1994.[68][151] Bin Laden was still wanted by the Libyan government at the time of his death.[152][153] Osama bin Laden was first indicted by a grand jury of the United States on June 8, 1998 on a charges of "conspiracy to attack defense utilities of the United States" and prosecutors further charged that bin Laden was the head of the terrorist organization called al-Qaeda, and that he was a major financial backer of Islamic fighters worldwide.[154] On November 4, 1998, Osama bin Laden was indicted by a Federal Grand Jury in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on charges of Murder of U.S. Nationals Outside the United States, Conspiracy to Murder U.S. Nationals Outside the United States, and Attacks on a Federal Facility Resulting in Death[155] for his alleged role in the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. The evidence against bin Laden included courtroom testimony by former al-Qaeda members and satellite phone records, from a phone purchased for him by al-Qaeda procurement agent Ziyad Khaleel in the United States.[156][157] However the Taliban ruled not to extradite Bin Laden on the grounds that there was insufficient evidence published in the indictments and that non-Muslim courts lacked standing to try Muslims.[158]

Bin Laden became the 456th person listed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, when he was added on June 7, 1999, following his indictment along with others for capital crimes in the 1998 embassy attacks. Attempts at assassination and requests for the extradition of bin Laden from the Taliban of Afghanistan were met with failure prior to the bombing of Afghanistan in October 2001.[159] In 1999, U.S. President Bill Clinton convinced the United Nations to impose sanctions against Afghanistan in an attempt to force the Taliban to extradite him.[160]

Years later, on October 10, 2001, bin Laden appeared as well on the initial list of the top 22 FBI Most Wanted Terrorists, which was released to the public by the President of the United States George W. Bush, in direct response to the September 11 attacks, but which was again based on the indictment for the 1998 embassy attack. Bin Laden was among a group of thirteen fugitive terrorists wanted on that latter list for questioning about the 1998 embassy bombings. Bin Laden remains the only fugitive ever to be listed on both FBI fugitive lists.

Despite the multiple indictments listed above and multiple requests, the Taliban refused to extradite Osama bin Laden. They did however offer to try him before an Islamic court if evidence of Osama bin Laden's involvement in the September 11 attacks was provided. It was not until eight days after the bombing of Afghanistan began in October 2001 that the Taliban finally did offer to turn over Osama bin Laden to a third-party country for trial in return for the United States ending the bombing. This offer was rejected by President Bush stating that this was no longer negotiable, with Bush responding "there's no need to discuss innocence or guilt. We know he's guilty."[161]

On June 15, 2011, federal prosecutors of the United States of America officially dropped all criminal charges against Osama bin Laden following his death in May.[162]

Pursuit by the United States

U.S. propaganda leaflet used in Afghanistan, with bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri
Clinton administration
Capturing Osama bin Laden had been an objective of the United States government since the presidency of Bill Clinton.[163] Shortly after the September 11 attacks it was revealed that President Clinton had signed a directive authorizing the CIA (and specifically their elite Special Activities Division) to apprehend bin Laden and bring him to the United States to stand trial after the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Africa; if taking bin Laden alive was deemed impossible, then deadly force was authorized.[164] On August 20, 1998, 66 cruise missiles launched by United States Navy ships in the Arabian Sea struck bin Laden's training camps near Khost in Afghanistan, narrowly missing him by a few hours.[165] In 1999 the CIA, together with Pakistani military intelligence, had prepared a team of approximately 60 Pakistani commandos to infiltrate Afghanistan to capture or kill bin Laden, but the plan was aborted by the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état;[165] in 2000, foreign operatives working on behalf of the CIA had fired a rocket-propelled grenade at a convoy of vehicles in which bin Laden was traveling through the mountains of Afghanistan, hitting one of the vehicles but not the one in which bin Laden was riding.[164]

In 2000, prior to the September 11 attacks, Paul Bremer characterized the Clinton administration as "correctly focused on bin Laden", while Robert Oakley criticized their "obsession with Osama".[120]

Bush administration

Delta Force GIs disguised as Afghan civilians, while they searched for bin Laden in November 2001
Immediately after the September 11 attacks, U.S. government officials named bin Laden and the al-Qaeda organization as the prime suspects and offered a reward of $25 million for information leading to his capture or death.[19][166] On July 13, 2007, the Senate voted to double the reward to $50 million though the amount was never changed.[167] The Airline Pilots Association and the Air Transport Association offered an additional $2 million reward.[168]

According to The Washington Post, the U.S. government concluded that Osama bin Laden was present during the Battle of Tora Bora, Afghanistan in late 2001, and according to civilian and military officials with first-hand knowledge, failure by the United States to commit enough U.S. ground troops to hunt him led to his escape and was the gravest failure by the United States in the war against al-Qaeda. Intelligence officials assembled what they believed to be decisive evidence, from contemporary and subsequent interrogations and intercepted communications, that bin Laden began the Battle of Tora Bora inside the cave complex along Afghanistan's mountainous eastern border.[169]

The Washington Post also reported that the CIA unit composed of special operations paramilitary forces dedicated to capturing bin Laden was shut down in late 2005.[170] Bush had previously defended this scaling back of the effort several times, saying, "I don't know where bin Laden is. I have no idea and really don't care. It's not that important. It's not our priority."[171]

U.S. and Afghanistan forces raided the mountain caves in Tora Bora between August 14–16, 2007. The military was drawn to the area after receiving intelligence of a pre-Ramadan meeting held by al-Qaeda members. After killing dozens of al-Qaeda and Taliban members, they did not find either Osama bin Laden or Ayman al-Zawahiri.[172]

Obama administration

Situation Room, in which members of the Obama administration track the mission that killed bin Laden
On October 7, 2008, in the second presidential debate, on foreign policy, then-presidential candidate Barack Obama pledged, "We will kill bin Laden. We will crush al-Qaeda. That has to be our biggest national security priority."[173] Upon being elected, then President-elect Obama expressed his plans to "renew U.S. commitment to finding al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, according to his national security advisers" in an effort to ratchet up the hunt for the terrorist.[173] President Obama rejected the Bush administration's policy on bin Laden that "conflated all terror threats from al-Qaeda to Hamas to Hezbollah," replacing it with "a covert, laserlike focus on al-Qaeda and its spawn."[174][175]

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said in December 2009 that officials had had no reliable information on bin Laden's whereabouts for years. One week later, General Stanley McChrystal, the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan said in December 2009 that al-Qaeda would not be defeated unless its leader, Osama bin Laden, were captured or killed. Testifying to the U.S. Congress, he said that bin Laden had become an "iconic figure, whose survival emboldens al-Qaeda as a franchising organization across the world", and that Obama's deployment of 30,000 extra troops to Afghanistan meant that success would be possible. "I don't think that we can finally defeat al-Qaeda until he's captured or killed," McChrystal said of bin Laden. According to him, killing or capturing bin Laden would not spell the end of al-Qaeda, but the movement could not be eradicated while he remained at large.[176]

In April 2011, President Obama ordered a covert operation to kill or capture bin Laden. On May 2, 2011, the White House announced that U.S. Navy SEALs had successfully carried out the operation, killing him in his Abbottabad compound in Pakistan.[177]

Activities and whereabouts after the September 11 attacks

Main article: Location of Osama bin Laden
While referring to Osama bin Laden in a CNN film clip on September 17, 2001, then President George W. Bush stated, "I want justice. There is an old poster out west, as I recall, that said, 'Wanted dead or alive' ".[178] Subsequently, bin Laden retreated further from public contact to avoid capture. Numerous speculative press reports were issued about his whereabouts or even death; some placed bin Laden in different locations during overlapping time periods. None were ever definitively proven. After military offensives in Afghanistan failed to uncover his whereabouts, Pakistan was regularly identified as his suspected hiding place. Some of the conflicting reports regarding bin Laden's continued whereabouts and mistaken claims about his death follow:

On December 11, 2005, a letter from Atiyah Abd al-Rahman to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi indicated that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda leadership were based in the Waziristan region of Pakistan at the time. In the letter, translated by the United States military's Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, "Atiyah" instructs Zarqawi to "send messengers from your end to Waziristan so that they meet with the brothers of the leadership [...] I am now on a visit to them and I am writing you this letter as I am with them ..." Al-Rahman also indicates that bin Laden and al-Qaeda are "weak" and "have many of their own problems." The letter has been deemed authentic by military and counterterrorism officials, according to The Washington Post.[179][180]
Al-Qaeda continued to release time-sensitive and professionally verified videos demonstrating bin Laden's continued survival as recently as August 2007.[181] Bin Laden claimed sole responsibility for the September 11 attacks and specifically denied any prior knowledge of them by the Taliban or the Afghan people.[182]
In 2009, a research team led by Thomas W. Gillespie and John A. Agnew of UCLA used satellite-aided geographical analysis to pinpoint three compounds in Parachinar as bin Laden's likely hideouts.[183]
In March 2009, the New York Daily News reported that the hunt for bin Laden had centered in the Chitral District of Pakistan, including the Kalam Valley. Author Rohan Gunaratna stated that captured al-Qaeda leaders had confirmed that bin Laden was hiding in Chitral.[184]
In the first week of December 2009, a Taliban detainee in Pakistan said he had information that bin Laden was in Afghanistan in 2009. The detainee reported that in January or February (2009) he met a trusted contact who had seen bin Laden in Afghanistan about 15 to 20 days earlier. However, on December 6, 2009, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates stated that the United States had had no reliable information on the whereabouts of bin Laden in years.[185] Pakistan's Prime Minister Gillani rejected claims that Osama bin Laden was hiding in Pakistan.[186]
On December 9, 2009, BBC News reported that U.S. Army General Stanley A. McChrystal, who served as Commander of the U.S. forces in Afghanistan from June 15, 2009 until June 23, 2010, emphasized the continued importance of the capture or killing of bin Laden, thus indicating that the U.S. high command believed that bin Laden was still alive.[187]
On February 2, 2010, Afghan president Hamid Karzai arrived in Saudi Arabia for an official visit. The agenda included discussion of a possible Saudi role in Karzai's plan to reintegrate Taliban militants. During the visit an anonymous official of the Saudi Foreign Ministry declared that the kingdom had no intention of getting involved in peacemaking in Afghanistan unless the Taliban severed ties with extremists and expelled Osama bin Laden.[188]
On June 7, 2010, the Kuwaiti newspaper Al Siyassa reported that bin Laden was hiding out in the mountainous town of Savzevar, in northeastern Iran.[189] On June 9, The Australian News's online edition repeated the claim.[190]
On October 18, 2010, an unnamed NATO official suggested that bin Laden was "alive and well and living comfortably" in Pakistan, protected by elements of the country's intelligence services. A senior Pakistani official denied the allegations and said that the accusations were designed to put pressure on the Pakistani government ahead of talks aimed at strengthening ties between Pakistan and the United States.[191]
On April 16, 2011, a leaked Al Jazeera report claimed that bin Laden had been captured by U.S. forces in Afghanistan.[192]
On March 29, 2012 Pakistani newspaper Dawn acquired a report produced by Pakistani security officials, based on interrogation of his three surviving wives, that detailed his movements while living underground in Pakistan.[193]

In a 2010 letter, bin Laden chastised followers who had reinterpreted al-tatarrus—an Islamic doctrine meant to excuse the unintended killing of non-combatants in unusual circumstances—to justify routine massacres of Muslim civilians, which had turned Muslims against the extremist movement. Of the groups affiliated with al-Qaida, Bin Laden condemned Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan for an attack on members of a hostile tribe, declaring that "the operation is not justified, as there were casualties of noncombatants." Bin Laden wrote that the tatarrus doctrine "needs to be revisited based on the modern-day context and clear boundaries established." He asked a subordinate to draw up a jihadist code of conduct that would constrain military operations in order to avoid civilian casualties. In Yemen, Bin Laden urged his allies to seek a "truce" that would bring the country "stability" or would at least "show the people that we are careful in keeping ... the Muslims safe on the basis of peace." In Somalia, he called attention to the extreme poverty caused by constant warfare, and he advised al-Shabab to pursue economic development. He instructed his followers around the world to focus on education and persuasion rather than "entering into confrontations" with Islamic political parties.[194]

Whereabouts just prior to his death
In April 2011, various intelligence outlets were able to pinpoint bin Laden's suspected location near Abbottabad, Pakistan.[citation needed] It was previously believed that bin Laden was hiding near the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas, but he was found 160 km (100 mi) away in a three-story mansion in Abbottabad at 34°10′9.51″N 73°14′32.78″E.[195][196][197] Bin Laden's mansion was located 1.3 km (0.8 mi) southwest of the Pakistan Military Academy, the country's "West Point".[198][199][200][201] Google Earth maps show that the compound was not present in 2001, but it was present on images taken in 2005.[202]


Main article: Death of Osama bin Laden
See also: Reactions to the death of Osama bin Laden and Osama bin Laden death conspiracy theories

Website of the Federal Bureau of Investigation listing bin Laden as deceased on the Most Wanted List on May 3, 2011
Osama bin Laden was killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan on May 2, 2011, shortly after 1:00 am local time[note 1][203][204] by a United States special forces military unit.

The operation, code-named Operation Neptune Spear, was ordered by United States President Barack Obama and carried out in a U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operation by a team of United States Navy SEALs from the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (also known as DEVGRU or informally by its former name, SEAL Team Six) of the Joint Special Operations Command, with support from CIA operatives on the ground.[205][206] The raid on bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad was launched from Afghanistan.[207] After the raid, reports at the time stated that U.S. forces had taken bin Laden's body to Afghanistan for identification, then buried it at sea within 24 hours of his death.[208]

Allegations of Pakistani protection of bin Laden
Main article: Allegations of support system in Pakistan for Osama bin Laden
Critics accused Pakistan's military and security establishment of protecting bin Laden.[209] For example, Mosharraf Zia, a leading Pakistani columnist, stated, "It seems deeply improbable that bin Laden could have been where he was killed without the knowledge of some parts of the Pakistani state."[210] Pakistan's president Asif Ali Zardari denied that his country's security forces sheltered bin Laden,[211][212] and called any supposed support for bin Laden by the Pakistani government "baseless speculation". In May 2015, Seymour Hersh, a Pulitzer Prize investigative journalist, reconstructed, on the basis of informants inside the CIA and the Pakistani services, a scenario in which Saudi Arabia had continued to financially support Bin Laden during his years of detention by Pakistan's ISI since 2006, that his whereabouts were leaked to the CIA in exchange for a bounty, and that the whole operation to kill him was done with the full knowledge of, and operative assistance from, his former Pakistani protectors.[213]

Bin Laden was killed in what some suggest was his residence for five years.[214][215] It was an extensive compound located less than a mile from Pakistan Military Academy,[216][217][218] probably built for him[219] and less than 100 kilometers' drive from the capital. Carlotta Gall, writing in The New York Times magazine, claimed that the United States had direct evidence that the ISI chief, Lt. Gen. Ahmad Shuja Pasha, knew of Bin Laden's presence in Abbottabad, Pakistan.[220]

The Pakistani government's foreign office issued a statement that "categorically denies" any reports by the media that the country's leadership, "civil as well as military, had any prior knowledge of the U.S. operation against Osama bin Laden".[221][222]

Pakistan's United States envoy, ambassador Husain Haqqani, promised a "full inquiry" into how Pakistani intelligence services was said to have failed to find bin Laden in a fortified compound, just a few hours drive from Islamabad, and stated that "obviously bin Laden did have a support system; the issue is, was that support system within the government and the state of Pakistan or within the society of Pakistan?"[223]
1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - piperpepperpickeda peckofpickledpeppers : Speechless... #britain   #politics   #labourparty  via +Daniel Wiser 

#britain   #politics   #labourparty  via +Daniel Wiser 
Frontrunner for Major British Party: Osama Bin Laden’s Death a ‘Tragedy’
Jeremy Corbyn, the frontrunner to be the next leader of Britain’s Labour Party and a socialist member of Parliament, once referred to the death of al Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden as a tragic event.
1 month ago - Via Reshared Post - View - Washington Free Beacon : Speechless... #britain   #politics   #labourparty  via +Daniel Wiser 

#britain   #politics   #labourparty  via +Daniel Wiser 
Frontrunner for Major British Party: Osama Bin Laden’s Death a ‘Tragedy’
Jeremy Corbyn, the frontrunner to be the next leader of Britain’s Labour Party and a socialist member of Parliament, once referred to the death of al Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden as a tragic event.
1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - Michael Langfitt : Fun Fact of the Day Adolf Hitler’s death was announced on May 1st, 1945. Osama Bin Laden’s death was...
Fun Fact of the Day
Adolf Hitler’s death was announced on May 1st, 1945. Osama Bin Laden’s death was announced on May 1st, 2011. That's a 66 year gap.
Watch the video: Coincidence, I Think NOT!
From "The Incredibles"
1 month ago - Via - View - Iza Gabriel : ISIS 'Mein Kampf' Blames Israel for Global Terrorism Experts poring over secret Islamic State dossier...
ISIS 'Mein Kampf' Blames Israel for Global Terrorism

Experts poring over secret Islamic State dossier found in Pakistan's tribal badlands; Arutz Sheva gains an exclusive look.

Intelligence officials are comparing a newly discovered secret Islamic State document to Hitler’s “Mein Kampf,” as it blames Israel for the rise of the Islamic State and crowns U.S. President Barack Obama as the “Mule of the Jews.”

Found in Pakistan’s remote tribal region by American Media Institute (AMI), the 32-page Urdu language document promotes an “end of the world” battle as a final solution. It argues that the Islamic leader should be recognized as the sole ruler of the world’s 1 billion Muslims, under a religious empire called a “caliphate.”

“It reads like the caliphate’s own Mein Kampf,” said a U.S. intelligence official, who reviewed the document. “While the world is watching videos of beheadings and crucifixions in Iraq and Syria the Islamic State is moving into North Africa the Middle East, and now we see it has a strategy in South Asia. It’s a magician’s trick, watch this hand and you’ll never see what the other is doing.”

Retired U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency Director Gen. Michael Flynn and other U.S. intelligence officials confirmed the authenticity of the document based on its unique markings, specific language used to describe leaders and the writing style and religious wording that matched other Islamic State records.

Flynn said the undated document, “A Brief History of the Islamic State Caliphate (ISC), The Caliphate According to the Prophet,” is a campaign plan that “lays out their intent, their goals and objectives, a red flag to which we must pay attention.”

The document serves as a Nazi-like recruiting pitch that attempts to unite dozens of factions of the Pakistani and Afghan Taliban into a single army of terror.  It includes a never-before-seen history of the Islamic State, details chilling future battle plans and urges al-Qaeda to join Islamic State.

Its tone is direct: “Accept the fact that this caliphate will survive and prosper until it takes over the entire world and beheads every last person that rebels against Allah. This is the bitter truth, swallow it.”

Rabbi Abraham Cooper, associate dean of the Simon Wiesenthal center for human rights who heads Center’s Digital Terrorism and Hate Project, compares the Islamic State threats in the document to the rise of Nazism pre-World War II.

The brutal killing of a teacher and three children at the Ozar Hatorah school in Toulouse in 2012 by an Algerian Islamist was a major signal to the Jewish community that Europe was no longer safe and that not enough was being done to curtail the rise of anti-semitism, he said.

“It’s important to remember what our founder, Wiesenthal said, ‘it often starts with the Jews but it never ends with the Jews,” Cooper said. “As a matter fact [Islamic State] did not create anti-semitism but they are taking advantage of it, and they are building on it." 

The document advocates creating a new terrorist army in Afghanistan and Pakistan to trigger a war in India and provoke an Armageddon-like confrontation with the United States. It also details Islamic State’s plot to attack U.S. soldiers as they withdraw from Afghanistan and target America diplomats and Pakistani officials and blames the rise of jihadi organizations on the establishment of Israel.

“No sooner had the British government relinquished control of Israel, Ben-Gurion, the leader of the Jews, declared the independence of the State of Israel, triggering a global migration of Jews to the Jewish State, and launching the systematic persecution of Palestinian Muslims who had to abandon their homes and migrate,” the document states.

The document discloses the history of Islamic State dating back to the early 1990s and explains why in 2011 its leader, Abu Bakr al- Bagdhadi, unleashed car bombs to avenge Osama bin Laden’s death, and boasts about the suicide rates of American soldiers.

“Urban centers across Iraq exploded with car bombs and IED’s. The losses inflicted upon Americans, apostates, and heretics were unprecedented, as were the suicide rates amongst U.S soldiers,” the document states. “This state of affairs forced Mule of the Jews, U.S President Obama to announce an exit plan.”

The battle plan to “end the world” is described in six phases (three of which have already passed) - ripping pages from al-Qaeda’s original plans to defeat the west, in a graphic illustration of how ISIS sees itself as the true heirs to Osama Bin Laden's legacy.

Phase 1 “Awakening” 2000-2003: Islamic State calls for “a major operation against the U.S. .. to provoke a crusade against Islam.”
Phase 2 “Shock and Awe” 2004 – 2006: Islamic State will lure U.S. into multiple theatres of war, including cyber-attacks and establish charities across the Muslim and Arab world to support terrorism.
Phase 3 “Self-reliance” 2007-2010: Islamic State will create “interference” with Iraq’s neighboring states with particular focus on Syria.
Phase 4 “Reaping/extortion/receiving” 2010-2013: Islamic State will attack “U.S and Western interests” to destroy their economy and replace the dollar with silver and gold and expose Muslim governments’ relations with Israel and the U.S.
Phase 5 Declaring the Caliphate 2013-2016: Not much details offered here. The document just says, “The Caliphate According to The Prophet.”
Phase 6, Open Warfare 2017-2020:  Islamic State predicts faith will clash with non-believers and “Allah will grant victory to the believers after which peace will reign on earth.”
The document urges followers of al-Qaeda and the Taliban to join the Islamic State in overthrowing Arab governments who have relations with the U.S. and Israel, unlike al-Qaeda, which believed it was “important to weaken the U.S before launching an armed revolt in Arab states and establishing a caliphate.”

In response to the document, a senior ranking Israeli official said that in the Middle East the world faces two threats – from Islamic State and from Iran. “We need not strengthen one at the expense of the other. We need to weaken both and prevent the aggression and arming of both," he warned.

Alistair Baskey, deputy spokesman for the White House’s National Security Council said Islamic State is being monitored “closely to see whether their emergence will have a meaningful impact on the threat environment in the region.”

The document builds on evidence that Islamic State is expanding into the region where the September 11 attacks were born. A united Taliban, backed by the hundreds of millions of dollars of Iraqi oil revenue now enjoyed by Islamic State, would be a “game-changer,” officials said.

The document warns that “preparations” for an attack in India are underway and predicts that an attack will provoke an apocalyptic confrontation with America: “Even if the U.S tries to attack with all its allies, which undoubtedly it will, the (entire global Muslim community) will be united, resulting in the final battle.”

A war in India would magnify Islamic State stature and threaten the stability of the region, said Bruce Riedel, a senior fellow with the Brookings Institution who served more than 30 years in the CIA. “Attacking in India is the Holy Grail of South Asian jihadists.” 

Pakistan Foreign Secretary Aizaz Chaudhry denied the presence of Islamic State in the region, calling it only “a potential threat.”

Unlike al-Qaida, whose focus was the United States and other western nations, the document said Islamic State leaders believe that’s the wrong strategic goal. “Instead of wasting energy in a direct confrontation with the U.S., we should focus on an armed uprising in the Arab world for the establishment of the caliphate,” the document said.

The failure to target the radical Islamic ideas has given the group breathing room to spread throughout the world much like Hitler did.

“We did a lousy job predicting what Hitler was going to do in the 1920s, 1930s – honestly, we blew it,” Cooper said. “It’s hard to take seriously or believe that such hatred was real or would be possible. They made jokes about Jews, degraded Jews but nobody believed that they would be capable of what they were saying.  So now, when groups, like [Islamic State] come along and say they are going to do A B and C, you have to take them for their word.”
ISIS 'Mein Kampf' Blames Israel for Global Terrorism

1 month ago - Via Community - View - Ata Dizdar : When the news surrounding Osama bin Laden's death came out, I was skeptical as to the official story...
When the news surrounding Osama bin Laden's death came out, I was skeptical as to the official story of it.  This article certainly sheds light on a very suspect official US account.  Makes one think.
The bin Laden death mythology — INSURGE intelligence
Official history of raid camouflages US protection of governments behind 9/11
1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - Michael Conde Jr : I know the spin the media will put on this article, but at least Trump is willing to let go people he...
I know the spin the media will put on this article, but at least Trump is willing to let go people he feels are not doing their job. How many people has our government fired over the IRS scandal and Louis Learner, the Benghazi incident, Hillary's private server, PRISM and the amount of data collection is going on, how about the VA being worse off than they were a year --even after a new leader was put in. The VETS are still being treated dirty, and put on waiting list, many until they die. What about the role out of Obamacare /ACA and all of the ??? lies involved. How about the seal teams being outed after Osama Bin Laden" death. that most likely  resulted in their deaths. They were classified, and Obama put it on national TV. How about all of the scandals that have broke under this administration, how many have been fired? The few that were let go simply showed up in another federal department. If an employee can not do their job in the real world they are terminated. I can not prove if he quit or was terminated, but I know Trump will not have people working for him that do not follow through. I want to also mention that the questions for the debate that were supposed to be fair, not one mentioned the fact that Trump will not owe anybody any favors (lobbyist), because he is paying for his campaign. Not one other nominee can say that, and we know what pork in D.C. is. Trump tried to tell them he knew how politicians worked, because he was a big donor to many in the past, and said he does not have to play that game now. Fox was not fair, and balanced during this debate in my opinion.
Donald Trump Says He Fired Campaign Strategist — but That Might Not Be the Whole Story |

1 month ago - Via Reshared Post - View - Patricia Holloway : I know the spin the media will put on this article, but at least Trump is willing to let go people he...
I know the spin the media will put on this article, but at least Trump is willing to let go people he feels are not doing their job. How many people has our government fired over the IRS scandal and Louis Learner, the Benghazi incident, Hillary's private server, PRISM and the amount of data collection is going on, how about the VA being worse off than they were a year --even after a new leader was put in. The VETS are still being treated dirty, and put on waiting list, many until they die. What about the role out of Obamacare /ACA and all of the ??? lies involved. How about the seal teams being outed after Osama Bin Laden" death. that most likely  resulted in their deaths. They were classified, and Obama put it on national TV. How about all of the scandals that have broke under this administration, how many have been fired? The few that were let go simply showed up in another federal department. If an employee can not do their job in the real world they are terminated. I can not prove if he quit or was terminated, but I know Trump will not have people working for him that do not follow through. I want to also mention that the questions for the debate that were supposed to be fair, not one mentioned the fact that Trump will not owe anybody any favors (lobbyist), because he is paying for his campaign. Not one other nominee can say that, and we know what pork in D.C. is. Trump tried to tell them he knew how politicians worked, because he was a big donor to many in the past, and said he does not have to play that game now. Fox was not fair, and balanced during this debate in my opinion.
Donald Trump Says He Fired Campaign Strategist — but That Might Not Be the Whole Story |

1 month ago - Via Google+ - View - All New York News : Osama bin Laden’s sister and stepmother killed in England plane crash: reports ElSeñor SarcamosS via...
Osama bin Laden’s sister and stepmother killed in England plane crash: reports 

ElSeñor SarcamosS via YouTube Plumes of smoke from a jet crash that is said to have killed two members of Osama bin Laden’s family in southern England. ElSeñor SarcamosS via YouTube None of the victims have been identified but local reports said Osama bin Laden’s sister and stepmother are among the dead. Previous Next Enlarge The sister and stepmother of slain al-Qaida mastermind Osama bin Laden are said to have died in a plane crash in England that killed two others Friday, according to local reports. The identifies of the victims has yet to be confirmed by authorities, but the Saudia ambassador to Britain offered condolesences to the bin Laden family in a tweet. “His royal highness Prince Mohammed bin Nawaf bin Abdul Aziz, the ambassador of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques to the United Kingdom, offered his condolences to the sons of the late Mohammed bin Laden and their relations for the grave incident of the crash of the plane carrying members of the family at Balckbushe airport,” Prince Mohammed bin Nawaf Al Saud tweeted in Arabic. A Phenom 300 jet with three passengers and one pilot crashed near Blackbushe airport in southern England, apparently killing everyone on board, police said. The plane was registered to a company owned by the bin Ladens, a prominent family in Saudi Arabia with connections to a variety of big businesses, The Guardian reported. It’s still unclear if the plane was departing from or arriving at the airport. Getty Images/Getty Images Two prominent relatives of Osama bin Laden, who was hunted down and killed in 2011, were reportedly killed in a plane crash that claimed four lives. A Hampshire police spokesperon said authorities are investigating the crash, but so far do not suspect any connection to terrorism. Osama bin Laden’s family disowned him long before the 9/11 attack. His father Mohammad died in a plane crash in 1967 when his company aircraft went down in Saudi Arabia. Related Stories U.S. didn’t issue Osama bin Laden death certificate: records Bin Laden mulled fleeing in months before he was killed Bin Laden read up on Illuminati, US foreign policy White House denies report claiming Obama lied about Osama Source: post Osama bin Laden’s sister and stepmother killed in England plane crash: reports  appeared first on New York News.
2 months ago - Via Google+ - View -