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Most recent 19 results returned for keyword: Queen Victoria (Search this on MAP)

https://plus.google.com/115362479604644745078 Hollups blog : ‘Civilization VI’ features Queen Victoria as the head of politics, ‘Game of Thrones’ Sean Bean voices...
‘Civilization VI’ features Queen Victoria as the head of politics, ‘Game of Thrones’ Sean Bean voices narration in game
(IBT news)Queen Victoria will take the reins in the latest “Civilization VI.”
Firaxis and 2K’s strategy building game sees her ousting Queen Elizabeth
from the previous game. According to the official website ,
Queen Victoria’s reign will usher in the Vi...
‘Civilization VI’ features Queen Victoria as the head of politics, ‘Game of Thrones’ Sean Bean voices narration in game
(IBT news)Queen Victoria will take the reins in the latest “Civilization VI.” Firaxis and 2K’s strategy building game sees her ousting Queen Elizabeth from the previous game. According to the official website, Queen Victoria’...
4 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/109893691992361961700 George Kennedy : Queen Victoria Leads England In Civilization VI http://www.gamepur.com/news/23514-queen-victoria-leads...
Queen Victoria Leads England In Civilization VI

http://www.gamepur.com/news/23514-queen-victoria-leads-england-civilization-vi.html

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Queen Victoria Leads England In Civilization VI
2K and Firaxis Games today revealed that Queen Victoria will lead England in Sid Meier's Civilization VI, launching on Oct 21 st for Windows PC.
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https://plus.google.com/105171092208463790893 Spyda 7 7 7 : American Presidential Bloodline Did you know.......all 44 U.S. presidents have carried European royal...
American Presidential Bloodline

Did you know.......all 44 U.S. presidents have carried European royal bloodlines into office? 34 have been genetic descendants from just one person, Charlemagne, the brutal eighth century King of the Franks. 19 of them directly descended from King Edward III of England. In fact, the presidential candidate with the most royal genes has won every single American election.

“This information comes from Burke's Peerage, which is the Bible of aristocratic genealogy, based in London. Every presidential election in America, since and including George Washington in 1789 to Bill Clinton, has been won by the candidate with the most British and French royal genes. Of the 42 presidents to Clinton, 33 have been related to two people: Alfred the Great, King of England, and Charlemagne, the most famous monarch of France. So it goes on: 19 of them are related to England's Edward III, who has 2000 blood connections to Prince Charles. The same goes with the bankingfamilies in America. George Bush and Barbara Bush are from the same bloodline - the Pierce bloodline, which changed its name from Percy, when it crossed the Atlantic. Percy is one of the aristocratic families of Britain, to this day. They were involved in the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament at the time of Guy Fawkes” -Researcher/Author David Icke, “Alice in Wonderland and the World Trade Center”

If America declared its Independence from the European monarchies in 1776, how is it possible that every single president has descended from European monarchs? If presidents are democratically elected as we are told, what are the odds that we would always choose members of British and French royal bloodlines to lead us?

“The Americas have always been owned and governed by the same royal families of Britain and Europe that conventional history states as being among those defeated during the wars of so-called ‘Independence.’” -Michael Tsarion, “Astrotheology and Sidereal Mythology”

“If it really is the Land of the Free and if, as is claimed, anyone really can become the president, you would fairly expect that the 43 presidents from George Washington to George W. Bush would express that genetic diversity. You're having a laugh. The presidents of the United States are as much a royal dynasty as anything in Europe, from whence their bloodlines came.” -David Icke, “Tales from the Time Loop”

Researchers like David Icke, Michael Tsarion, and Fritz Springmeier, along with foundations like the New England Historical Genealogy Society, Burkes Peerage, the Roman Piso Homepage, and other reliable genealogical sources have documented these royal presidential bloodlines. Actually, by branching out far enough on the presidential family tree, the dedicated researcher will find that all 44 presidents share kinship, belonging to the same general ancestry, often called the 13th Illuminati bloodline, the Merovingian line, and/or the Windsor-Bush bloodline.

“If you go deeply enough into the genealogical research you will find that ALL the presidents are from this line …A spokesman for Burkes Peerage, the bible of royal and aristocratic genealogy based in London, has said that every presidential election since and including GeorgeWashington in 1789 has been won by the candidate with the most royal genes. Now we can see how and why. United States presidents are not chosen by ballot, they are chosen by blood!” -David Icke, “The Windsor-Bush Bloodline”

Granted the relationships are sometimes distant 10th or 15th cousins, but in a country with hundreds of millions to choose from, this simply cannot be chance or coincidence. Gary Boyd Roberts, a genealogist at the New England Historic Genealogical Society thoroughly traced these connections in his book “Ancestors of American Presidents.” George W. Bush himself is directly related to 16 former U.S. presidents including George Washington, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, Grover Cleveland, Teddy Roosevelt, William H. Taft, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Richard Nixon, and Gerald Ford.


Bush is closely related to the king of Albania and has kinship with every member of the British royal family and the House of Windsor. He is related to 20 British Dukes, the 13th cousin of Britain’s Queen Mother, and of her daughter Queen Elizabeth. He is 13th cousin once removed from Prince Charles and has direct descent from King Henry III, Charles II, and Edward I of England. Through the House of Windsor and King Henry III, the Bush’s and Bill Clinton are genetically related as well.

“According to Burke's Peerage, even according to the official genealogy, Bill Clinton is genetically related to the House of Windsor, the present royal family in Britain; to every Scottish monarch; to King Henry III of England; and to Robert I of France.” -David Icke, “Alice in Wonderland and the World Trade Center”

In 2004 George W. Bush ran as a “Republican” against “Democrat” John Forbes Kerry – his 16th cousin. These cousins, related to the same British and French monarchs, are also secret society brothers in the infamous Skull and Bones fraternity. John Kerry descends from King Henry II of England and Richard the Lionheart, leader of the third Christian crusade in 1189. He also has links to royalty in Albania, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Russia, Persia, and France, but still not enough royal genes to top George Bush. Earlier in 2000 we see the same story - George W. Bush ran neck and neck with Al Gore; another supposed democrat and cousin of the Bush family.

“Al Gore is a descendant of Edward I, Roman Emperors Louis I, II, and Charles II and is direct descendant of Charlemagne which makes him a distant cousin of Richard Nixon and George W. Bush. So the top “democratic” candidates against Bush in 2000 and 2004 were actually his cousins!” -Michael Tsarion, “Where History Ends DVD”

“Never in the history of the United States have two presidential candidates been as wellendowed with royal alliances. There has always been a significant “royal factor,” in those who aspired to the White House, with Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt and Ronald Reagan, among others, all boasting blue blood links. Al Gore…a descendant of Edward I, he is also a cousin of former U.S. PresidentRichard Nixon, who resigned from the White House in 1974 for his part in the Watergate scandal. However, Al Gore does have direct links to the Holy Roman Empire. He is descendant of Roman Emperors Louis II, Charles II, and Louis I and is therefore also a direct descendant of Charlemagne, the eighth-century Emperor. The problem is that Gore’s Charlemagne links also make him a cousin of George W. Bush.” -Harold Brooks-Baker, Burke’s Peerage Publishing Director from p. 7, NEXUS magazine, Vol. 8, No 1, January-February edition

By placing bloodline members on both sides of America’s faux political dichotomy, the old monarchs have guaranteed their right to throne under the guise of democratic elections. Back in 1996 we see the same tactic as “Democrat” Bill Clinton defeated “Republican” Bob Dole, his cousin.

“Even Bill Clinton and Bob Dole, who ‘opposed’ each other at the 1996 election, are distant cousins. They can trace their ancestry to England’s King Henry III, who reigned from 1227 to 1273, and US Presidents William Henry and Benjamin Harrison …Clinton has far more royal blood than Dole and is directly descended from the same bloodline as the House of Windsor, every Scottish monarch, and King Robert I of France. This is why he was the Brotherhood’s choice.” -David Icke, “The Biggest Secret” (191-192)

The Windsor-Bush bloodline reaches from the American presidents, back to British/European royalty, and it doesn’t stop there. It continues back through Roman emperors, all the way to Babylonian Kings and Egyptian Pharaohs near the beginning of recorded history.

From Marie Antoinette and King Louis XVI, the French line continues back through Louis XV-I, Charles XI-I, Henry IV-I, Philip V-I, Robert II and many other French monarchs. It passes the de Medici family, specifically Queen Catherine de Medici of France, who supported Columbus’ expedition to the “New World” along with bloodline Queen Isabella of Castile, King Ferdinand of Spain, and the House of Lorraine. It was also Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand who started the 350 year Spanish Inquisition, which ordered the murder of millions who refused to convert to Christianity. And from the House of Lorraine, Duke Godfroi de Bouillon became the first Crusader King of Jerusalem.

“Father George and wife Barbara [Bush] are both descendants of Godfroi de Bouillon who, in 1099, led European noblemen in the successful Crusade to recapture Jerusalem from the Islamic faith and moved into the King’s palace at Temple Mount … Godfroi de Bouillon was the first king of Jerusalem and the Duke of Lower Lorraine, a major region for the Illuminati bloodline …So when George W. Bush, a descendant of the de Bouillon through his mother and father, talked of a “Crusade” against “Islamic” terrorism…this was no slip of the tongue…as was reported” - David Icke “Alice In Wonderland and the World Trade Center Disaster”

The British line goes back from Prince William and Harry, through Prince Charles and Princess Diana, to Queen Elizabeth II, King George VI and V, King Edward VII, Queen Victoria, King Edward III, II, I, and King George III, II, I. Then it passes through King James I who ordered and financed the now most-widely read version of the Bible. Before James came Mary Stuart, King Henry III, II, I, King John (signer of the Magna Carta) and back to the Plantagenet and Habsburg dynasties under the Roman Empire. Other branches carried the bloodline to Scotland, Austria, Germany, Spain, Sweden and even Mexico:

“This same bloodline also includes key Scottish families like the Lords of Galloway and the Comyns; Marie-Louise of Austria, who married Napoleon Bonaparte; Kaiser Wilhelm II, the king of Germany at the time of the First World War; and Maximilian, the Habsburg emperor of Mexico, who died in 1867. On and on it goes into country after country. This bloodline connects into every surviving royal family in Europe, including King Juan Carlos of Spain and the Dutch, Swedish, and Danish royal lines.” -David Icke, “The Windsor-Bush Bloodline”

Before the Habsburgs, the House of Lorraine and Charlemagne were the Merovingians (Meroveus/Merovee) who originally brought the bloodline to France and Northwest Europe. Back in 4th century Rome the bloodline passed through Emperor Constantine, the first professed Christian emperor who initiated the Roman Empire’s transition into a Christian State and presided over the first Council of Nicaea. He was preceded by the Roman Piso family whom will be discussed at length later. Before them came Herod the Great of Biblical fame and Ptolemy XIV, son of the most well-known Roman emperor Julius Caesar. Caesar actually married into the bloodline through Cleopatra, the most well-known Egyptian Queen. A little further down this very same bloodline brings us to Alexander the Great:

“One common link in this bloodline is Philip of Macedonia (382-336BC),who married Olympias, and their son was Alexander the Great (356-323BC), a tyrant who plundered that key region of Greece, Persia, Syria, Phoenicia, Egypt, Babylon, the former lands of Sumer, and across into India before dying in Babylon at the age of 33. During his rule of Egypt he founded the city of Alexandria, one the greatest centers for esoteric knowledge in the ancient world. Alexander was taught by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle, who in turn was taught by Plato and he by Socrates. The bloodline and the hidden advanced knowledge have always gone together.” -David Icke, “The Windsor-Bush Bloodline”

Back the bloodline goes past Alexander, past Nebuchadnezzar IV, III and other Kings of Babylon, all the way to ancient African Kings and Pharaohs of Egypt - Ramesis II, I, Tuthmosis IV, III, II, I, Amenhotep III, II, I and many more. For millennia these Kings, Queens, Pharaohs, and Emperors have obsessively interbred with themselves to preserve and spread their bloodline. They have ruled over us since the beginning of recorded history, claiming they were given divine right to the throne by God or gods.

“This 'Divine right' is simply the right to rule by DNA. We have a head of state in Britain to this day who is only there because of her DNA and the whole freeloading hierarchy of the royal family is structured according to a person's DNA relationship to the king or queen …what is royal rule by DNA if not outrageous racial and genetic elitism? This 'Divine' right to rule has nothing to do with the 'Divine' and everything to do with the real origin of these bloodlines. They claim to descend from the 'gods' of the ancient world and who or what these 'gods' were and are, I will explain in detail later. The 'royal' families have interbred incessantly with each other since ancient times because they are seeking to retain the DNA corruption that can apparently be quickly diluted by breeding outside of itself. How interesting that the families of the Illuminati and the power elite do the same to this day. Why? They are the same bloodlines. The royal 'Divine' bloodlines of ancient Sumer and Babylon (now Iraq), Egypt, the Indus Valley and elsewhere expanded into Europe to become the royal and aristocratic families that ruled that continent and most of the world through the British Empire and those of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and so on. As the people began to challenge and reject the open dictatorship of royal rule the bloodlines began to move 'underground' by operating among the population in all the areas that control modern society …You will find a similar story all over the world. Credo Mutwa, the official historian of the Zulu nation, told me how so many black African leaders that were placed in power after the colonial masters gave the continent 'independence', came from the bloodlines of African kings and queens who claimed to descend from the same 'gods' as their white counterparts.” -David Icke, “Tales from the Time Loop”


https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-PiIZWCEmQqE/V3YbzGUvLkI/AAAAAAAAG-c/1edx8kIAnQUaS5x8CBmNiLRTTW3HoCdAA/w506-h750/16%2B-%2B1
7 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/104276505907939078101 Mariusz, Piotr GRZEŚ : Queen Victoria Building The clock which you can see in the center of the picture is a mechanical masterpiece...
Queen Victoria Building

The clock which you can see in the center of the picture is a mechanical masterpiece showing the history of the Australian Colonization. It is completely animated. Like the whole building's interior, the finish of this clock is absolutely outstanding and the QVB was named the world's most beautiful shopping mall by Pierre Cardin
8 hours ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/105440568508353052100 Mikulas Hlinka : Queen Victoria Building This building is a riot of colour, and I posted a colour photo from this spot...
Queen Victoria Building

This building is a riot of colour, and I posted a colour photo from this spot a year of so ago, but I was keen to see what it looked like in B&W.
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-dj_jBeuANUw/V3UmxzU0xXI/AAAAAAAA42w/UDvBvR56IU4r-j57eKQJ7ZIbQyMg5Y6NQ/w506-h750/-09841-150207-QVB-Reimagined.jpg
14 hours ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/112466511009770765488 Monarchy316 Celebrates the Life of Queen Victoria : Trailer out at 2:15 today for In the life of Queen Victoria
Trailer out at 2:15 today for In the life of Queen Victoria
21 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/114042268408383910493 IT Training Rooms Limited : Step Back In Time To The First Wimbledon - This is a sponsored article on behalf of Stella Artois Travel...
Step Back In Time To The First Wimbledon - This is a sponsored article on behalf of Stella Artois Travel back in time to the smoggy streets of Victorian London, and discover a little-known tennis tournament called Wimbledon. You'll meet a debonair detective, Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and a host of colourful Victorian characters on your time-travelling trip; you can even indulge in some pies made by expert culinary creatives, Bompas & Parr. And if all that time travel makes you thirsty, fe...
Step Back In Time To The First Wimbledon | Londonist

23 hours ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/118309754979974861410 Freead Nyc : Coldplay welcomed a new member to their line-up tonight - Prince Harry. The Prince joined rock band...
Coldplay welcomed a new member to their line-up tonight - Prince Harry.

The Prince joined rock band Coldplay on stage on Monday to sing their hit Up&Up with them at the end of a one-off charity concert at Kensington Palace raising money to fight HIV/Aids. The first ever pop concert on the Palace’s East Lawn was organised by the Prince’s charity Sentebale to raise funds and awareness of the plight of young people affected by HIV/Aids in Africa. Introducing Coldplay, Prince Harry apologised to the band for the fact that a statue of Queen Victoria in the Palace's garden had its back to the stage, "surely the only person who has ever had their back to Coldplay", but added: "I'm sure she would have been a massive Coldplay fan."

In the concert’s finale the Prince, together with Sentebale co-founder Prince Seeiso of Lesotho and a 12-strong choir from the southern African kingdom, accompanied Coldplay to sing to a 3,000-strong audience. Earlier today Kensington Palace announced that the Prince will step up his fight against HIV/Aids with a new series of engagements and meetings to shine a spotlight on the ongoing need for action.

In July, he will travel as Sentebale Patron to Durban, South Africa for the 2016 International Aids Conference to meet leaders in the field and to speak to the assembled delegates.
http://radio.rusrek.com/en/news/936-prince-harry-becomes-newest-coldplay-member-as-he-joins-band-on-stage-in-hiv-charity-concert.html
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-eCzBeApexrE/V3U8nll0bdI/AAAAAAAAFdM/d6biCKwfSeYeMtcJhcbNJUqSWtQusdeGA/w506-h750/4.jpg
23 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/110841165902593413562 Elena Vidal : "Although Scottish on her father’s side, her royal bloodline was from a very different culture. The ...
"Although Scottish on her father’s side, her royal bloodline was from a very different culture. The English at Harrowden called her Vikie, after her namesake Queen Victoria. Her full name was Victoria Kawēkiu Kaʻiulani Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapa Cleghorn."
Tea at Trianon: The Island Rose
"She was not a guilty woman, neither was she a saint; she was an upright, charming woman, a little frivolous, somewhat impulsive, but always pure; she was a queen, at times ardent in her fancies for her favourites and thoughtless in her policy, but proud and full of energy; a thorough woman in ...
1 day ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/105790361504788237827 Nigel D'Souza : The guide written, it was time to test it out. Can we get the best out of the night markets? Turns out...
The guide written, it was time to test it out. Can we get the best out of the night markets? Turns out… it can.
Warm Up This Winter at the Queen Victoria Night Markets
The guide written, it was time to test it out. Can we get the best out of the night markets? Turns out… it can.
1 day ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/100357106915062883581 Imperial College London : Listen Up! In this month's edition of the Imperial Podcast: imaging innovations at the World Economic...
Listen Up!

In this month's edition of the Imperial Podcast: imaging innovations at the World Economic Forum, a 3D-printed crown for Queen Victoria and audio science stories on the Know It Wall.

Download it today: http://ow.ly/Uanh301KrNY
Podcast: visions of the future, a crowning ceremony and a wall of knowledge
In this edition: imaging innovations at the World Economic Forum, a 3D-printed crown for Queen Victoria and audio science stories on the Know It Wall.
1 day ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/102552431145233082546 Gamers Worlds : Queen Victoria leads England in Civilization VI
Queen Victoria leads England in Civilization VI
Gamers Worlds - News: Queen Victoria leads England in Civilization VI
2K and Firaxis Games today revealed that Queen Victoria will lead England in Sid Meier's Civilization VI, launching on Oct 21st for Windows PC. Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India and Defender of the Faith, Queen Victoria was heiress presumptive at a tender ...
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https://plus.google.com/113276717207367572747 Noemi Cazeau : New post (Grave of Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who died...
New post (Grave of Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who died of typhoid at age 8 in 1903. She was buried in a silver coffin given by Tzar Nicholas II....) has been published on Gem Stone Rocks
Grave of Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who died of typhoid at age 8 in 1903. She was buried in a silver coffin given by Tzar Nicholas II….
Home » Tombstones » Grave of Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who died of typhoid at age 8 in 1903. She was buried in a silver coffin given by Tzar Nicholas II…. Grave of Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, ...
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https://plus.google.com/108895608729506371648 Koyes Ahmed : Join me on Viber, a free and amazing app for calls and messages! - www.viber.com/dl
Join me on Viber, a free and amazing app for calls and messages! - www.viber.com/dl
Viber - Free Calls and Messages.
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https://plus.google.com/118415869878384914447 George Eleady-Cole : BLACK PEOPLE WHO INSPIRED A GENERATION OF BLACK'S J Joseph Jenkins Roberts Joseph Jenkins Roberts Joseph...
BLACK PEOPLE WHO INSPIRED A GENERATION OF BLACK'S J Joseph Jenkins Roberts
Joseph Jenkins Roberts
Joseph Jenkins Roberts.jpg
1st President of Liberia
In office
January 3, 1848 – January 7, 1856
Vice President Nathaniel Brander
Anthony D. Williams
Stephen Allen Benson
Succeeded by Stephen Allen Benson
7th President of Liberia
In office
January 1, 1872 – January 3, 1876
Vice President Anthony W. Gardiner
Preceded by James Skivring Smith
Succeeded by James Spriggs Payne
2nd Governor of Liberia
In office
September 3, 1841 – January 3, 1848
Preceded by Thomas Buchanan
Succeeded by Position abolished
Personal details
Born March 15, 1809
Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Died February 24, 1876 (aged 66)
Monrovia, Liberia
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s) Sarah Roberts
Jane Rose Waring
Joseph Jenkins Roberts (March 15, 1809 – February 24, 1876) was the first (1848–1856) and seventh (1872–1876) President of Liberia. Born free in Norfolk, Virginia, US, Roberts emigrated to Liberia in 1829 as a young man. He opened a trading store in Monrovia, and later engaged in politics. When Liberia became independent in July 26, 1847, Roberts was elected the first Black American president for the Republic of Liberia, serving until 1856. In 1872 he was elected again to serve as Liberia's seventh president.

Contents
1 Early life
2 Marriage and family
3 Immigrating to Liberia
4 First presidency (1847–1856)
4.1 Foreign relations
4.2 Relations with indigenous groups; expansion
4.3 Economy, nation building
4.4 Assessment
5 Between presidencies
6 Second presidency (1872–1876)
7 Inheritance and legacy
Early life
Roberts was born free in Norfolk, Virginia, the second oldest of seven children. His father was said to be a planter of Welsh origin. Joseph's mother Amelia, described as a mulatto who was quite fair, was the planter's slave mistress or concubine. He freed Amelia and her children when she was still young.[1] Amelia gave all of her children but one the middle name of Jenkins, which suggests that may have been the name of their biological father.

Once free, Amelia married James Roberts, a free black. Roberts gave her children his surname and raised them as his own. Roberts owned a boating business on the James River. By the time of his death, he had acquired substantial wealth for an African-American of those times.[2]

Joseph Roberts and his siblings by the planter were estimated to be seven-eighths European in ancestry. As the Liberian historian Abayomi Karnga noted in 1926, "He was not really black; he was an octoroon and could have easily passed for a white man."[3] As a boy, Joseph began to work in his stepfather's business, handling goods on a flatboat that transported materials from Petersburg to Norfolk on the James River.[4] The family moved to Petersburg, which was an industrial city. Shortly after the move, the stepfather James Roberts died. Joseph continued to work in his family's business, but also served as an apprentice in a barber shop. The owner of the barber shop, William Colson, was also a minister and one of Virginia's best-educated black residents. He gave Roberts access to his private library, which provided much of the youth's early education.[2]

Marriage and family[edit]
In 1828 Roberts married an 18-year-old woman named Sarah. They had an infant child whom they took with them when they emigrated to Liberia, under the auspices of the American Colonization Society. Both Sarah and the child died in the first year in the colony.[5]

Some time after his wife's death, Roberts married again, to Jane Rose Waring. She was a daughter of Colston Waring and Harriet Graves, Virginians who had also migrated to the colony.[6]

Immigrating to Liberia[edit]

Daguerreotype taken in the 1850s.
After hearing of the plans of the American Colonization Society to colonize the African coast at Cape Mesurado near modern-day Monrovia, Roberts decided to join an expedition. The restrictions in Virginia on free Negroes played an important part in his decision. The Roberts family was strongly religious and they felt called to evangelize the indigenous people of Africa.[2] On February 9, 1829 they sailed for Africa on the Harriet.[7] along with his mother and five of his six siblings. Travelling the same ship was James Spriggs Payne, who would later become Liberia's fourth president.[1]

Once in Monrovia, Roberts and two of his brothers established a business with the help of their friend William Colson of Petersburg. The company exported palm products, camwood, and ivory to the United States, and traded imported American goods at the company store in Monrovia. In 1835, Colson emigrated to Liberia, but died shortly after his arrival. Expanding into coastal trade, the Roberts family became successful members of the local establishment.[2] During this time, Joseph's brother John Wright Roberts entered the ministry of the Liberia Methodist Church, founded by Americans. Later he became a bishop. After starting as a trader, the youngest son, Henry Roberts, studied medicine at the Berkshire Medical College in Massachusetts. Joseph Roberts was successful enough to pay for his brother's studies. Henry returned to Liberia to work as a physician.[8]

In 1833, Joseph Roberts became high sheriff of the colony. One of his responsibilities was to organize militias to travel to the interior to collect taxes from the indigenous peoples and put down their rebellions against colonial rule. In 1839, the American Colonization Society appointed Roberts vice governor. Two years later, after the death of governor Thomas Buchanan, Roberts was appointed as the first black governor of Liberia. In 1846, Roberts asked the legislature to declare the independence of Liberia, but also to maintain cooperation with the American Colonization Society. The legislature called for a referendum, in which voters chose independence. On July 26, 1847, Roberts declared Liberia independent. He won the first presidential election on October 5, 1847, and was sworn into office on January 3, 1848, with Nathaniel Brander as vice president.

First presidency (1847–1856)[edit]
Roberts was re-elected three more times to serve a total of eight years, until he lost the election in 1855 to Vice President Benson.[1]

Attempts to found a state based upon some 3000 settlers proved difficult. Some coastal tribes converted to Christianity and learned English, but most of the indigenous Africans retained their traditional religion and language. The slave trade continued illicitly from Liberian ports, but the British Royal Navy finally closed it down in the 1850s.

Foreign relations
Roberts spent the first year of his presidency attempting to attain recognition from European countries and the United States. In 1848 he traveled to Europe to meet Queen Victoria and other heads of state. Great Britain was the first country to recognize Liberia,[9] followed by France in 1848 or 1852 (accounts differ). In 1849, the German cities of Hamburg, Bremen and Lübeck recognized the new nation, as did Portugal, Brazil, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Austrian Empire. Norway and Sweden did so in either 1849 or 1863, Haiti in either 1849 or 1864, Denmark in either 1849 or 1869 (accounts differ).

The United States withheld recognition until February 5, 1862, during the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. Reportedly, the government feared that the southern congressmen would not accept a black ambassador in Washington, D.C.

Relations with indigenous groups; expansion
Maryland Colony declared in 1854 its independence from the Maryland State Colonization Society but did not become part of the Republic of Liberia. It held the land along the coast between the Grand Cess and San Pedro Rivers. In 1856, the independent state of Maryland (Africa) requested military aid from Liberia in a war with the Grebo and Kru peoples. They were resisting the Maryland colonists' efforts to control their trade. Roberts assisted the Marylanders, and a joint military campaign by the two groups of African-American colonists resulted in victory. In 1857, the Republic of Maryland joined Liberia as Maryland County.

During his presidency, Roberts expanded the borders of Liberia along the coast and made attempts to integrate the indigenous people of Monrovia into the Republic. By 1860, through treaties and purchases with local African leaders, Liberia extended its boundaries to include a 600-mile (1000 km) coastline.

Economy, nation building
The settlers built schools and Liberia College (which later became the University of Liberia). During these early years, agriculture, shipbuilding, and trade flourished.

Assessment
Roberts has been described as a talented leader with diplomatic skills. His leadership was instrumental in giving Liberia independence and sovereignty. Later in his career, his diplomatic skills helped him to deal effectively with the indigenous people and to maneuver in the complex field of international law and relations.[2]

Between presidencies

Lithograph of the former home of Joseph Roberts in Monrovia
After his first presidency, Roberts served for fifteen years as a major general in the Liberian army, as well as a diplomatic representative in France and Great Britain. In 1862, he helped to found and became the first president of Liberia College in Monrovia, where he served as president until 1876.[10] Roberts frequently traveled to the United States to raise funds for the college. Until his death he held a professorship in jurisprudence and international law.[4]

Second presidency (1872–1876)
In 1871, president Edward James Roye was deposed by elements loyal to the Republican Party on the grounds that he was planning to cancel the upcoming elections. Roberts, one of the Republican Party's leaders, won the ensuing presidential election and thus returned to office in 1872. He served for two terms until 1876. While he was incapacitated by illness from 1875 until early 1876, Vice-President Anthony W. Gardiner was acting president.

In the decades after 1868, escalating economic difficulties weakened the state's dominance over the coastal indigenous population. Conditions worsened—the cost of imports was far greater than the income generated by exports of coffee, rice, palm oil, sugarcane, and timber. Liberia tried desperately to modernize its largely agricultural economy.

Inheritance and legacy
Roberts died on February 24, 1876, less than two months after his second term had ended. In his testament, he left $10,000 and his estate to the educational system of Liberia.[1] Liberia's main airport, Roberts International Airport, the town of Robertsport and Roberts Street in Monrovia are named in honor of Roberts.

His face is depicted on the Liberian ten dollar bill introduced in 1997, and the old five dollar bill in circulation between 1989 and 1991.

His birthday, March 15, is a national holiday in Liberia.[4]
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https://plus.google.com/116901276351467414452 The Safari Prince : Elizabeth T. Greenfield (1817-1876) Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield was born a slave in Natchez, Mississippi...
Elizabeth T. Greenfield (1817-1876) Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield was born a slave in Natchez, Mississippi, but freed as a child by her mistress, who became a Quaker. Eventually, Greenfield became a singing virtuoso whose talent gained her fame as far away as Europe and made her the target of racial antagonism.
Greenfield probably began singing in Philadelphia churches after moving there in 1836. According to legend, she discovered her talent after she attended a concert given by Jenny Lind, “the Swedish Nightingale.” According to Martin Delany:

“She went home. She stole an opportunity when no one listened; let out her voice, when [behold!] she found her strains four notes above Sweden’s favored Nightingale. She descended, when lo! she found her tones three notes below! Now she ranks second to no vocalist in the world. The Black Swan is singing to fine fashionable houses and bids fair to stand unrivalled in the world of song.”

In 1851, after performing a concert in Buffalo, she gained national fame and earned the name “Black Swan,” a moniker likening her to the “White Swan,” the Irish-born Catherine Hayes. In 1853, she performed in New York City for an audience of 2,000 at Metropolitan Hall, which barred other blacks from attending the concert. Greenfield’s appearance at Metropolitan Hall was so controversial that it prompted arson threats against the theater. One New York news organization decided against running its profile of the singer, because of the hatred she inspired. That same year, Greenfield performed in London and went on to do other shows in England and Ireland, including an 1854 concert for Queen Victoria at Buckingham Palace. After her time in Europe, she returned to Philadelphia. Becoming a vocal teacher, she occasionally gave concerts. — Sources: New York Historical Society, African-American Registry, Speak out in Thunder Tones, Letters and Other Writings by Black Northerners 1787-1865
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https://plus.google.com/104192084616678994447 shahzad khan : Victoria Crowned Pigeon The Victoria crowned pigeon is a deep blue-gray color with a small black mask...
Victoria Crowned Pigeon

The Victoria crowned pigeon is a deep blue-gray color with a small black mask. Its feather crest  conspicuously white-tipped. On the wing coverts, there is a row of feathers that are a paler blue-gray with maroon tips. These form a distinct wing bar. The chest is a deep purple-maroon color. 
It like to be in pairs or small groups, wandering the forests of New Guinea in search of the seeds and fallen fruits that make up most of their diet.  Males will sometimes spar with each other during the breeding season -- flaring their wings and puffing up their chests to look larger and more impressive for the females -- but they tend to live peacefully together the rest of the year. 
Named after the British Monarch Queen Victoria, the Victoria Crowned Pigeon is without doubt a royal bird.

#birds   #birdsgallery  
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-6l2LvIH381E/VbJKSt15J_I/AAAAAAADrY0/nkyUMr2ou6w/w506-h750/Victoria%2BCrowned%2BPigeons.jpg
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