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Most recent 19 results returned for keyword: So Sophisticated (Search this on MAP)

https://plus.google.com/111845840760852566012 Positive Music : Rick Ross - So Sophisticated (Explicit) ft. Meek Mill #RickRoss #SoSophisticated #MeekMill
Rick Ross - So Sophisticated (Explicit) ft. Meek Mill

#RickRoss #SoSophisticated #MeekMill
Watch the video: Rick Ross - So Sophisticated (Explicit) ft. Meek Mill
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Music video by Rick Ross performing So Sophisticated (Explicit). © 2012 The Island Def Jam Music Group
10 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/115185634124346034723 RAM.S.V.J Sri : Who is Shiva? Many stories and legends surround this most prominent figure of Indian spiritual traditions...
Who is Shiva? Many stories and legends surround this most prominent figure of Indian spiritual traditions. Is he a god? Or a myth constructed from Hindu culture’s collective imagination? Or is there a deeper meaning to Shiva, revealed only to those who seek?
Sadhguru: When we say “Shiva,” there are two fundamental aspects that we are referring to. The word “Shiva” means literally, “that which is not.” Today, modern science is proving to us that everything comes from nothing and goes back to nothing. The basis of existence and the fundamental quality of the cosmos is vast nothingness. The galaxies are just a small happening – a sprinkling. The rest is all vast empty space, which is referred to as Shiva. That is the womb from which everything is born, and that is the oblivion into which everything is sucked back. Everything comes from Shiva and goes back to Shiva.
The word “Shiva” means literally, “that which is not.” On another level, when we say “Shiva,” we are referring to a certain yogi, the Adiyogi or the first yogi, and also the Adi Guru, the first Guru.
So Shiva is described as a non-being, not as a being. Shiva is not described as light, but as darkness. Humanity has gone about eulogizing light only because of the nature of the visual apparatus that they carry. Otherwise, the only thing that is always, is darkness. Light is a limited happening in the sense that any source of light – whether a light bulb or the sun – will eventually lose its ability to give out light. Light is not eternal. It is always a limited possibility because it happens and it ends. Darkness is a much bigger possibility than light. Nothing needs to burn, it is always – it is eternal. Darkness is everywhere. It is the only thing that is all pervading.
But if I say “divine darkness,” people think I am a devil worshiper or something. In fact, in some places in the West it is being propagated that Shiva is a demon! But if you look at it as a concept, there isn’t a more intelligent concept on the planet about the whole process of creation and how it has happened. I have been talking about this in scientific terms without using the word “Shiva” to scientists around the world, and they are amazed, “Is this so? This was known? When?” We have known this for thousands of years. AlmoThe First Yogi
On another level, when we say “Shiva,” we are referring to a certain yogi,the Adiyogi or the first yogi, and also the Adi Guru, the first Guru, who is the basis of what we know as the yogic science today. Yoga does not mean standing on your head or holding your breath. Yoga is the science and technology to know the essential nature of how this life is created and how it can be taken to its ultimate possibility.
st every peasant in India knows about it unconsciously. He talks about it without even knowing the science behind it.
This first transmission of yogic sciences happened on the banks of Kanti Sarovar, a glacial lake a few miles beyond Kedarnath in the Himalayas, where Adiyogi began a systematic exposition of this inner technology to his first seven disciples, celebrated today as the Sapta Rishis. This predates all religion. Before people devised divisive ways of fracturing humanity to a point where it seems almost impossible to fix, the most powerful tools necessary to raise human consciousness were realized and propagated.
One and the Same
So “Shiva” refers to both “that which is not,” and Adiyogi, because in many ways, they are synonymous. This being, who is a yogi, and that non-being, which is the basis of the existence, are the same, because to call someone a yogi means he has experienced the existence as himself. If you have to contain the existence within you even for a moment as an experience, you have to be that nothingness. Only nothingness can hold everything. Something can never hold everything. A vessel cannot hold an ocean. This planet can hold an ocean, but it cannot hold the solar system. The solar system can hold these few planets and the sun, but it cannot hold the rest of the galaxy. If you go progressively like this, ultimately you will see it is only nothingness that can hold everything. The word “yoga” means “union.” A yogi is one who has experienced the union. That means, at least for one moment, he has been absolute nothingness.
When we talk about Shiva as “that which is not,” and Shiva as a yogi, in a way they are synonymous, yet they are two different aspects. Because India is a dialectical culture, we shift from this to that and that to this effortlessly. One moment we talk about Shiva as the ultimate, the next moment we talk about Shiva as the man who gave us this whole process of yoga.
Who Shiva is Not!
Unfortunately, most people today have been introduced to Shiva only through Indian calendar art. They have made him a chubby-cheeked, blue-colored man because the calendar artist has only one face. If you ask for Krishna, he will put a flute in his hand. If you ask for Rama, he will put a bow in his hand. If you ask for Shiva, he will put a moon on his head, and that’s it!
Every time I see these calendars, I always decide to never ever sit in front of a painter. Photographs are all right – they capture you whichever way you are. If you look like a devil, you look like a devil. Why would a yogi like Shiva look chubby-cheeked? If you showed him skinny it would be okay, but a chubby-cheek Shiva – how is that?
In the yogic culture, Shiva is not seen as a God. He was a being whowalked this land and lived in the Himalayan region. As the very source of the yogic traditions, his contribution in the making of human consciousness is too phenomenal to be ignored. Every possible way in which you could approach and transform the human mechanism into an ultimate possibility was explored thousands years ago. The sophistication of it is unbelievable. The question of whether people were so sophisticated at that time is irrelevant because this did not come from a certain civilization or thought process. This came from an inner realization. This had nothing to do with what was happening around him. It was just an outpouring of himself. In great detail, he gave a meaning and a possibility of what you could do with every point in the human mechanism. You cannot change a single thing even today because he said everything that could be said in such beautiful and intelligent ways. You can only spend your lifetime trying to decipher it.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-DGVcqfu07c4/VJKCSzna7zI/AAAAAAAAAXo/10zYmEbpPGA/w506-h750/dhyana.jpg
14 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/112530690883711179388 Seth. : I feel so sophisticated with my new pfp 😂😂😂😂😂
I feel so sophisticated with my new pfp 😂😂😂😂😂 
1 day ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/114000863352669126869 Behrad Nakhai : Israeli minister: Iran doesn’t need one centrifuge Posted at 11:44 pm by: CNN's Jason Miks Categories...
Israeli minister: Iran doesn’t need one centrifuge
Posted at 11:44 pm by: CNN's Jason Miks
Categories: GPS Show
↓ Skip to comments

Fareed speaks with Naftali Bennett, the economic minister in Benjamin Netanyahu’s cabinet, about Iran’s nuclear program. Watch the full interview on GPS this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN.

Iran — you have said that you thought a bad deal would lead to war, but a good deal could lead to peace. So the question is, do you regard the deal that is under discussion as a good deal or a bad deal?

From what we can tell, the area where they seem to be at right now is that Iran would go from about 19,000 centrifuges to somewhere in the range of between 5,000 and 7,000 or 8,000 centrifuges. Is that a sufficient reduction which would lengthen the lead time before Iran could potentially do something which can make them produce weapons grade uranium?

That’s a very bad deal. Iran doesn’t need one centrifuge. Canada has nuclear energy. Spain has nuclear energy. Switzerland has nuclear energy and they don’t enrich uranium. You don’t need to enrich uranium in order to use nuclear energy. You enrich uranium in order to produce a bomb. That’s why the U.N. Security Council came out with six consecutive resolutions that they should have not one centrifuge.

And suddenly we’re caving in to their whims, especially when Iran is on the floor. They’re under a significant economic pressure. It’s working. So when something works, you don’t let it up. Quite the contrary. That’s the point in negotiation where you insist, and, in fact, reinforce the sanctions. And we just want one simple thing – no enrichment within Iran. You can have all the nuclear energy you want for any peaceful uses, but no enrichment so you can’t acquire a nuclear weapon.

But it…

It’s so simple…

You know that this is essentially seems as though it’s a non-negotiable issue for Iran. So from your point of view, essentially, any deal that comes out is going to be one you will oppose?

No. Any deal that allows Iran to enrich uranium, which allows them to ultimately break out within a few months with a nuclear weapon, is a disaster for the world.

Can you imagine what will happen to the global economy if Iran comes out with a nuclear weapon? The whole area will enter a nuclear race – Saudi Arabia, Turkey. We’re going to have a nuclear nightmare in the very most dangerous area in the world. You know what it will do to your pension funds and to everyone’s money? It’s crazy. It will risk the West.

Why are we letting this? Why with open eyes walking into this trap?

We should be very clear, Iran no enrichment. We’re not going to let you acquire a nuclear weapon. It’s black and white. You don’t have to be so sophisticated. The U.N. already six times said that they cannot have one, you know, centrifuge. I don’t know why suddenly we’re caving in. This is a bad deal and we have to prevent it at all costs.
Israeli minister: Iran doesn't need one centrifuge
Fareed speaks with Naftali Bennett, the economic minister in Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet, about Iran's nuclear program. Watch the full interview on GPS this Sunday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. ET on CNN.
3 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/113999973241942349354 ralateef e. : "FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites" ...
"FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites"

http://bgr.com/2014/12/12/fbi-on-sony-pictures-hack/
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
The Sony Pictures hack saga is far from over, as more and more details come to light about the massive data breach the company suffered a few weeks ago. Unknown hackers identifying themselves onlin...
3 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/103254858835433875336 ICIT : Researchers have uncovered yet another international espionage campaign that's so sophisticated and ...
Researchers have uncovered yet another international espionage campaign that's so sophisticated and comprehensive that it could only have been developed with the backing of a well resourced country.

Inception, as the malware is dubbed in a report published Tuesday by Blue Coat Labs, targets devices running Windows, Android, BlackBerry, and iOS, and uses free accounts on Swedish cloud service Cloudme to collect pilfered data. Malware infecting Android handsets records incoming and outgoing phone calls to MP4 sound files that are periodically uploaded to the attackers. The researchers also uncovered evidence of an MMS phishing campaign designed to work on at least 60 mobile networks in multiple countries in an attempt to infect targeted individuals.

"There clearly is a well-resourced and very professional organization behind Inception, with precise targets and intentions that could be widespread and harmful," the Blue Coat report stated. "The complex attack framework shows signs of automation and seasoned programming, and the number of layers used to protect the payload of the attack and to obfuscate the identity of the attackers is extremely advanced, if not paranoid."
Nation-backed malware targets diplomats’ iPhones, Androids, and PCs
Researchers have uncovered yet another international espionage campaign that's so sophisticated and comprehensive that it could only have been developed with the backing of a well resourced country. Inception, as the malware is dubbed in a report published Tuesday by Blue Coat Labs, targets devices running Windows, Android, BlackBerry, and iOS, and uses free accounts on Swedish cloud service Cloudme to collect pilfered data. Malware infecting And...
5 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/113723063477673564597 Ronald Berrye : Hello, friends and haters! I dunno about you, but I'm personally not fond of Android 5.0 thanks to the...
Hello, friends and haters! I dunno about you, but I'm personally not fond of Android 5.0 thanks to the childish UI. Stock Android fanatics, however, are drooling over it. Who understands them though? TouchWiz used to be too 'cartoonish' as they'd call it, yet Android Lollipop is somehow Google's best creation! Like I've stated before, G+ is littered with hypocrites.I keep getting called a "Samsung Knight" for some odd reason since I am pro-Samsung. This seems to upset the many Nexus-Fanboys... They can't stand the thought of someone actually liking Samsung. Only God knows why they're so insecure. I mean, how could I not love Samsung? They make the best hardware and software. For example...The version of TouchWiz that is found in my Galaxy Note 4 is so sophisticated! So professional! So flawless! It's no-brainer why the Samsung Galaxy Note 4 is the best smartphone of late 2014 to early 2015. If you haven't done so already, make sure to make it your next device, although it is quite difficult to get your hands on it since most stores and retailers  are running out of stock quite quickly thanks to the high demand. 


#Android   #Samsung   #Lollipop   #SamsungKnights   #NexusFanboys  
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-WS7dOTkMaco/VFr6phSGLbI/AAAAAAAAfRA/eNbhNJNGrSA/w506-h750/KingOfAndroidVsClowns.png
5 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/110880719698535948928 Lukáš Petrovský : As we seek-out planets orbiting stars inside their habitable zones, astronomical techniques are becoming...
As we seek-out planets orbiting stars inside their habitable zones, astronomical techniques are becoming so sophisticated that, one day, we may be able to probe the atmosphere of a distant exo-Earth — i.e. a rocky exoplanet possessing liquid water on its surface with potential biosignatures in its atmosphere.

But let’s take this idea one step further.

If there’s one thing we are beginning to realize with exoplanetary studies, it’s that there is a huge variety of alien worlds out there and, of the billions of stars in our galaxy, just about every conceivable configuration of exoplanet size and orbit should be possible.

PHOTOS: How Aliens Can Find Us (and Vice Versa)

In a new study presented at the American Astronomical Society’s Division for Planetary Sciences meeting in Tucson, Ariz., earlier this month, researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) discussed the possibility of habitable binary planets; a configuration that, if the conditions are right, life could take root on both bodies orbiting inside the habitable zone of their star.

Probably the most familiar example of what could be considered to be a binary planet is that of the Pluto-Charon system. Although Charon is officially recognized as the biggest moon of Pluto and not a binary partner, in a recent Discovery News article I argued the case for making dwarf planet Pluto and satellite Charon a binary planet. Although this possibility was discussed in 2006 when the International Astronomical Union debated Pluto’s planetary status, eventually, the “dwarf planet” designation was (controversially) settled on.

In the case of Pluto and Charon, their barycenter (the point in space at which both masses orbit) is well above Pluto’s surface. The gravitational tugging of Charon is substantial, shifting their orbital focal point into the space between the two worlds. As observed by the fast-approaching NASA News Horizons spacecraft (that will flyby Pluto and its system of moons in July 2015), the two masses have a very distinctive wobble. In comparison, Earth’s moon does tug on Earth, but the Earth-moon system’s wobble creates a barycenter deep inside our planet near the Earth’s core.

ANALYSIS: Milky Way Stuffed with 50 Billion Alien Worlds

But say if, somewhere in the Milky Way, there are two worlds of approximately equal mass, in a binary dance like Pluto and Charon, orbiting their star at a distance where the temperature conditions are right for liquid water to persist on their surfaces?

As discussed by Caltech undergraduate student Keegan Ryan, graduate student Miki Nakajima and planetary scientist David Stevenson, this scenario isn’t that far fetched. During the formation of rocky planetary bodies around a star, it’s possible that two large masses may drift close enough to begin to gravitationally interact. This interaction can result in the merging of both masses to form a larger planet. Alternatively, the two masses may collide energetically, kicking up vast quantities of debris.

Scientists believe the latter scenario led to the formation of Earth’s only natural satellite; when another planetary body smashed into our young Earth, the debris produced coalesced to form the moon. The colliding body careened away from the Earth and was likely ejected from the solar system.

But say if there’s another collision scenario where two like-mass worlds interacted with one another, but did not merge or collide, instead becoming locked in a stable orbit around one another for billions of years.

NEWS: Billions of Habitable Worlds in Our Galaxy?

“There is a good reason to believe terrestrial binary planetary systems may be possible,” writes a Caltech press release. “In a grazing collision the angular momentum is too high to be contained within a single rotating body (it would fission) and if the bodies barely touch then they could retain their identity. However, it requires an encounter where the bodies are initially approaching each other at low enough velocity.”

Through the use of a computer model utilizing a method called Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), a collection of tens of thousands of interacting particles could be simulated. The method can be used to simulate the agglomeration of protoplanetary bodies and the formation and evolution of moons. But the researchers ran the simulation for a huge variety of initial conditions. Sure enough, though both masses undergo huge tidal distortions, planetary binaries of approximate Earth-like masses are possible. From this model, the possible exoplanetary binary configuration can be characterized and astronomers can begin hunting for observational evidence of their existence.

Due to their close proximity, these planetary binaries will be tidally locked, where one side of each world will continuously face one another. We are familiar with this scenario with Earth’s moon — the moon is tidally locked with Earth, showing only one hemisphere, the moon’s near-side.

GALLERY: Exquisite Exoplanetary Art

Though only imagined in science fiction to date, this Caltech simulation proves that, in exoplanetary studies where any configuration seems possible, a scenario where two bona fide Earth-like exoplanets could be locked in a stable binary system, potentially within their star’s habitable zone.

One can imagine looking up from one of those worlds where the second planet is constantly high in the sky, and as the binary system rotates, orbiting their star, the planet above progresses through its phases, much like the moon does around the Earth. Depending on how the binary is aligned relative to the star, there may even be periodic eclipse events where one world is cast into darkness by its binary twin blocking star light.

And what if alien life evolved on one or both of these worlds? And what if they became technologically advanced enough to travel between both planets? Though these musings are purely hypothetical, it does make you think that having a second habitable (or, at least,potentially habitable) world in a binary orbit with your own planet could motivate a fevered space race that would dwarf our space race of the 1960s. That could be the genesis of a powerful and sustained space-faring alien race.


https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-Aho6qizSdy0/VIr5hBtLQNI/AAAAAAAABsU/NZsUfPYhTew/w506-h750/12.12.14%2B-%2B1
6 days ago - Via Community - View -
https://plus.google.com/102947260686743702253 Rubens Saintel : What happened to Sony should have companies worried. The FBI says what happened to so Sony was so so...
What happened to Sony should have companies worried. The FBI says what happened to so Sony was so sophisticated a hack that it can penetrate 90% of net defenses. That is some hack and reason to take pause before sending those email that you thought were…
What Happened to Sony Should have Companies Worried
What happened to Sony should have companies worried. FBI says what happened to so Sony was so sophisticated a hack that it can penetrate 90% of net defenses
6 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/102793501727957651855 eric mccrory : FBI: "Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defense's" #appygeek #twt
FBI: "Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defense's" #appygeek #twt
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
The Sony Pictures hack saga is far from over, as more and more details come to light about the massive data breach the company suffered a few wee...
6 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/107984334526182574539 LatestNews : FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites http...
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites http://ow.ly/2RZ1IG
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
The Sony Pictures hack saga is far from over, as more and more details come to light about the massive data breach the company suffered a few weeks ago. Unknown hackers identifying themselves online as Guardians of Peace (GOP) managed to steal some 100 terabytes of data containing very sensitive information, including digital versions of …
6 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/108138380886466272390 KipFinch : FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites http...
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites http://ow.ly/2RYZwk
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
The Sony Pictures hack saga is far from over, as more and more details come to light about the massive data breach the company suffered a few weeks ago. Unknown hackers identifying themselves onlin...
6 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/109924510504100642470 BGR : FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
FBI: Sony hack so sophisticated it can penetrate 90% of net defenses, challenge government sites
The Sony Pictures hack saga is far from over, as more and more details come to light about the massive data breach the company suffered a few weeks ago. Unknown hackers identifying themselves onlin...
6 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/106128710965310359288 Photon Masaki : Bleach Name: Age: 13 Race: Black/Espada Gender: Male Affiliation: Aizen, Getsuga Kuroshinobi Profession...
Bleach
Name:
Age: 13
Race: Black/Espada
Gender: Male
Affiliation: Aizen, Getsuga Kuroshinobi
Profession: Espada
Division: Espada
Position:TBA
Abilities:
First Ressurecion:Asesino Vibora
Bankai: Doku baipa

[Any other info will be added after Getsuga Kuroshinobi or any others affiliated with him or rp related activities (So sophisticated XD) thank you all and i hope to rp really soon. Jk but seriously i'm glad to be here i'll rp with ya later 
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7 days ago - Via Community - View -
https://plus.google.com/103840696185421089971 Little Black Dress : Have you seen the stunning new Luxe Collection from Honor Gold? Sexy never looked so sophisticated...
Have you seen the stunning new Luxe Collection from Honor Gold? Sexy never looked so sophisticated... bit.ly/HonorGold
7 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/100030054699350096249 aercel s.p.a. : Eugeni Quitllet designs a precious collection of decorative vases made of transparent PMMA. The line...
Eugeni Quitllet designs a precious collection of decorative vases made of transparent PMMA. The line is composed of a vase and a table centre, distinctive for their elegant geometry and art deco inspiration The distinctiveness of these two vases is due to the finish of the plastic material, so sophisticated that it looks as if they were made of crystal. 
#design   #vases  
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-DFlbSGyE0yU/VIlQwGnwtuI/AAAAAAAAAuY/rlNewQtD5fQ/w506-h750/pmmavases.jpg
7 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/110860063551600993409 Kristina Knight, Romance Author : So I caved and started an Instagram account ... in which I post goofy pictures from my oh-so-sophisticated...
So I caved and started an Instagram account ... in which I post goofy pictures from my oh-so-sophisticated life: http://ow.ly/FGMVF
kristinaknightromanceauthor on Instagram
Kristina writes sassy contemporary romance novels, they have kissing in them. Married to RadioMan, mom to bebe, loves her dogs. And shoes.
8 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/113022587445167372146 MoneyHop.com : The author of this linked story is a little long-winded, but he says the big advantage of paying in ...
The author of this linked story is a little long-winded, but he says the big advantage of paying in bitcoins is that it enhances your financial privacy relative to credit cards.

With the theft of financial information of tens of millions of credit card users at Target, JP Morgan Chase, and Home Depot, the current system isn't working.

With Bitcoin, your purchases are made with a much higher, but not perfect, degree of privacy. Transactions are on the public Bitcoin blockchain, so sophisticated law enforcement officials can track funds without a search warrant.  Nevertheless, Bitcoin offers users superior privacy compared to the credit card system.

It's nice to see a mainstream media outlet running a positive piece on Bitcoin.
The real advantage of paying with bitcoin—commentary
Here's bitcoin's real selling point, says Trevor Murphy, the CTO of BitStash.
8 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/104472779640363925610 Cida berdague : Amazing Senses in the Animal World SCAMPERING about looking for food, the mouse feels safe in the darkness...
Amazing Senses in the Animal World
SCAMPERING about looking for food, the mouse feels safe in the darkness. But it does not anticipate the pit viper’s ability to “see” the heat radiating from the mouse’s warm body—a fatal misjudgment. A flounder lies completely concealed under a layer of sand in a shark pool, where a hungry shark is cruising in its general direction. The shark cannot see the flounder; yet, in the blink of an eye, the shark stops, plunges its nose into the sand, and devours its quarry.

Yes, the pit viper and the shark are examples of animals with specialized senses that humans do not have. On the other hand, many creatures have senses that are like our own but are more acute or able to capture a different range of perception. Eyes are a good example of this.

Eyes That See a Different World

The range of colors our eyes capture is but a minute fraction of the electromagnetic spectrum. For instance, our eyes cannot see infrared radiation, which has a longer wavelength than red light. However, pit vipers have two small organs, or pits, between their eyes and nostrils that detect infrared radiation.* Hence, even in the dark they can accurately strike at warm-blooded prey.

Beyond the violet end of the visible spectrum is ultraviolet (UV) light. Although unseen to our eyes, UV light is visible to many creatures, including birds and insects. Bees, for instance, orient themselves in relation to the sun—even on a partly cloudy day when it is hidden—by locating some blue sky and seeing the pattern formed by polarized UV light. Many flowering plants present patterns visible only in the UV range, and some flowers even have a “nectar marker”—a section with a contrasting UV reflectance—to point insects to the nectar. Certain fruits and seeds advertise themselves to birds in a similar way.

Because birds see in the UV range and because this light gives their plumage extra radiance, birds probably look more colorful to one another than to us. They have a visual “depth of richness that we can’t begin to imagine,” said one ornithologist. The ability to see UV light may even help certain hawks and kestrels to locate voles, or field mice. How so? Male voles, says the journal BioScience, “produce urine and feces containing chemicals that absorb UV, and mark their trails with urine.” Thus, birds can “identify areas of high vole density” and focus their efforts there.

Why Do Birds See So Well?

Bird vision is a marvel. “The chief reason,” says the book All the Birds of the Bible, “is that the image-forming tissue lining the eye’s interior is richer in visual cells than the eye of other creatures. The number of visual cells determines the ability of the eye to see small objects at a distance. While the retina of a man’s eye contains some 200,000 visual cells per square millimeter, most birds have three times that number, and hawks, vultures, and eagles have a million or more per square millimeter.” Additionally, some birds have the extra asset of two foveae—areas of maximum optical resolution—per eye, giving them a superior perception of distance and speed. Birds that catch flying insects are similarly endowed.

Birds also have an unusually soft lens that enables rapid focus. Imagine how dangerous life on the wing would be—especially in forests and thickets—if everything were a blur. Yes, what wisdom is manifest in the design of the avian eye!*

The Electric Sense

The scenario mentioned earlier involving the hidden flounder and the shark actually occurred during a scientific study of sharks. The researchers wanted to know if sharks and rays sensed the minute electric fields that emanate from living fish.* To find out, they hid electrodes in the sandy floor of the shark pool and applied the appropriate voltage. The result? As soon as the shark neared the electrodes, it viciously attacked them.

Sharks possess what is called passive electroreception; they sense electric fields just as the ear passively hears sound. But electric fish have active electroreception. Like a bat that emits an acoustic signal and reads the echo, these fish emit electric waves or pulses, depending on the species, and then, with special receptors, detect any disturbances made to these fields.* Thus electric fish can identify obstacles, potential prey, or even a mate.

A Built-in Compass

Think what life would be like if your body were equipped with a built-in compass. Getting lost would surely not be a problem! Within the body of a number of creatures, including honeybees and trout, scientists have found microscopic crystals of magnetite, or lodestone, a natural magnetic substance. The cells containing these crystals are connected to the nervous system. Hence, bees and trout have demonstrated the ability to detect magnetic fields. In fact, bees use the earth’s magnetic field for comb building and navigation.

Investigators have also discovered magnetite in a species of bacteria that live in seafloor sediment. When the sediment is stirred up, the earth’s magnetic field acts on the magnetite to align the bacteria in such a way that they propel themselves safely back into their seafloor home. Otherwise, they would die.

Many migratory animals—including birds, turtles, salmon, and whales—may also have a magnetic sense. However, they do not seem to rely on this sense alone but, rather, appear to navigate by a variety of senses. Salmon, for instance, probably use their strong sense of smell to find the stream of their birth. European starlings navigate by the sun; and some other birds, the stars. But as professor of psychology Howard C. Hughes observed in his book Sensory Exotica—A World Beyond Human Experience, “we are obviously a long way from understanding these and other mysteries of nature.”

Ears to Envy

Compared with humans, many creatures possess amazing hearing. Whereas we can hear sounds ranging from 20 to 20,000 hertz (cycles per second), dogs can hear in the range of 40 to 46,000 hertz, and horses, between 31 and 40,000 hertz. Elephants and cattle can even hear in the infrasonic range (just below human hearing) to as low as 16 hertz. Because low frequencies travel farther, elephants may be able to communicate over distances of two or more miles [4 km]. In fact, some researchers say that we could employ such animals to give us an early warning of earthquakes and severe weather disturbances—both of which emit infrasonic sound.

Insects also have a wide range of hearing, some in the ultrasonic range over two octaves above the human ear and others in the infrasonic range. A few insects hear by means of thin, flat, eardrumlike membranes, which are found on almost every part of the body except the head. Others hear with the aid of delicate hairs that respond not just to sound but also to the most gentle movements in the air, such as those caused by a human hand. This sensitivity explains why flies are so hard to swat!

Imagine being able to hear an insect’s footsteps! Such amazing hearing belongs to the world’s only flying mammal—the bat. Of course, bats require specialized hearing to navigate in the dark and to catch insects by means of echolocation, or sonar.* Says Professor Hughes: “Imagine a sonar system more sophisticated than that found in our most advanced submarines. Now imagine that system is used by a small bat that easily fits in the palm of your hand. All the computations that permit the bat to identify the distance, the speed, and even the particular species of insect target are performed by a brain that is smaller than your thumbnail!”

Because precise echolocation also depends on the quality of the sound signal emitted, bats have the “ability to control the pitch of their voice in ways that would be the envy of any opera singer,” says one reference.* Apparently by means of the flaps of skin on the noses of some species, bats can also focus sound into a beam. All these assets contribute to a sonar so sophisticated that it can produce an “acoustic image” of objects as fine as a human hair!

Besides bats, at least two kinds of birds—swiftlets of Asia and Australia and oilbirds of tropical America—also employ echolocation. However, it seems that they use this ability simply to navigate in the dark caves where they roost.

Sonar at Sea

Toothed whales also employ sonar, although scientists have yet to discover exactly how this works. Dolphin sonar begins with distinct clicks, which are believed to originate, not in the larynx, but in the nasal system. The melon—the bulb of fatty tissue on a dolphin’s forehead—focuses the sound into a beam that “illuminates” a zone in front of the animal. How do dolphins hear their echoes? Not with their ears, it seems, but with their lower jaw and associated organs, which connect to the middle ear. Significantly, this region contains the same kind of fat as that found in the dolphin’s melon.

Dolphin sonar clicks are strikingly similar to a mathematical waveform called a Gabor function. This function, says Hughes, proves that dolphin clicks “approach a mathematically idealized sonar signal.”

Dolphins can adjust the power of their sonar clicks from a mere whisper to a cracking 220 decibels. How powerful is that? Well, loud rock music can produce 120 decibels, and artillery fire 130 decibels. Armed with sonar that is much more powerful, dolphins can detect things as small as a three-inch [8 cm] ball 400 feet [120 m] away and possibly even farther in quiet waters.

When you reflect on the amazing senses manifest in the living world, does it not fill you with awe and wonder? Humble, informed people usually feel that way—which brings us back to the question of how we are made. True, our senses often pale beside those of certain animals and insects. Nevertheless, we alone are moved by what we observe in nature. Why do we have such feelings? And why do we seek not just to understand living things but to comprehend their purpose and to learn our own place among them?

There are about 100 species of pit vipers, including copperheads, rattlesnakes, and water moccasins.

When submerged in water, all living creatures, humans included, project a minute, but detectable, electric field.

The electric fish we are referring to here produce only a minute charge. They are not to be confused with electric fish that produce much higher voltages, such as electric rays and eels, which stun either in defense or in the capture of prey. Electric eels can even kill a horse!

The bat family comprises about 1,000 species. Contrary to the popular view, all have good eyes, but not all use echolocation. Some, like fruit bats, use their excellent night vision to find food.

Bats emit a complex signal with a number of frequency components ranging from 20,000 to 120,000 hertz or higher.

Insects Beware!
  “Each day, just around dusk, a truly astonishing event takes place under the rolling hills near San Antonio, Texas [U.S.A.],” says the book Sensory Exotica—A World Beyond Human Experience. “At a distance, you might think you saw an enormous black cloud billowing from the depths of the earth. However, it’s not a cloud of smoke that darkens the early evening sky, but the mass exodus of 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats from the depths of Bracken Cave.”
  A more recent estimate places the number of bats exiting Bracken Cave at 60 million. Climbing up to 10,000 feet [3,000 m] into the night sky, they pursue their favorite meal, insects. Although the night sky must contain an overabundance of ultrasonic bat calls, there is no confusion, for each of these unique mammals is equipped with a highly sophisticated system for detecting its own echoes.
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