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Most recent 20 results returned for keyword: annular eclipse (Search this on MAP)

https://plus.google.com/100094636037703706991 Discover Madagascar : Annular Eclipse 2016 in Madagascar This is not a joke or a buzz but real, an Annual Solar Eclipse will...
Annular Eclipse 2016 in Madagascar
This is not a joke or a buzz but real, an Annual Solar Eclipse will pass through the big island this year.  This won’t be a total eclipse, but an Annular one. A total Eclipse is when the moon hides completely the sun and leaves the world in a total darkness...
Annular Eclipse 2016 in Madagascar

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https://plus.google.com/115593299225930499338 Sandara Mae Narraga : As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between...
As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun. This can happen only at new moon, when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction as seen from Earth in an alignment referred to as syzygy. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured.

If the Moon were in a perfectly circular orbit, a little closer to the Earth, and in the same orbital plane, there would be total solar eclipses every month. However, the Moon's orbit is inclined (tilted) at more than 5 degrees to the Earth's orbit around the Sun (see ecliptic), so its shadow at new moon usually misses Earth. Earth's orbit is called the ecliptic plane as the Moon's orbit must cross this plane in order for an eclipse (both solar as well as lunar) to occur. In addition, the Moon's actual orbit is elliptical, often taking it far enough away from Earth that its apparent size is not large enough to block the Sun totally. The orbital planes cross each other at a line of nodes resulting in at least two, and up to five, solar eclipses occurring each year; no more than two of which can be total eclipses.



A solar eclipse occurs when the moon gets between Earth and the sun, and the moon casts a shadow over Earth. A solar eclipse can only take place at the phase of new moon, when the moon passes directly between the sun and Earth and its shadows fall upon Earth’s surface. But whether the alignment produces a total solar eclipse, a partial solar eclipse or an annular solar eclipse depends on several factors, all explained below.
The fact that an eclipse can occur at all is a fluke of celestial mechanics and time. Since the moon formed about 4.5 billion years ago, it has been gradually moving away from Earth (by about 1.6 inches, or 4 centimeters per year). Right now the moon is at the perfect distance to appear in our sky exactly the same size as the sun, and therefore block it out. But this is not always true.
The last solar eclipse was a total eclipse on March 20, 2015.



Here is a schedule of upcoming solar eclipses:
Sept. 13, 2015: Partial eclipse. Time of greatest eclipse: 6:54 UT. Visible from southern Africa, south Indian Ocean and Antarctica.
March 9, 2016: Total eclipse. Time of greatest eclipse: 1:58 UT. Visible from Australia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Sept. 1, 2016: Annular eclipse. Time of greatest eclipse: 9:08 UT. Visible from Atlantic Ocean, central Africa, Madagasgar, Indian Ocean.

There are four types of solar eclipses: total, annular, partial and hybrid. Here’s what causes each type:
Total solar eclipses
These are a happy accident of nature. The sun's 864,000-mile diameter is fully 400 times greater than that of our puny moon, which measures just about 2,160 miles. But the moon also happens to be about 400 times closer to Earth than the sun (the ratio varies as both orbits are elliptical), and as a result, when the orbital planes intersect and the distances align favorably, the new moon can appear to completely blot out the disk of the sun. On the average a total eclipse occurs somewhere on Earth about every 18 months.
There are actually two types of shadows: the umbra is that part of the shadow where all sunlight is blocked out. The umbra takes the shape of a dark, slender cone. It is surrounded by the penumbra, a lighter, funnel-shaped shadow from which sunlight is partially obscured.
During a total solar eclipse, the moon casts its umbra upon Earth's surface; that shadow can sweep a third of the way around the planet in just a few hours. Those who are fortunate enough to be positioned in the direct path of the umbra will see the sun's disk diminish into a crescent as the moon's dark shadow rushes toward them across the landscape.
During the brief period of totality, when the sun is completely covered, the beautiful corona — the tenuous outer atmosphere of the sun — is revealed.
Totality may last as long as 7 minutes 31 seconds, though
most total eclipses are usually much shorter.
                                          

If you want to see a solar eclipse, you must be in the path of the Moon's shadow, which has 3 distinct parts:
Umbra: The innermost and darkest part of the Moon's shadow. The Sun's light is blocked in places on Earth where the umbra falls. The Sun's disc is not visible anymore.
Penumbra: The outermost and the lightest part of the Moon's shadow. Only part of the Sun's light is blocked in places on Earth where the Moon's penumbra falls. The Sun's disc is partly visible.
Antumbra: The Moon's antumbra lies beyond the umbra. It appears with the growing distance from the Moon. From Earth, the Moon appears smaller and cannot completely block the Sun, so the Sun's outer rim is still seen.
A partial solar eclipse occurs when only the penumbra (the partial shadow) passes over you. In these cases, a part of the sun always remains in view during the eclipse. How much of the sun remains in view depends on the specific circumstances.
Usually the penumbra gives just a glancing blow to our planet over the polar regions; in such cases, places far away from the poles but still within the zone of the penumbra might not see much more than a small scallop of the sun hidden by the moon. In a different scenario, those who are positioned within a couple of thousand miles of the path of a total eclipse will see a partial eclipse.
The closer you are to the path of totality, the greater the solar obscuration. If, for instance, you are positioned just outside of the path of the total eclipse, you will see the sun wane to a narrow crescent, then thicken up again as the shadow passes by.

Eclipses in 2015
March 20: Total solar eclipse
April 4: Total lunar eclipse
September 13: Partial solar eclipse
September 28: Total lunar eclipse
Eclipses in 2016
March 9: Total solar eclipse
March 23: Penumbral lunar eclipse
September 1: Annular solar eclipse
September 16: Penumbral lunar eclipse

There are 4 types of solar eclipses and they are determined by what part of the Moon's shadow falls on the Earth:
Total: A total solar eclipse takes place when the Moon completely covers the Sun and casts its umbra and penumbra on Earth. A total eclipse of the Sun can only take place when the Moon is at perigee. You can experience a total solar eclipse if you're in the path of the Moon's umbra. You can see a partial eclipse at a place where the Sun's penumbra falls.
Partial: Partial solar eclipses happen when the Moon does not completely cover the Sun's disc and casts only its penumbra on Earth.
Annular: Annular solar eclipses occur when the Moon's antumbra falls on Earth. The Moon's disc covers the center of the Sun's disc, leaving the Sun's outer edges uncovered. An annular eclipse of the Sun can only take place when the Moon is at apogee.
Hybrid: Hybrid eclipses are rare. They happen when an annular eclipse turns into a total solar eclipse.






Fortnight (approximate two-week) separation between solar and lunar eclipses. A solar eclipse always takes place within one fortnight of any lunar eclipse. For instance, in 2015, the total solar eclipse on March 20 comes one fortnight before the Blood Moon total lunar eclipse of April 4. The partial solar eclipse on September 13 occurs one fortnight before the Blood Moon total lunar eclipse of September 28. In 2016, the total solar eclipse of March 9 happens one fortnight before the penumbral lunar eclipse of March 23; and the September 1 annular solar eclipse takes place one fortnight before the September 16 penumbral lunar eclipse.
Somewhat rarely, a solar eclipse can occur one fortnight before and after a lunar eclipse. This will next happen in the year 2018:
July 13: Partial solar eclipse
July 27: Total lunar eclipse
August 11: Partial solar eclipse
Somewhat rarely, a lunar eclipse can come one fortnight before and after a solar eclipse. This will next happen in the year 2020:
June 5: Penumbral lunar eclipse
June 21: Annular solar eclipse
July 5: Penumbral lunar eclipse


An annular eclipse, though a rare and amazing sight, is far different from a total one. The sky will darken ... somewhat; a sort of weird “counterfeit twilight” since so much of the sun still shows. The annular eclipse is a subspecies of a partial eclipse, not total. The maximum duration for an annular eclipse is 12 minutes 30 seconds.
However, an annular solar eclipse is similar to a total eclipse in that the moon appears to pass centrally across the sun. The difference is, the moon is too small to cover the disk of the sun completely. Because the moon circles Earth in an elliptical orbit, its distance from Earth can vary from 221,457 miles to 252,712 miles. But the dark shadow cone of the moon’s umbra can extend out for no longer than 235,700 miles; that’s less than the moon’s average distance from Earth.
So if the moon is at some greater distance, the tip of the umbra does not reach Earth. During such an eclipse, the antumbra, a theoretical continuation of the umbra, reaches the ground, and anyone situated within it can look up past either side of the umbra and see an annulus, or “ring of fire” around the moon. A good analogy is putting a penny atop a nickel, the penny being the moon, the nickel being the sun.

Since looking directly at the Sun can lead to permanent eye damage or blindness, special eye protection or indirect viewing techniques are used when viewing a solar eclipse. It is technically safe to view only the total phase of a total solar eclipse with the unaided eye and without protection; however, this is a dangerous practice, as most people are not trained to recognize the phases of an eclipse, which can span over two hours while the total phase can only last up to 7.5 minutes for any one location. People referred to as eclipse chasers or umbraphiles will travel to remote locations to observe or witness predicted central solar eclipses.


The magnitude of an eclipse is the ratio of the apparent size of the Moon to the apparent size of the Sun during an eclipse. An eclipse that occurs when the Moon is near its closest distance to Earth (i.e., near its perigee) can be a total eclipse because the Moon will appear to be large enough to completely cover the Sun's bright disk, or photosphere; a total eclipse has a magnitude greater than 1. Conversely, an eclipse that occurs when the Moon is near its farthest distance from Earth (i.e., near its apogee) can only be an annular eclipse because the Moon will appear to be slightly smaller than the Sun; the magnitude of an annular eclipse is less than 1. Slightly more solar eclipses are annular than total because, on average, the Moon lies too far from Earth to cover the Sun completely. A hybrid eclipse occurs when the magnitude of an eclipse changes during the event from less to greater than one, so the eclipse appears to be total at some locations on Earth and annular at other locations.



Hybrid solar eclipses
These are also called annular-total (“A-T”) eclipses. This special type of eclipse occurs when the moon’s distance is near its limit for the umbra to reach Earth. In most cases, an A-T eclipse starts as an annular eclipse because the tip of the umbra falls just short of making contact with Earth; then it becomes total, because the roundness of the planet reaches up and intercepts the shadow tip near the middle of the path, then finally it returns to annular toward the end of the path.
Because the moon appears to pass directly in front of the sun, total, annular and hybrid eclipses are also called “central” eclipses to distinguish them from eclipses that are merely partial.
Of all solar eclipses, about 28 percent are total; 35 percent are partial; 32 percent annular; and just 5 percent are hybrids.

Predictions of solar eclipses
Eclipses do not happen at every new moon, of course. This is because the moon’s orbit is tilted just over 5 degrees relative to Earth’s orbit around the sun. For this reason, the moon’s shadow usually passes either above or below Earth, so a solar eclipse doesn’t occur.
But as a rule, at least twice each year (and sometimes as many as five times in a year), a new moon will align itself in just such a way to eclipse the sun. That alignment point is called a node. Depending on how closely the new moon approaches a node will determine whether a particular eclipse is central or partial. And of course, the moon’s distance from the Earth — and to a lesser degree, Earth’s distance from the sun — will ultimately determine whether a central eclipse is total, annular or a hybrid.
And these alignments don’t happen haphazardly, for after a specific interval of time, an eclipse will repeat itself or return. This interval is known as the Saros cycle and was known as far back as the days of the early Chaldean astronomers some 28 centuries ago. The word Saros means “repetition” and is equal to 18 years, 11⅓ days (or a day less or more depending on the number of leap years that have intervened). After this interval, the relative positions of the sun and moon relative to a node are nearly the same as before. That third of a day in the interval causes the path of each eclipse of a series to be displaced in longitude a third of the way around Earth to the west with respect to its predecessor.
For example, on March 29, 2006, a total eclipse swept across parts of western and northern Africa and then across southern Asia. One Saros later, on April 8, 2024, this eclipse will recur, except instead of Africa and Asia, it will track across northern Mexico, the central and eastern United States and the Maritime provinces of Canada.



As a solar eclipse approaches, the mainstream media often will provide a variety of warnings and advisories against looking at the sun with bare eyes, as blindness could ensue. This has given most people the idea that eclipses are dangerous.
Not so!
It’s the sun that is dangerous — all the time! The sun constantly emits invisible infrared rays that can damage your eyes. Ordinarily, we have no reason to gaze at the sun. An eclipse gives us a reason, but we shouldn’t.
There are safe ways, however . . .
By far, the safest way to view a solar eclipse is to construct a “pinhole camera.” A pinhole or small opening is used to form an image of the sun on a screen placed about 3 feet (or about 1 meter) behind the opening. Binoculars or a small telescope mounted on a tripod can also be used to project a magnified image of the sun onto a white card. The farther away the card, the larger you can focus the image. Look for sunspots. Notice that the sun appears somewhat darker around its limb or edge. This method of solar viewing is safe so long as you remember not to look through the binoculars or telescope when they are pointed toward the sun; put another way, never look directly at the sun when any part of its blindingly bright surface is visible.
A variation on the pinhole theme is the “pinhole mirror.” Cover a pocket-mirror with a piece of paper that has a ¼-inch hole punched in it. Open a sun-facing window and place the covered mirror on the sunlit sill so it reflects a disk of light onto the far wall inside. The disk of light is an image of the sun’s face. The farther away from the wall is the better; the image will be only 1 inch across for every 9 feet (or 3 centimeters for every 3 meters) from the mirror. Modeling clay works well to hold the mirror in place. Experiment with different-sized holes in the paper. Again, a large hole makes the image bright, but fuzzy, and a small one makes it dim but sharp. Darken the room as much as possible. Be sure to try this out beforehand to make sure the mirror’s optical quality is good enough to project a clean, round image. Of course, don’t let anyone look at the sun in the mirror.
If you’re around leafy trees, look at the shadow cast by them during the partial phases. What do you see? Is it worth a photograph? You will see scores of partially eclipsed suns projected through pinhole gaps between the leaves. This is caused by diffraction, a property of light. According to Vince Huegele, an optical physicist at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, the light rays do not shoot straight by the rim of the gaps, or a pinhole, but bend around the edge. This wave effect creates a pattern of rings that resembles a bull's eye.
Acceptable filters for unaided visual solar observations include aluminized Mylar. Some astronomy dealers carry Mylar filter material specially designed for solar observing. Also acceptable is shade 14 arc-welder’s glass, available for just a few dollars at welding supply shops. Of course, it is always a good idea to test your filters and/or observing techniques before eclipse day.
Unacceptable filters include sunglasses, old color film negatives, black-and-white film that contains no silver, photographic neutral-density filters and polarizing filters. Although these materials have very low visible-light transmittance levels, they transmit an unacceptably high level of near-infrared radiation that can cause a thermal retinal burn. The fact that the sun appears dim, or that you feel no discomfort when looking at the sun through these types of filters, is no guarantee that your eyes are safe.
There is one time when you can safely look directly at the sun: during a total eclipse, when the sun's disk is entirely covered. During those few precious seconds or minutes, the magnificent corona shines forth in all its glory surrounding the darkened sun; a marvelous fringe of pearly white light. It differs in size, in tints and patterns from eclipse to eclipse. It is always faint and delicate, with a sheen like a pale aurora. It has a variable appearance. Sometimes it has a soft continuous look; at other times, long rays of it shoot out in three or four directions. It may stand out from the disk in filmy petals and streamers. But when the sun begins to again emerge into view, the corona quickly disappears and you’ll need to protect your eyes once again.

First contact—when the Moon's limb (edge) is exactly tangential to the Sun's limb.
Second contact—starting with Baily's Beads (caused by light shining through valleys on the Moon's surface) and the diamond ring effect. Almost the entire disk is covered.
Totality—the Moon obscures the entire disk of the Sun and only the solar corona is visible.
Third contact—when the first bright light becomes visible and the Moon's shadow is moving away from the observer. Again a diamond ring may be observed.
Fourth contact—when the trailing edge of the Moon ceases to overlap with the solar disk and the eclipse ends.


As best as we can determine, the earliest record of a solar eclipse occurred over four millennia ago. In China, it was believed that the gradual blotting out of the sun was caused by a dragon who was attempting to devour the sun, and it was the duty of the court astronomers to shoot arrows, beat drums and raise whatever cacophony they could to frighten the dragon away.
In the ancient Chinese classic Shujing (or Book of Documents) is the account of Hsi and Ho, two court astronomers who were caught completely unaware by a solar eclipse, having gotten drunk just before the event began. In the aftermath, Zhong Kang, the fourth emperor of the Xia dynasty ordered that Hsi and Ho be punished by having their heads chopped off. The eclipse in question was that of Oct. 22 in the year 2134 B.C.
In the Bible, in the book of Amos 8:9, are the words, “I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the Earth in the clear day.” Biblical scholars believe this is a reference to a celebrated eclipse observed at Nineveh in ancient Assyria on June 15, 763 B.C. An Assyrian tablet also attests to the event.
A solar eclipse even stopped a war.
According to the historian Herodotus, there was a five-year war that raged between the Lydians and the Medes. As the war was about to move into its sixth year, a Greek sage, Thales of Miletus foretold to the Ionians that the time was soon approaching when day would turn to night. On May 17, 603 B.C. the sun faded away just as Thales had alluded that it would. So believing that it was a sign from above, the combatants called a truce, which was cemented by a double marriage, for, as Herodotus wrote: “Without some strong bond, there is little of security to be found in men’s covenants.”
And giving new meaning to the term, “Scared to death,” is the timid emperor Louis of Bavaria, the son of Charlemagne, who witnessed an unusually long total eclipse of the sun on May 5, A.D. 840, which lasted for over five minutes.  But no sooner had the sun begun to emerge back into view, Louis was so overwhelmed by what he had just seen that he died of fright!


Astronomers have learned much by studying eclipses and by the 18th century, observations of solar eclipses were recognized as providing veritable treasure troves of astronomical information, though sometimes getting that information wasn’t easy.
Samuel Williams, a professor at Harvard, led an expedition to Penobscot Bay, Maine, to observe the total solar eclipse of Oct. 27, 1780. As it turned out, this eclipse took place during the Revolutionary War, and Penobscot Bay lay behind enemy lines. Fortunately, the British granted the expedition safe passage, citing the interest of science above political differences.
And yet in the end, it was all for naught.
Williams apparently made a crucial error in his computations and inadvertently positioned his men at Islesboro — just outside the path of totality — likely finding this out with a heavy heart when the narrowing crescent of sunlight slid completely around the dark edge of the moon and then started to thicken!
During a total solar eclipse, a few ruby-red spots may seem to hover around the jet-black disk of the moon. Those are solar prominences, tongues of incandescent hydrogen gas rising above the surface of the sun. During the total eclipse of Aug. 18, 1868, the French astronomer Pierre Janssen trained his spectroscope on the prominences and discovered a new chemical element. Two English astronomers, J. Norman Lockyer and Edward Frankland, later named it “helium,” from the Greek helios (the sun). The gas was not identified on Earth until 1895.
And because sunlight is blocked during a total eclipse, some of the brighter stars and planets can be observed in the darkened sky. Under such conditions astronomers were able to test part of Einstein’s now-celebrated general theory of relativity. That theory predicted that light from stars beyond the sun would bend from a straight path in a certain way as it passed the sun. The positions of stars photographed near the sun’s edge during a total eclipse on May 29, 1919, were compared with photographs of the same region of the sky taken at night; the results strongly supported Einstein’s theory.
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https://plus.google.com/115555321431574345990 Super Beefy : What is an annular eclipse and what causes them? #Earth
What is an annular eclipse and what causes them? #Earth
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https://plus.google.com/108307837704621392267 PaRoCelSo OrtoMetaPara : ★★Today - Solar Eclipse - Surya Grahan ★★ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Connect to all the 9 planets simultaneously...
★★Today - Solar Eclipse - Surya Grahan ★★
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Connect to all the 9 planets simultaneously.
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A Solar eclipse (Surya Grahana) was witnessed on 9th March 2016 (Wednesday) on the lunar day of Maagha Bahula Amaavaasya (New Moon day). It was a Total/Partial Solar Eclipse occurring at the Moon’s descending node (Kethugrashta) with the eclipse starting before Sunrise (Grasthodaya).

This eclipse is visible in South East Asia including India, Nepal, Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, China, Japan, Australia, North Pacific Ocean.

In India this eclipse will be visible as a partial eclipse in most of the parts except some of the West and North-West parts of the country starting from the time of Sunrise. Hence, duration may vary according to Sunrise time.

Eclipse related austerities like Snaana, Japa, Tharpana etc. need to be observed only in those places where eclipse is visible starting from Sunrise time. Hence, please check the visibility of the eclipse and local Sunrise time and follow accordingly.

Astrologically, this eclipse is occurring in the constellation of Poorvabhadra Nakshathra in the zodiac sign Aquarius (Kumbha Raasi) where incidentally KETHU is transiting. Jupiter (Guru) is the star Lord for Poorvabhadra Nakshathra and Saturn (Shani) is the sign Lord for Kumbha Raasi.

★★★★ ECLIPSE (Grahana) - A Celestial Splendour ★★★★

Eclipse is a natural phenomenon that we come across regularly at least twice in a year. Occurrence of eclipse is always fascinating and the spectacular event leads to never ending thirst for scientific, spiritual, astrological and sociological research. Whenever there is an eclipse generally we come across certain terminology being used and one will always get perplexed with these jargons. To alleviate confusion an attempt is made through this post bringing together commonly used eclipse related terms and their meaning in a codified manner.

★★★★★★★★ Eclipse ★★★★★★★★

Eclipses are caused by the powerful alignment of Sun, the Moon and Earth. Best known are the Lunar Eclipse when the Earth blocks the Sun’s light from the Moon and Solar Eclipse when the Moon blocks the Sun’s light from small portion of the Earth. During a Lunar eclipse Moon enters the shadow of the earth and at Solar eclipse Moon enters the Sun’s disc.

Literally speaking Eclipse is a Latin/Greek word; Eclipsis-Ekleipsis-Ekleipein meaning abandonment, fail to appear, obscuring (covering) of one celestial body (star) by another, a temporary or permanent dimming or cutting off of light, a disgraceful or humiliating end or downfall, to overshadow or surpass, to hide from view, to block passage of all or a part of one celestial body into the shadow of another. Scientifically, it is the disappearance of the whole or a part of the Sun when the Moon comes between it and the Earth or disappearance of the Moon when the Earth’s shadow falls across it.

★★★★★★★★ Grahana ★★★★★★★★

In Sanskrit Eclipse is known as Grahana meaning, held forcibly or to seize or afflicted because of being captured. It also means to absorb or swallow. In general grahana means acceptance. An eclipse is also known as Uparaaga in Sanskrit. If it is solar eclipse it is known as Suryoparaaga and if it is lunar eclipse it is known as Chandroparaaga.

★★★★★★★★ Solar Eclipse (Surya Grahana) ★★★★★★★★

A Solar Eclipse or Surya Grahana can occur only on the day of Amaavaasya (on a new Moon day),when the Moon is in its new phase, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction as seen from the Earth. In a solar eclipse Moon is the eclipsing body, passing between Earth and Sun while casting a travelling shadow across Earth’s lighted surface so that the Sun is wholly or partially obscured (covered).

★★★★★★★★ Types of Eclipses ★★★★★★★★

There are four types of eclipses, total, annular, hybrid and partial. A total eclipse when Sun/Moon is completely obscured. Total eclipse (Sampoorna Grahana) is a rare event though it occurs. An Annular Eclipse when the Sun and Moon are exactly in line, but size of the Moon is apparently smaller than that of the Sun. A Hybrid eclipse that is intermediate between total and annular eclipse. A partial eclipse, when the Sun and Moon are not exactly in line and the celestial body is only partially obscured.

★★★★★★★★ Grasthodaya ★★★★★★★★

Grastha means possessed, seized, captured, or swallowed and Udaya means rising time. Grasthodaya means, rising of Sun (sunrise) or Moon (Moonrise) when the eclipse is in progress (solar/lunar) as the case may be. Precisely Grahana (eclipse) would have started already before Sunrise/Moonrise and Sparsha is not visible while Moksha alone is visible.

★★★★★★★★ Grasthaastha ★★★★★★★★

Astha means disappear, setting time, vanished. Grasthaastha means an eclipse (solar/lunar) which is in progress at the time of Sunset or Moonset as the case may be. Precisely Grahana (eclipse) would not have ended before Sunset or Moonset. In this case Sparsha is visible while the Moksha is not visible.

Khagraasa means total eclipse (solar/lunar)

Khandagraasa means partial eclipse (solar/lunar)

★★★★★★★★ Eclipse Phases ★★★★★★★★

There will be three phases during an eclipse. They are Sparsha, Madhya and Moksha. Sparsha means to touch. It is the phase when the eclipse begins and obscuring of one celestial body over the other becomes visible. Madhya is the phase when the eclipse is at its peak when the disk is completely covered depending on the totality of the eclipse. Moksha is the phase when the eclipse starts receding and the shadow moves away from the celestial body that marks the end of the eclipse. Visibility of all the three phases generally depends on climatic conditions at the time of eclipse. In case of total eclipse (sampoorna grahana) both Sparsha and Moksha are visible.

★★ Parvakala...

Entire period of eclipse is said to be a parvakala. Hence during this period offering prayer, punascharana of upadesa mantra, Pithru tarpana (thila) and dana (charity) are prescribed and considered to be highly sacred and celestial. It is said that bath at the beginning of eclipse, prayer, punascharana of upadesa mantra, tarpana during the mid time, charity (dana) during the closing time and bath again after the eclipse are very sacred and celestial and will have multiple effect. Chanting of Vedic manthras/sacred Sthothram will ward off the negative energy that gets activated during eclipse and protects from all negativity.

★★ Vedha Vichaara...

Eclipse is not an auspicious moment. Vedha means an affliction (pain or grief) to the celestial body Sun/Moon as the case may be. This period of pain or grief to the celestial body is spiritually known as Vedha which is not an auspicious period. It is considered as a mourning period. Just like one cannot or does not feel like eating or drinking in the event of a calamity or mishappening at home, similarly it is prescribed to abstain from eating or drinking during the hour of grief (Vedha) to the celestial body while the universal repositioning is taking place.

According to the sacred texts like Dharma Shastras, duration of Vedha during Eclipse is based on the concept of Prahara or Yaama which indicates the time element. A Prahara is a unit of time equivalent to 1/8th of a day and similarly a Yaama is also a unit of time which is equivalent to three hours.

Inauspicious period otherwise known as Vedha begins about four Praharas/Yaamaas before solar eclipse and three praharas/Yaamaas before lunar eclipse. That means Vedha begins 12 hours (30 ghatis) before the commencement of a solar eclipse and 9 hours (22½ ghatis) before a lunar eclipse begins in general.

In case it is Lunar eclipse and Grasthodaya (eclipse already in progress at the time of Moonrise) Vedha will be for four Praharaas/Yaamaas. That means it begins 12 hours before the commencement of lunar eclipse.

★★★★★★★★ Dharbha (Kusa Grass) ★★★★★★★★

We find in Hindu philosophy people use Dharbha (Kusa Grass) during eclipse time for protection of water and food items from getting contaminated. Dharbha Grass is identified with Lord Vishnu and is believed to possess the power to purify anything. It is an age old tradition in Hindu families to cover the food items with Dharbha during eclipse to protect them from harmful ultra violet radiation.

★★★★★ Eclipse (Grahana) from a Hindu perspective ★★★★★
(Significance of Rahu/Kethu during Eclipse)

Pouranic reference to eclipse can be found in Srimad Bhagavatha; Mahabharatha and other Vishnu related puranas. According to Hindu philosophy it is believed that eclipses are caused by Rahu and Kethu. In Bhagavatha purana a sizeable reference as to why Rahu and Kethu are responsible for solar and lunar eclipses is made in the context of churning of the sea, origin of the pot of Amruta, and Lord Maha Vishnu taking the form of a Mohini (Mohini Avathara) to help the devathas. In Navagraha Sthothram composed by sage Sri Vedavyasa description of Rahu is well suited to the reference of an eclipse.

Ardha Kaayam Mahaa Veeram
Chandraaditya Vimardhanam
Simhikagarbha-sambhootham
Tham Raahum Pranamaamyaham

Astronomically Rahu and Kethu denote two points of intersection of the paths of the Sun and Moon as they move on the celestial sphere responsible for creating shadow effect on Sun and Moon during eclipse. They are called north and south lunar nodes (ascending and descending nodes). The fact that eclipses occur when Sun and Moon are at one of these points gives rise to an impression of swallowing of the Sun/Moon. An eclipse (solar/lunar) could be Rahugrastha where ascending node Rahu is involved or could be Kethugrastha where the descending node Kethu is involved.

★★★★★★ Schedule of the current Solar Eclipse ★★★★★★

The solar eclipse that is taking place on March 9th 2016 is providing a rare time window to connect to all the 9 planets simultaneously. The New Moon will be just 3 minutes away from the South Node Ketu, placing themselves at 27:57 degrees and 27:54 degrees in the Jupiter star PURVABHADRAPADA, intercepting the light of the Sun, causing the solar eclipse. Thus eclipse will take place in the star PURVA BHADRAPADA, ruled by Jupiter in the sign AQUARIUS. Adding to the speciality, Jupiter will be aspecting the eclipse from its position in Leo.

The rarity of the event is due to the Jupiter Connection, with all the rest of the planets. In other words, all the 9 planets have placed themselves strategically, so as to display their excellent team dynamics.

★★ Nine Planet Team dynamics in full swing

The 9 planets have split themselves as 3 groups
Jupiter + Rahu in Leo
Mars + Saturn in Scorpio
Sun + Moon+ Ketu + Mercury + Venus in Aquarius
All 3 groups are SQUARE to each other; that is, they are occupying 4-7-10 positions to each other.
This is a special Yoga. Involving oneself in prayer and chanting mantra will bring good transformation, fulfilment of desires, accomplishment of goal, get rid of negative energies etc.

Date of Eclipse: 09.03.2016

Weekday: Wednesday (Budhavaara)

Lunar Day: Sri Manmathanaama Samvatsara Maagha Bahula Amaavaasya

Type of Eclipse: Total/Partial Solar Eclipse (Kethugrastha Grasthodya Surya Grahana)

Visibility (India): From the time of Sunrise (check Sunrise time locally)

Visibility (others): South East Asia including India, Nepal, Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, Japan, Australia, North Pacific Ocean.

Non-visible areas in India: Some of the non visible areas are Mumbai, Pune. Vadodara, Surat, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Udaipur, Chandigarh, Panaji, Mangalore, Udupi, Hubli;

Eclipse Time (as per IST): Ranging from 05.46 hrs to 06.54 hrs (depending on the place of visibility and sunrise time);

Vedha: Starts from Sunset (08.03.2016) till end of eclipse;

★★★★★★★★ Astrological details of the Eclipse ★★★★★★★★

Eclipse Sign: Kumbha Raasi (Aquarius);

Eclipse constellation: Poorvabhadra Nakshathra;

★★★★★★★★ Effect on the zodiac signs ★★★★★★★★

Negative results: Kumbha (Aquarius); Meena (Pisces); Karkataka (Cancer); Vrischika (Scorpio)

Mixed results: Thula (Libra); Makara (Capricorn); Mithuna (Gemini); Simha (Leo);

Auspicious results: Dhanus (Sagittarius); Mesha (Aries); Vrushabha (Taurus); Kanya (Virgo)

Since eclipse is occurring in Kumbha Raasi (Aquarius) Poorvabhadra Nakshathra, those who are born in Poorvabhadra constellation and Moon sign of Kumbha Raasi may have to perform Grahana Dosha Shanti.

★★★ WHAT IS TO BE DONE DURING AN ECLIPSE TIME? ★★★
(Grahana Vichara)

Eclipse is the most opportune time to perform…

Snaana (Sachela snaana) before and after the Eclipse;

Prayer;

Punascharana of Upadesa Manthras (eg. Gayathri manthra),

Pithru Tharpana;

Giving charity;

Chanting of Vedic manthras/sacred stothras during eclipse will ward off the negative energy that gets activated during eclipse and protects from all negativity.

Those who are eligible (Tharpanaadhikari) should give Sarva Pithru Tharpana to fore-fathers with black Thila (Sesame) seeds with proper sankalpa during eclipse time.

During Vedha period, nithya karma like Snana, Sandhyavandana can be performed.

Snana (taking bath) after the Eclipse is a must and thereafter food can be taken after offering prayer depending on timings.

★★★★★ SUGGESTED PRAYERS (Eclipse specific) ★★★★★

Specific prayers to Lord Vishnu; Lord Sri Rama, Lord Hanuman; Sun God; Guru Sri Raaghavendra are required to be made during eclipse. Some of the useful prayers suggested during eclipse time are…

Gayathri Manthra Japa;
Sri Vishnu Sahasra Naama Stothra;
Sri Nrusimha Kavacham/Runa Vimochana Sri Nrusimha Stothra;
Sri Sanaischarakrutha Nrusimha Stuthi;
Sri Rama Raksha Stothra;
Sri Venkatesha Stothra (Brahmanda Purana);
Sri Venkateswara Vajra Kavacha Stothra;
Sri Hari-Vayu Stuthi/Yantroddhaaraka Hanumad Stothra;
Khila Vayu Stuthi;
Sri Raghavendra Stothra/Kavacha/Ashtaakshari;

Since the Eclipse is Kethu Grastha, praying Lord Ganehsa is also suggested;

One may choose any one or more of the above or any other useful Divine prayer based on their individual faith and according to their sampradaya; while the above list is only indicative but not exhaustive.

Those who cannot recite them can at least resort to chanting of...

Naaraayana Ashtaakshari/Dwadasaakshari;(or)
Sri Rama Naama (or)
Hare Rama-Hare Krishna Manthra; (or)
Nama Thraya Japa (Achyuta-Ananta-Govinda); (or)
Sri Raghavendra Ashtaakshari during Eclipse.

Praying Sri Guru Raayaru during Eclipse time is specifically prescribed;

Whenever there is a lunar or solar eclipse or during Pushya Star occurring on Sunday (Pushya-Arka Yoga), any person reciting Sri Raaghavendra Stothra 108 times with all sincerity and devotion will not have trouble from ghosts/devils and no evil befall on him.

Sri Appanaachaarya an ardent devotee and prime disciple of Sri Guru Raayaru in his famous hymn on Guru Raaghavendra (Sri Raaghavednra Stothra) emphasizes as follows....

Soma-Sooryo paraage cha pushyaarkaadi samaagame,
Yo anuthamam idham stotramashtothara satham japeth,
Bootha pretha pisachaadi peeda thasya na jaayathe

★★★★★ PITHRU THARAPANA SANKALPA SLOKA ★★★★★
(Current Solar Eclipse specific)

Sri Govinda - Govinda! Sri MahaVishnorAagnaaya,
Pravarthamanasya, Aadya Bramhane, Dwiteeya Parardhe,
Sri Swetha Varaaha Kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Kaliyuge,
Kali Prathama Charane, Bauddhavathare, Salivaahanasakhe,
Jambudweepe, Meror Dakshina bhage, Bharathavarshe,
Bharatha Khande, Godavari Dakshina theere……Sannidhau,

Asmin Varthamane, Vyavahaarike, Chaandramanena,
Sri Manmathanaama Sanvatsare, Uttaraayane, Shirsira Ruthau,
Maagha Maase, Krishna Pakshe, Amaavaasyayaam…
Soumya Vaasare, Vishnu Nakshatre, Vishnu Yoge,
Vishnu Karane;

evam guna visheshana visistaayaam; Punya thithau;

Praacheenavithi (Yagnopaveetham in apasavya position)

Samastha Pitrantharyaami…
Sri MadhvaVallabha SriMadhJanardhana Vaasudevah Preranaaya
Sri MadhvaVallabha SriMadhJanardhana Vaasudevah Preethyartham

Asmath Samastha Pithrunaam
Akshaya Punya Lokaavaapthyartham
Suryoparaaga Punyakaaley; Sraaddhaanga
Saddhyah Thila Tharpanam Karishye

After giving Thila Tharpana…

Samarpana sloka

Yasya smrithya cha naamokthyaa thapoyajnaa kriyadhishu
nyunam sampoornathaam yaathi sadhyo vande thamachyutham
manthraheenam kriyaheenam bhakthiheenam Janaardhana
yathkrutham thu mayaa deva paripoornam thadhasthu mey

Anena Mayaa - Suryoparaaga Kruthena
Samastha Pithru Thila Tharpanena
Samastha Pithrantharyaami Sri MadhvaVallabha
SriMadhJanardhana Vaasudevah
Priyathaam Supreetho Varado Bhavathu
Sri Krishnaarpanamasthu

Kaayena vaacha manasendri yairvaa
Buddhyaatmanaa vaa prakrite swabhavath
Karomi yadyat sakalam parasmai
Naarayanayethi samarpayaami

★★★★★★★★ GRAHANA DOSHA PARIHARA ★★★★★★★★

Since eclipse is occurring in the constellation of Poorvabhadra Nakshathra (Kumbha Raasi), those who are born in the constellation of Poorvabhadra may have to perform Grahana Shanti.

Those born in the Moon sign of Kumbha Raasi (Aquarius) and in the constellation of Poorvabhadra in particular should donate the following to a Brahmin along with Dakshine.

One Bronze/Copper plate (filled with ghee) +
Suvarna (Gold) Surya Bimba & Naga Bimba +
Vasthra (Clothes) along with

Wheat (Sun)
Horse Gram (whole grain) (Kethu); +
Black Thila

Sankalpa sloka while giving charity (Bimba Daana)
------------------------------------------------------------
Suryagrahaantaryaami Sri Bharatheeramana Mukhyapraanaanthargatha Sri Lakshminaarasimha preranaaya
Sri Lakshminaarasimha preethyartham
Suryoparaaga-peeda-parihaaraartham
Sanaaga Suryabimba-daanamaham karishye

Any Eclipse time is sacred and the entire period of Eclipse is known as Parva Kala (most sacred time).

Any sacred rituals or rites performed during Parvakaala will derive more merits than those performed during ordinary times.

Hence, don’t waste the Eclipse time with materialistic pursuits and activities.


https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-Qg77kFyGfho/VuOVcvfzNqI/AAAAAAAAjM4/9jhUdNwYggs/w506-h750/2016%2B-%2B1
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https://plus.google.com/116192361124024978313 SANJAY BALE : An Eclliptical Sunset This is the view from the hill just above "The Wave" looking north out over the...
An Eclliptical Sunset

This is the view from the hill just above "The Wave" looking north out over the valley.

This is during the Annular eclipse so we got sunset a bit earlier than day... it was a little eerie to see sunset like colors and lighting so early in the evening.

I figured this scene might be a one of a kind shot to get sunset on this valley because usually the mountain blocks the sunset colors from ever hitting this valley.

Technically this is a couple minutes after the perfectly centered eclipse.
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https://plus.google.com/111617004344776699059 Sci-Fi Asia Forum : Solar Eclipse on 9th March to be seen in South East Asia. Wednesday's solar eclipse will happen between...
Solar Eclipse on 9th March to be seen in South East Asia. 

Wednesday's solar eclipse will happen between approximately 

7.20am and 9.30am SIN/HK/KL time which is 6.20am Thai/JKT 8.30am Thai/JKT time. 

The peak of the solar eclipse will be at 8.23am, where a maximum of 87 per cent of the sun is expected to be obscured by the moon when viewed from Singapore.

WHERE CAN I VIEW IT?

The Astronomical Society of Singapore says one can get an unobstructed view of the eastern horizon from anywhere in Singapore, at a compass heading of 94 degrees in order to view the eclipse.

WHAT ARE THE OTHER TYPES OF SOLAR ECLIPSES?

The solar eclipse on Wednesday will be a partial eclipse, which is the most common out of the three types of eclipses.

Total eclipses occur when the sun is completely covered by the moon when viewed from the earth's surface, while partial eclipses occur when a portion of the sun is obscured by the moon.

The last type of solar eclipse, known as the annular eclipse, occurs when the sun and moon are completely in line with each other in relation to the viewer on earth, but the apparent size of the moon is smaller than the sun.

This forms a light around the moon from the viewer's perspective, commonly known as the "ring of fire".

HOW OFTEN DO SOLAR ECLIPSES OCCUR?

Solar eclipses occur once every 18 months according to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa), but they can be viewed only from a specific region on earth due to the small size of the shadow formed by the eclipse.

In Singapore, 146 eclipses have been or will be seen from the year 1700 to 2100. The last eclipse happened in January 2009, while the next solar eclipse, an annular one, will occur on Dec 26, 2019.
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-ClZB-7Bk6WM/Vt4-q1IYXDI/AAAAAAAABKc/G-16WSksUpo/w506-h750/160304-solar-eclipse-chng-onlinev1.jpg
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https://plus.google.com/114214904807121689880 cast man : The next one will be a total solar eclipse on March 9, 2016. According to Geoff Gaherty of Starry Night...
The next one will be a total solar eclipse on March 9, 2016. According to Geoff Gaherty of Starry Night Education, the moon will be close to perigee for this eclipse, leading to a long period of totality, just over four minutes. The eclipse will begin over the Indian Ocean, and the moon’s shadow first makes landfall on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.

It then passes over Borneo, Sulawesi and Halmahera, before heading out into the Pacific Ocean, ending north of Hawaii. The partial eclipse will be visible over southern and eastern Asia, northern and western Australia, and much of the Pacific, including Hawaii. The times of maximum eclipse at major cities (Universal Time):

Darwin — 00:47
Fairbanks — 03:08
Guangzhou — 00:58
Ho Chi Minh — 00:34
Hong Kong — 00:58
Honolulu — 03:37
Jakarta — 00:22
Kuala Lumpur — 00:24
Madras — 00:51
Manila — 00:58
Phnom Pénh — 00:34
Singapore — 00:24
Tokyo — 02:09
On Sept. 1, 2016, an annular eclipse will be visible over most of Africa, the southern Arabian Peninsula, and much of the Indian Ocean. Maximum eclipse occurs in Antarctica at 09:07 UT.

How Solar Eclipses Work: When the moon covers up the sun, skywatchers delight in the opportunity to see a rare spectacle.
How Solar Eclipses Work: When the moon covers up the sun, skywatchers delight in the opportunity to see a rare spectacle. See how solar eclipses occur in this
Types of solar eclipses
There are four types of solar eclipses: total, annular, partial and hybrid. Here’s what causes each type:
Watch the video: Solar eclipse on March 9: What you need to know and where to view it in World
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/OKNlcHgSVod1d9JZy0d3LCq5Tytehyxbb3K_VP50ugdc9L_YP9FioBkXcey4ewWlT2ajfXi9nTO9WWU3ZNKumg=w506-h284-n
The next one will be a total solar eclipse on March 9, 2016. According to Geoff Gaherty of Starry Night Education, the moon will be close to perigee for this eclipse, leading to a long period of totality, just over four minutes. The eclipse will begin over the Indian Ocean, and the moon’s shadow first makes landfall on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. It then passes over Borneo, Sulawesi and Halmahera, before heading out into the Pacific Ocean, ending north of Hawaii. The partial eclipse will be visible over southern and eastern Asia, northern and western Australia, and much of the Pacific, including Hawaii. The times of maximum eclipse at major cities (Universal Time): Darwin — 00:47 Fairbanks — 03:08 Guangzhou — 00:58 Ho Chi Minh — 00:34 Hong Kong — 00:58 Honolulu — 03:37 Jakarta — 00:22 Kuala Lumpur — 00:24 Madras — 00:51 Manila — 00:58 Phnom Pénh — 00:34 Singapore — 00:24 Tokyo — 02:09 On Sept. 1, 2016, an annular eclipse will be visible over most of Africa, the southern Arab...
1 month ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/108957512898283234534 Dyann Rogers : October 23, 2014 - Partial Solar Eclipse visible in North America I share an interesting news, seen...
October 23, 2014 - Partial Solar Eclipse visible in North America

I share an interesting news, seen here>>
https://www.facebook.com/NASA.Little.SDO/photos/a.118111491569416.9250.118107518236480/730469177000308/?type=1&theater

There are three types of solar eclipses.

The first is a total solar eclipse. A total solar eclipse is only visible from a small area on Earth. The people who see the total eclipse are in the center of the moon’s shadow when it hits Earth. The sky becomes very dark, as if it were night. For a total eclipse to take place, the Sun, Moon and Earth must be in a direct line.

The second type of solar eclipse is a partial solar eclipse. This happens when the Sun, Moon and Earth are not exactly lined up. The sun appears to have a dark shadow on only a small part of its surface.

The third type is an annular (ANN you ler) solar eclipse. An annular eclipse happens when the moon is farthest from Earth. Because the moon is farther away from Earth, it seems smaller. It does not block the entire view of the Sun. The Moon in front of the Sun looks like a dark disk on top of a larger sun-colored disk. This creates what looks like a ring around the Moon.

Observation times in the United States can be found here>> 
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHtables/OH2014-Tab05.pdf

Observation times in Canada and Mexico can be found here>>
http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/OH/OHtables/OH2014-Tab04.pdf

Credit: NASA

#partial_solar_eclipse #astronomy #space #science
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https://plus.google.com/100776229781542146941 Adventures Within Reach : Annular Eclipse over Tanzania on September 1, 2016 -- a great time to climb Kilimanjaro or go on safari...
Annular Eclipse over Tanzania on September 1, 2016 -- a great time to climb Kilimanjaro or go on safari! @awradventures #bucketlist

For those of you looking for something unique, on September 1, 2016, you should take advantage of the opportunity to view an annular eclipse passing through Tanzania.   An annular eclipse is when the moon passes in front of the sun and leaves a “ring of…
Annular Eclipse over Tanzania – September 1, 2016
For those of you looking for something unique, on September 1, 2016, you should take advantage of the opportunity to view an annular eclipse passing through Tanzania. An annular eclipse is when t…
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https://plus.google.com/113343502910454590025 Martin Lunn : Astrognome Scrapbook Attila the Hun and the Solar Eclipse Attila the Hun and Solar Eclipse On February...
Astrognome Scrapbook Attila the Hun and the Solar Eclipse
Attila the
Hun and Solar Eclipse On February
24 th 453 an annular eclipse was visible over Italy late in the
afternoon. It occurred at the time that Attila the Hun was attacking the Rome. It was said
that there was much shedding of innocent blood and the ec...
Astrognome Scrapbook Attila the Hun and the Solar Eclipse
Attila the Hun and Solar Eclipse On February 24th 453 an annular eclipse was visible over Italy late in the afternoon. It occurred at the time that Attila the Hun was attacking the Rome. It was said that there w...
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https://plus.google.com/100355496734174028711 Rassim “XfileComander” Mig : Total Solar Eclipse 2016 watch online 9 march http://www.xissufotoday.space/2016/02/total-solar-eclipse...
Total Solar Eclipse 2016 watch online 9 march

http://www.xissufotoday.space/2016/02/total-solar-eclipse-2016-watch-online.html
Solar eclipses occur when the Moon’s orbit passes directly between the Earth and the Sun, obscuring part or all of the solar disk. There are several types of solar eclipses, including annular and partial eclipses (when the Moon only obscures a portion of the Sun), and the incredible sight of a Total Solar Eclipse.
So why are there different types of eclipses? The type of eclipse depends on a number of factors having to do with the distance of the Earth from the Sun, and the distance of the Moon from the Earth. Since the orbit of both the Earth around the Sun and the Moon around the Earth are elliptical, the distances between the three bodies changes. When those orbits don’t match up perfectly, you end up with a partial or annular eclipse. But when they match up perfectly — when the Sun and Moon appear the same size in the sky — that’s when the magic happens, if only for a brief few moments.
Total Solar Eclipse 2016 watch online 9 march
Though total solar eclipses occur once every 18 months or so, they are only visible from very specific, and sometimes very remote, locations. Such is the case this March, when totality will be visible only in certain island n...
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https://plus.google.com/104450368314467237862 Zady OramaVega : Science and Spirituality Legendary scientist Carl Sagan, reminding us of the potentiality of Science...
Science and Spirituality

Legendary scientist Carl Sagan, reminding us of the potentiality of Science and Spirituality to mutually enhance one another.

“The notion that science and spirituality are somehow mutually exclusive does a disservice to both.”

----------------

[ False Dichotomy ]

The friction between science and religion stretches from Galileo’s famous letter to today’s leading thinkers. And yet we’re seeing that, for all its capacity for ignorance, religion might have some valuable lessons for secular thought and the two need not be regarded as opposites.

[ Scientific and Spiritual ]

In 1996, mere months before his death, the great Carl Sagan — cosmic sage, voracious reader, hopeless romantic — explored the relationship between the scientific and the spiritual in The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark. He writes:

Plainly there is no way back. Like it or not, we are stuck with science. We had better make the best of it. When we finally come to terms with it and fully recognize its beauty and its power, we will find, in spiritual as well as in practical matters, that we have made a bargain strongly in our favor.

But superstition and pseudoscience keep getting in the way, distracting us, providing easy answers, dodging skeptical scrutiny, casually pressing our awe buttons and cheapening the experience, making us routine and comfortable practitioners as well as victims of credulity.

[ Transcendent Meta-mind ]

And yet science, Sagan argues, isn’t diametrically opposed to spirituality. He echoes Ptolemy’s timeless awe at the cosmos and reflects on what Richard Dawkins has called the magic of reality, noting the intense spiritual elevation that science is capable of producing:

In its encounter with Nature, science invariably elicits a sense of reverence and awe. The very act of understanding is a celebration of joining, merging, even if on a very modest scale, with the magnificence of the Cosmos. And the cumulative worldwide build-up of knowledge over time converts science into something only a little short of a trans-national, trans-generational meta-mind.

[ Elation and Humility ]

“Spirit” comes from the Latin word “to breathe.” What we breathe is air, which is certainly matter, however thin. Despite usage to the contrary, there is no necessary implication in the word “spiritual” that we are talking of anything other than matter (including the matter of which the brain is made), or anything outside the realm of science. On occasion, I will feel free to use the word. Science is not only compatible with spirituality; it is a profound source of spirituality. When we recognize our place in an immensity of light years and in the passage of ages, when we grasp the intricacy, beauty and subtlety of life, then that soaring feeling, that sense of elation and humility combined, is surely spiritual. So are our emotions in the presence of great art or music or literature, or of acts of exemplary selfless courage such as those of Mohandas Gandhi or Martin Luther King Jr. The notion that science and spirituality are somehow mutually exclusive does a disservice to both.

[ Ethical Decision Making ]

Reminding us once again of his timeless wisdom on the vital balance between skepticism and openness and the importance of evidence, Sagan goes on to juxtapose the accuracy of science with the unfounded prophecies of religion:

Not every branch of science can foretell the future — paleontology can’t — but many can and with stunning accuracy. If you want to know when the next eclipse of the Sun will be, you might try magicians or mystics, but you’ll do much better with scientists. They will tell you where on Earth to stand, when you have to be there, and whether it will be a partial eclipse, a total eclipse, or an annular eclipse. They can routinely predict a solar eclipse, to the minute, a millennium in advance. You can go to the witch doctor to lift the spell that causes your pernicious anaemia, or you can take vitamin Bl2. If you want to save your child from polio, you can pray or you can inoculate. If you’re interested in the sex of your unborn child, you can consult plumb-bob danglers all you want (left-right, a boy; forward-back, a girl – or maybe it’s the other way around), but they’ll be right, on average, only one time in two. If you want real accuracy (here, 99 per cent accuracy), try amniocentesis and sonograms. Try science.

[ Predicting the Future ]

Think of how many religions attempt to validate themselves with prophecy. Think of how many people rely on these prophecies, however vague, however unfulfilled, to support or prop up their beliefs. Yet has there ever been a religion with the prophetic accuracy and reliability of science? There isn’t a religion on the planet that doesn’t long for a comparable ability — precise, and repeatedly demonstrated before committed skeptics — to foretell future events. No other human institution comes close.
Carl Sagan on Science and Spirituality
“The notion that science and spirituality are somehow mutually exclusive does a disservice to both.”
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https://plus.google.com/113860817219157802133 Africa Geographic : When day suddenly turns to night, with a ring of fire, you will want to be on safari
When day suddenly turns to night, with a ring of fire, you will want to be on safari
Don't miss the annular eclipse this year in Tanzania - Africa Geographic
The centreline of an annular eclipse will pass over Katavi National Park, where a privileged few can witness this 'ring of fire' on safari.
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https://plus.google.com/113343502910454590025 Martin Lunn : Astrognome Scrapbook Nat Turner and the Annular Eclipse Nat Turner The black slave preacher Nat Turner...
Astrognome Scrapbook Nat Turner and the Annular Eclipse
Nat Turner The black
slave preacher Nat Turner witnessed an annular eclipse of the Sun on February
12 th 1831. It was seen
as a vision from God of a “black angel” overtaking a “white angel”. Turner saw
another astronomical spectacle a naked eye sunspot on A...
Astrognome Scrapbook Nat Turner and the Annular Eclipse
Nat Turner The black slave preacher Nat Turner witnessed an annular eclipse of the Sun on February 12th 1831. It was seen as a vision from God of a “black angel” overtaking a “white angel”. Turner saw another astrono...
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https://plus.google.com/104431048317603772915 Onemorepost : The moon passing in front of the Sun in an annular eclipse
The moon passing in front of the Sun in an annular eclipse
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-pGV81Svo20k/Vqx9-AYXEvI/AAAAAAAARQ8/_Zg2DgXEq1I/w506-h750/d347d275-616f-4f29-9a34-835dab76303e
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https://plus.google.com/115420412321171532102 Max Gusev :

Annular Eclipse [White Delta Records]
Annular Eclipse [White Delta Records] is available for download on Beatport, the world's largest DJ and electronic music community.
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https://plus.google.com/112322144980568031576 bebe nina : #27 #140 #444 #Messenger #RingOfFire #Cincin #Ring #Annular #Eclipse #OneOfAKind ... #Aquarian How...
#27 #140 #444 #Messenger #RingOfFire #Cincin #Ring #Annular

#Eclipse #OneOfAKind ...
#Aquarian

How We can Understand #Bible #Quran if we do not Try to search the #Fact n #Reality ...#ScienceFact #Astronomy #Astrology

#Sign n #Wonder ...

Should i just keep Quite ???

#God inherit the #KingdomofHeaven #HiTechnology #UFOs to all people which believe in Messenger ... 
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-EENAF22Gl3o/Vo0l4BlIxII/AAAAAAABRE8/zkf0nlQ9_G0/w506-h750/16%2B-%2B1
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https://plus.google.com/101597638051224503115 Suriya M : spot the earth Looking Back at an Eclipsed Earth   What's that dark spot on planet Earth? It's the ...
spot the earth
Looking Back at an Eclipsed Earth 

What's that dark spot on planet Earth? It's the shadow of the Moon. The above image of Earth was taken 2012 May 21 by MTSAT during an annular eclipse of the Sun. The dark spotappears quite unusual as clouds are white and the oceans are blue in this color corrected image. Earthlings residing within the dark spot would see part of the Sun blocked by the Moon and so receive less sunlight than normal. Thespot moved across the Earth at nearly 2,000 kilometers per hour, giving many viewers less than two hours to see apartially eclipsed Sun. MTSAT circles the Earth in a geostationary orbit and so took the above image from about three Earth-diameters away. Sky enthusiasts might want to keep their eyes pointed upward this coming week as a partial eclipse of the Moon will occur on June 4 and a transit of Venus across the face of the Sun will occur on June 5.


https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-0BHRFSurCuM/Vj7hAhilSZI/AAAAAAAAVO4/aADSMomgwzM/w506-h750/%25DB%25B1%25DB%25B7%2B%25D9%2587%25E2%2580%258D.%25D8%25B4.%2B-%2B1
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https://plus.google.com/108089039190844791917 Ogaitnas Luap : Planet Venus and a Rare Solar Eclipse This looks like your brain on drugs, but it's actually a rare...
Planet Venus and a Rare Solar Eclipse

This looks like your brain on drugs, but it's actually a rare solar eclipse in which Venus moved between the Sun and the Earth the way the Moon usually does.

Venus looked like a thin crescent until it was perfectly aligned with the Sun, creating a Venusian annular eclipse with a ring of fire. The Solar Dynamics Observatory imaged the Sun in three colors of UV light, producing data for this image.

The next Venusian solar eclipse will occur in 2117, so you'll have time to enjoy this photo for awhile before it's challenged by something even crazier.
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-Wt_yDh4NKxY/VoSqHAx-yKI/AAAAAAAB22k/9p9eNg1ztho/w506-h750/Planet%2BVenus%2Band%2Ba%2BRare%2BSolar%2BEclipse.jpg
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