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Most recent 19 results returned for keyword: Queen Victoria (Search this on MAP)

https://plus.google.com/117196525247536166149 Meople's Magazine : The latest Kickstarter project by Cool Mini Or Not takes you into the underworld of Smog, the steampunk...
The latest Kickstarter project by Cool Mini Or Not takes you into the underworld of Smog, the steampunk world of The World Of Smog: On Her Majesty's Service. Your mission, given to you by Queen Victoria herself: descend into the Shadow Market and recover four valuable artifacts for her. The Shadow Market is difficult terrain to navigate, because the market itself spins and twists, and the challenge in the game is to turn the market tiles to your advantage. Not only do your cool minis move across the turning tiles, the sides facing you also tell you which actions are available to you on your turn. And if those are not enough obstacles for you yet, the minions of the Shadow Master are also out to get in your way. 
The World of Smog: On Her Majesty's Service
Delve into the magical steampunk World of Smog, puzzling out its labyrinth of rotating gears to recover the precious Artefacts!
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https://plus.google.com/103588140968539243684 Kirsten Clark : Just some freaky reads for you guys since it's Halloween :) Even though I know you guys won't read the...
Just some freaky reads for you guys since it's Halloween :)
Even though I know you guys won't read the whole thing. This guy has interested me since I was like, 4.

From August 7 to September 10 in 1888, "Jack the Ripper" terrorized the Whitechapel district in London's East End. He killed at least five prostitutes and mutilated their bodies in an unusual manner, indicating that the killer had a knowledge of human anatomy. Jack the Ripper was never captured, and remains one of England's, and the world's, most infamous criminals.
Known for committing gruesome murders from August 7 to September 10 in 1888, "Jack the Ripper"—a moniker for the notorious serial killer, who was never identified—remains one of England's, and the world's, most infamous criminals.
The culprit responsible for the murders of five prostitutes—all took place within a mile of each other, and involved the districts of Whitechapel, Spitalfields, Aldgate and the City of London—in London's East End in the autumn of 1888 was never apprehended. Despite countless investigations claiming definitive evidence of the brutal killer's identity, his name and motive are still unkown. The moniker "Jack the Ripper" originates from a letter written by someone who claimed to be the Whitechapel butcher, published at the time of the attacks.
Adding to the mystery of the affair is the fact that several letters were sent by the killer to the London Metropolitan Police Service, also known as the Scotland Yard, taunting officers about his gruesome activities and speculating on murders to come. Various theories about Jack the Ripper's identity have been produced over the past several decades, which include claims accusing the famous Victorian painter Walter Sickert, a Polish migrant and even the grandson of Queen Victoria. Since 1888, more than 100 suspects have been named, contributing to widespread folklore and ghoulish entertainment surrounding the mystery.
In the late 1800s, London's East End was a place that was viewed by citizens with either compassion or utter contempt. Despite being an area where skilled immigrants, mainly Jews and Russians, came to start a new life and start businesses, the district was notorious for squalor, violence and crime. Prostitution was only illegal if the practice caused a public disturbance, and thousands of brothels and low-rent lodging houses provided sexual services during the late 19th century.
At that time, the death or murder of a working girl was rarely reported in the press or discussed within polite society. The reality was that "ladies of the night" were subject to physical attacks, which sometimes resulted in death. Among these common violent crimes was the attack of English prostitute Emma Smith, who was beaten and raped with an object by four men. Smith, who later died of peritonitis, is remembered as one of many unfortunate female victims who were killed by gangs demanding protection money.
However, the series of killings that began in August 1888 stood out from other violent crime of the time: They were marked by sadistic butchery, suggesting a mind more sociopathic and hateful than most citizens could comprehend. Jack the Ripper didn't just snuff out life with a knife, he mutilated and humiliated women, and his crimes seemed to portray an abhorrance for the entire female gender.
When Jack the Ripper's murders suddenly stopped, in the fall of 1888, London citizens wanted answers that would not come, even more than a century later. The ongoing case—which has spawned an industry of books, films, TV series and historical tours—has met with a number of hindrances, including lack of evidence, a gamut of misinformation and false testimony, and tight regulations by the Scotland Yard. Jack the Ripper has been the topic of news stories for more than 120 years, and will likely continue to be for decades to come.
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https://plus.google.com/115342044002815730561 Sandy Stevenson : Tour Haunted Balmoral Castle, on a visit to Royal Deeside Scotland, Britain, United Kingdom. The ghost...
Tour Haunted Balmoral Castle, on a visit to Royal Deeside Scotland, Britain, United Kingdom. The ghost of John Brown a servant to Queen Victoria is often seen walking the corridors, usually wearing a kilt. Scottish Blog, Ancestry, Halloween Tour, Historic, History, Travel, Tourism
Tour Haunted Balmoral Castle Scotland
Tour Haunted Balmoral Castle, on a visit to Royal Deeside Scotland. The ghost of John Brown a servant to Queen Victoria is often seen walking the corridors, usually wearing a kilt. All photographs are copyright of Sandy Steve...
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https://plus.google.com/115314553618401350272 A. Bakhle : lost and found this Nov. 1st: The Koh-i-Noor (Persian “Mountain of Light”) is a diamond that was originally...
lost and found this Nov. 1st:
The Koh-i-Noor (Persian “Mountain of Light”) is a diamond that was originally 793 carats when uncut.[2] Once the largest known diamond, it is now a 105.6 metric carats diamond, weighing 21.6 grammes in its most recent cut state. In 1852 Albert the Prince Consort had ordered it cut down from 186 carats. The Koh-i-Noor was mined in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India together with its double, the Daria-i-Noor (“Sea of Light”). The diamond was originally owned by Lodhi Khans (the diamond stayed in the Lodhi dynasty for a long period of time but was later confiscated by the British when they invaded India)[3]
In 1849, the diamond was transferred from the ownership of the Indian Empire to the British East India Company under the Treaty of Lahore[4] and became part of the British Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India in 1877. The diamond was traditionally known as "Kuh-e nur" in the 19th century after the British conquest of India. The diamond is currently set into the Crown of Queen Elizabeth and is on display at the Tower of London.
Koh-i-Noor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Koh-i-Noor (Persian “Mountain of Light”) is a diamond that was originally 793 carats when uncut. Once the largest known diamond, it is now a 105.6 metric carats diamond, weighing 21.6 grammes in its most recent cut state. In 1852 Albert the Prince Consort had ordered it cut down from 186 ...
2 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/105360557315508184626 Iftikhar Ahnad : It is a common saying that British schooling is upholding British values of integration, respect, tolerance...
It is a common saying that British schooling is upholding British values of integration, respect, tolerance and equality. But all minority groups find British schooling is the home of institutional racism and British teachers are chicken racist. This is one of the many reasons why they would like to see their children attending their own schools with their own teachers. Muslim community started setting up school in the 80s and I set up the first Muslim school in 1981 and now there are 180 Muslim schools and only 18 are state funded. Sikh and Hindu communities have set up their own schools. Now Black community is thinking of setting up schools with their own teachers.
 
Western media and politicians have been trying their best to propagate against Muslim schools. Muslim schools are even called Osama bin Laden Academies by a Teaching Union. Only less than 5% of Muslim children attend Muslim schools while more than 95% are in state schools to be mis-educated and de-educated by non-Muslim monolingual teachers. The demand for state funded Muslim schools is in accordance with the law of the land. Muslim community is not asking for any favour. Muslim community pays all sorts of taxes and is less burden on social services. Church leaders say it is no longer "appropriate" for them to run Sacred Heart RC Primary School which has just six Christian pupils. The school in Blackburn, Lancs, could be handed to the nearby Masjid-e-Tauheedul mosque.
 
It is absurd to believe that Muslim schools, Imams and Masajid teach Muslim children anti-Semitic, homophobic and anti-western views. It is dangerously deceptive and misleading to address text books and discuss them out of their historical, cultural and linguistic context. It is not wrong to teach children that Jews are committing the same cruelty in Palestine what German did to them before or during Second World War. It is not wrong to teach children that anti-social behaviour, drinking, drugs, homosexuality, sex before marriage, teenage pregnancies and abortions are western values and Islam is against all such sins. This does not mean that Muslim schools teach children to hate westerners, Jews and homosexuals.
 
Extremism, homophobia and anti-Semitism are nothing to do with Islamic teachings and beliefs. Islam does not teach that Jews and Christians are pigs and monkeys. The Policy Exchange Think-tank should concentrate on institutionally racist British schooling with chicken racist teachers. Muslim parents do not want their children with behaviour problems that include unprovoked aggression, promiscuity, violence, eating disorder, bullying and alcohol. According to ATL, teachers believe behaviour is worse than it was five years ago, with even five year olds being disrespectful, intimidating and violent. This is the true picture of British broken society and the Muslim community does not want to be integrated. The British government is again asking us, Muslims, to adopt the" British values" and to integrate fully into the British way of life. But many so called "British values" are not acceptable to us. We would like to confirm again that we practising Muslim believers will never ever adopt or integrate into all these "destructive and immoral values".
 
British schooling and the British society is the home of institutional racism. The result is that Muslim children are unable to develop self-confidence and self-esteem, therefore, majority of them leaves schools with low grades. Racism is deeply rooted in British society. Every native child is born with a gene or virus of racism, therefore, no law could change the attitudes of racism towards those who are different. It is not only the common man; even member of the royal family is involved in racism. The father of a Pakistani officer cadet who was called a "***" by Prince Harry has profoundly condemned his actions. He had felt proud when he met the Queen and the Prince of Wales at his son's passing out parade at Sandhurst in 2006 but now felt upset after learning about the Prince's comments. Queen Victoria invited an Imam from India to teach her Urdu language. He was highly respected by the Queen but other members of the royal family had no respect for him. He was forced to go back to India. His portrait is still in one of the royal places. British schools are not doing enough to tackle racism and promote race relations. Many teachers are unaware of racist attitudes amongst pupils. Schools have a responsibility not only to deal with racist incidents but also to prepare pupils for life in a multicultural and multiracial society. At least one racist incident is reported daily in Bolton schools, according to stats obtained from Bolton Council by Mancunian Matters. Bolton Council of Mosques Manager, Ibrahim Kala, said the data is only the “tip of the iceberg” and that Islamophobia makes up a large portion of the reported incidents. Stats obtained through the Freedom of Information request show 2,397 cases of racism in Bolton schools in the years from 2004 to 2013, meaning on average there are 1.26 racist incidents occur daily – and these are only the ones being reported.
 
British society must learn to respect and tolerate those who are different. God has created diverse human beings to live in this tiny global village of one family. Creation by its very nature is diverse with different species, different communities, different cultures and languages. These differences represent the beauty and wonder but diversity is sometimes not fully appreciated, resulting in all sorts of clashes. The British society and Establishment must learn to respect and accommodate others, as if in a family. A report by the Institute for Community Cohesion found that native parents were deserting some schools after finding their children outnumbered by pupils from ethnic minorities. Schools in parts of England are becoming increasingly segregated. The study focused on 13 local authorities. Many of the schools and colleges are segregated and this was generally worsening over recent years. This is RACISM because British society is the home of institutional racism. A study by Bristol University reveals that a high level of racial segregation in Oldham schools and tension between communities resulted in recent riots in 2001. The solution is that those schools where Muslim children are majority may be designated as Muslim community schools. The native parents do not want their children to be educated along with migrant children. As soon as they find that the number of other children is on the increase, they remove their children to those schools where native children are in majority.
 
During colonial days, British did not follow local customs or culture. They didn't exactly "go native". They even forced the Native Americans and native Australian to adopt all the evils of their culture and customs. They are still the underdogs of American and Australian societies. At least Australian Prime Minister apologised to the natives for their evil deeds. Brits living in Spain and France don't even bother learning the language of the new adopted country. Frankly suggesting that people don't want to become "British" they should move elsewhere is extremely irritating. Immigrants are in UK because they are needed, it was never an act of charity. Without migration, British economy and society will bleed to death. British culture and customs will undoubtedly change as it has for millennium due to immigration. I am not quite sure why Brits would be worried about that.
IA
http://www.londonschoolofislamics.org.uk
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Trojan horse affair has been a wake-up call on faith schools | Jonathan Romain
Jonathan Romain: Until recently, we have regarded benignly faith schools and their blinkering of children’s horizons. This fresh scrutiny must now lead to action
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https://plus.google.com/102532100301235179867 ahmer hussain : ** Alexandrina Victoria, more identified by the name Queen Victoria was born on 24 May 1819. She was...
**
Alexandrina Victoria, more identified by the name Queen Victoria was born on 24 May 1819. She was the longest ruling British monarch in the history of British India Coinage. This illustrates that a majority of the British India coin were minted with her eff...
WORLD WIDE COINS
Alexandrina Victoria, more identified by the name Queen Victoria was born on 24 May 1819. She was the longest ruling British monarch in the history of British India Coinage. This illustrates that a majority of the British Ind...
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https://plus.google.com/112840134439919015416 mas anis : Dudley breaking news Charles Elme Francatelli Chef to Queen Victoria One of the comestible legends of...
Dudley breaking news Charles Elme Francatelli Chef to Queen Victoria
One of the comestible legends of his time, Charles Elme
Francatelli(1805-1876) was an Italian who journeyed to France for the
befalling to abstraction beneath the allegorical Chef Marie Antoine
Careme who abounding alarm "the artist of French cuisine." R...
Dudley breaking news Charles Elme Francatelli Chef to Queen Victoria
One of the comestible legends of his time, Charles Elme Francatelli(1805-1876) was an Italian who journeyed to France for the befalling to abstraction beneath the allegorical Chef Marie Antoine Careme who abounding alarm "the...
17 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/112247064647204087286 Sally Li : The original Chai stall As part of Bupa's best blog competition for 2015 The Original Chai stall is ...
The original Chai stall
As part of Bupa's best blog competition for 2015 The Original Chai stall is at the Queen Victoria Market and
its only opened on Saturday and Sunday. They use all 100% natural blend of
spices. On Saturday morning when I went there were a few people. Their ch...
The original Chai stall
As part of Bupa's best blog competition for 2015 The Original Chai stall is at the Queen Victoria Market and its only opened on Saturday and Sunday. They use all 100% natural blend of spices. On Saturday morning when ...
19 hours ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/116913109141580987888 Beasts of War : CoolMiniOrNot Brings Steampunk To Kickstarter - CoolMiniOrNot switches into high "gear" with their newest...
CoolMiniOrNot Brings Steampunk To Kickstarter - CoolMiniOrNot switches into high "gear" with their newest Kickstarter, The World Of Smog: On Her Majesty's Service. This steampunk board game takes gamers on a wild ride that's constantly in motion as they try to acquire the Artefacts required by Queen Victoria. http://ht.ly/2PWlKJ
ht.ly/2PWlKJ
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https://plus.google.com/114042217038347888352 Coins & Banknotes on eBid : 1886 Farthing Queen Victoria UK Charity: Bid: £14.99 Buynow Price £14.99 Remaining 06 days 23 hrs 1886...
1886 Farthing Queen Victoria UK Charity: Bid: £14.99 Buynow Price £14.99 Remaining 06 days 23 hrs 1886 ~ Farthing ~ Queen Victoria Uncleaned All proceeds to Charity Thank You Need to Register? Haven't registered yet? If you like this item and would like to buy or place a bid/offer you need to… #eBid
1886 Farthing Queen Victoria UK Charity on eBid United Kingdom
1886 Farthing Queen Victoria UK Charity Listing in the Farthings,United Kingdom,Coins,Coins & Banknotes Category on eBid United Kingdom
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https://plus.google.com/106770229438719038596 Travel and Tour World : Queen Victoria Dazzles as a New Stage Show ‘Hollywood Rocks’ debuts to Rave Reviews The impressive production...
Queen Victoria Dazzles as a New Stage Show ‘Hollywood Rocks’ debuts to Rave Reviews
The impressive production, which cost over £300,000 to stage, takes passengers on an imaginative journey from the silent screen, through the golden age of cinema, to contemporary Oscar winners  Continue Reading...
Travel and Tour World: Queen Victoria Dazzles as a New Stage Show ‘Hollywood Rocks’ debuts to Rave Reviews
Travel and Tour World, a travel trade media and an information platform, is an all-inclusive and far-reaching B2B travel magazine. It aspires to build a network of travel and tour professionals across the globe to mark its presence in this increasingly competitive market. [TRAVELANDTOURWORLD.
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https://plus.google.com/114042217038347888352 Coins & Banknotes on eBid : 1891 GB 1 Farthing coin Queen Victoria (a): Bid: £1.99 Buynow Price £1.99 Remaining 06 days 23 hrs 18...
1891 GB 1 Farthing coin Queen Victoria (a): Bid: £1.99 Buynow Price £1.99 Remaining 06 days 23 hrs 18 91 GB Queen Victoria Farthing A one farthing (quarter penny) from the reign of Queen Victoria , showing the familiar image of a seated Britannia . The obverse has a young head bust of Queen… #eBid
1891 GB 1 Farthing coin Queen Victoria (a) on eBid United Kingdom
1891 GB 1 Farthing coin Queen Victoria (a) Listing in the Farthings,United Kingdom,Coins,Coins & Banknotes Category on eBid United Kingdom
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https://plus.google.com/109611814724002810414 ARMENIAN GENOCIDE : William Dean Howells This is a chapter about the Armenians of Venice from William Dean Howells’s documentary...
William Dean Howells

This is a chapter about the Armenians of Venice from William Dean Howells’s documentary book “Venetian Life”. The author is known for his great work on realistic descriptions of places, events and people. In this chapter called “The Armenians” he describes the life and people of Armenian clergy of Venice, San Lazzaro. The same place where the famous poet Lord Byron learned the Armenian language and fell in love with the Armenian culture and its people. Among other things Howells describes the inner as well as outer beauty of the Armenian people and how they turned a deserted island into the most beautiful one in Venice.

CHAPTER XIII.
THE ARMENIANS.
Among the pleasantest friends we made in Venice were the monks of the Armenian Convent, whose cloistral buildings rise from the glassy lagoon, upon the south of the city, near a mile away. This bulk
“Of mellow brick-work on an isle of bowers”
is walled in with solid masonry from the sea, and encloses a garden-court, filled with all beautiful flowers, and with the memorable trees of the East; while another garden encompasses the monastery itself, and yields those honest fruits and vegetables which supply the wants of the well- cared-for mortal part of the good brothers. The island is called San Lazzaro, and the convent was established in 1717 by a learned and devoted Armenian priest named Mechithar, from whom the present order of monks is called Mechitharist. He was the first who formed the idea of educating a class of priests to act as missionaries among the Armenian nation in the East, and infuse into its civil and religious decay the life of European piety and learning. He founded at Sebaste, therefore, a religious order of which the seat was presently removed to Constantinople, where the friars met with so much persecution from Armenian heterodoxy that it was again transferred, and fixed at Modone in Morea. That territory falling into the hands of the Turks, the Mechitharists fled with their leader to Venice, where the Republic bestowed upon them a waste and desolate island, which had formerly been used as a place of refuge for lepers; and the monks made it the loveliest spot in all the lagoons.
The little island has such a celebrity in travel and romance, that I feel my pen catching in the tatters of a threadbare theme. And yet I love the place and its people so well, that I could scarcely pass it without mention. Every tourist who spends a week in Venice goes to see the convent, and every one is charmed with it and the courteous welcome of the fathers. Its best interest is the intrinsic interest attaching to it as a seat of Armenian culture; but persons who relish the cheap sentimentalism of Byron’s life, find the convent all the more entertaining from the fact that he did the Armenian language the favor to study it there, a little. The monks show his autograph, together with those of other distinguished persons, and the Armenian Bible which he used to read. I understood from one of the friars, Padre Giacomo Issaverdanz, that the brothers knew little or nothing of Byron’s celebrity as a poet while he studied with them, and that his proficiency as an Armenian scholar was not such as to win high regard from them. 
I think most readers who have visited the convent will recall the pleasant face and manners of the young father mentioned, who shows the place to English-speaking travelers, and will care to know that Padre Giacomo was born at Smyrna, and dwelt there in the family of an English lady, till he came to Venice, and entered on his monastic life at San Lazzaro.
He came one morning to breakfast with us, bringing with him Padre Alessio, a teacher in the Armenian College in the city. As for the latter, it was not without a certain shock that I heard Mesopotamia mentioned as his birthplace, having somehow in childhood learned to regard that formidable name as little better than a kind of profane swearing. But I soon came to know Padre Alessio apart from his birthplace, and to find him very interesting as a scholar and an artist. He threw a little grace of poetry around our simple feast, by repeating some Armenian verses,—grace all the more ethereal from our entire ignorance of what the verses meant. Our breakfast-table talk wrought to friendship the acquaintance made some time before, and the next morning we received the photograph of Padre Giacomo, and the compliments of the Orient, in a heaped basket of ripe and luscious figs from the garden of the Convent San Lazzaro. When, in turn, we went to visit him at the convent, we had experience of a more curious oriental hospitality. Refreshments were offered to us as to friends, and we lunched fairily upon little dishes of rose leaves, delicately preserved, with all their fragrance, in a “lucent sirup.” It seemed that this was a common conserve in the East; but we could hardly divest ourselves of the notion of sacrilege, as we thus fed upon the very most luxurious sweetness and perfume of the soul of summer. Pleasant talk accompanied the dainty repast,—Padre Giacomo recounting for us some of his adventures with the people whom he had to show about the convent, and of whom many were disappointed at not finding a gallery or museum, and went away in extreme disgust; and relating with a sly, sarcastic relish that blent curiously with his sweetness and gentleness of spirit, how some English people once came with the notion that Lord Byron was an Armenian; how an unhappy French gentleman, who had been robbed in Southern Italy, would not be parted a moment from a huge bludgeon which he carried in his hand, and (probably disordered by his troubles) could hardly be persuaded from attacking the mummy which is in one of the halls; how a sharp, bustling, go-ahead Yankee rushed in one morning, rubbing his hands, and demanding, “Show me all you can in five minutes.”
As a seat of learning, San Lazzaro is famed throughout the Armenian world, and gathers under its roof the best scholars and poets of that nation. In the printing-office of the convent books are printed in some thirty different languages; and a number of the fathers employ themselves constantly in works of translation. The most distinguished of the Armenian literati now living at San Lazzaro is the Reverend Father Gomidas Pakraduni, who has published an Armenian version of “Paradise Lost,” and whose great labor the translation of Homer, has been recently issued from the convent press. He was born at Constantinople of an ancient and illustrious family, and took religious orders at San Lazzaro, where he was educated, and where for twenty-five years after his consecration he held the professorship of his native tongue. He devoted himself especially to the culture of the ancient Armenian, and developed it for the expression of modern ideas, he made exhaustive study of the vast collection of old manuscripts at San Lazzaro, and then went to Paris in pursuance of his purpose, and acquainted himself with all the treasures of Armenian learning in the Bibliotheque Royale. He became the first scholar of the age in his national language, and acquired at the same time a profound knowledge of Latin and Greek.
Returning to Constantinople, Father Pakraduni, whose fame had preceded him, took up his residence in the family of a noble Armenian, high in the service of the Turkish government; and while assuming the care of educating his friend’s children, began those labors of translation which have since so largely employed him. He made an Armenian version of Pindar, and wrote a work on Rhetoric, both of which were destroyed by fire while yet in the manuscript. He labored, meanwhile, on his translation of the Iliad,—a youthful purpose which he did not see fulfilled till the year 1860, when he had already touched the Psalmist’s limit of life. In this translation he revived with admirable success an ancient species of Armenian verse, which bears, in flexibility and strength, comparison with the original Greek. Another of his great labors was the production of an Armenian Grammar, in which he reduced to rule and order the numerous forms of his native tongue, never before presented by one work in all its eastern variety.
Padre Giacomo, to whose great kindness I am indebted for a biographic and critical notice in writing of Father Pakraduni, considers the epic poem by that scholar a far greater work than any of his philological treatises, profound and thorough as they are. When nearly completed, this poem perished in the same conflagration which consumed the Pindar and the Rhetoric; but the poet patiently began his work anew, and after eight years gave his epic of twenty books and twenty-two thousand verses to the press. The hero of the poem is Haik, the first Armenian patriarch after the flood, and the founder of a kingly dynasty. Nimrod, the great hunter, drunk with his victories, declares himself a god, and ordains his own worship throughout the Orient. Haik refuses to obey the commands of the tyrant, takes up arms against him, and finally kills him in battle. “In the style of this poem,” writes Padre Giacomo, “it is hard to tell whether to admire most its richness, its energy, its sweetness, its melancholy, its freedom, its dignity, or its harmony, for it has all these virtues in turn. The descriptive parts are depicted with the faithfulest pencil: the battle scenes can only be matched in the Iliad.”
Father Pakraduni returned, after twenty-five years’ sojourn at Constantinople, to publish his epic at San Lazzaro, where he still lives, a tranquil, gentle old man, with a patriarchal beauty and goodness of face. In 1861 he printed his translation of Milton, with a dedication to Queen Victoria. His other works bear witness to the genuineness of his inspiration and piety, and the diligence of his study: they are poems, poetic translations from the Italian, religious essays, and grammatical treatises.
Indeed, the existence of all the friars at San Lazzaro is one of close and earnest study; and life grows so fond of these quiet monks that it will hardly part with them at last. One of them is ninety-five years old, and, until 1863, there was a lay-brother among them whose years numbered a hundred and eight, and who died of old age, on the 17th of September, after passing fifty-eight years at San Lazzaro. From biographic memoranda furnished me by Padre Giacomo, I learn that the name of this patriarch was George Karabagiak, and that he was a native of Kutaieh in Asia Minor. He was for a long time the disciple of Dede Vartabied, a renowned preacher of the Armenian faith, and he afterward taught the doctrines of his master in the Armenian schools. Failing in his desire to enter upon the sacerdotal life at Constantinople, he procured his admission as lay-brother at San Lazzaro, where all his remaining days were spent. He was but little learned; but he had great passion for poetry, and he was the author of some thirty small works on different subjects. During the course of his long and diligent life, which was chiefly spent in learning and teaching, he may be said to have hardly known a day’s sickness. And at last he died of no perceptible disorder. The years tired him to death. He had a trifling illness in August, and as he convalesced, he grew impatient of the tenacious life which held him to earth. Slowly pacing up and down the corridors of the convent, he used to crave the prayers of the brothers whom he met, beseeching them to intercede with Heaven that he might be suffered to die. One day he said to the archbishop, “I fear that God has abandoned me, and I shall live.” Only a little while before his death he wrote some verses, as Padre Giacomo’s memorandum witnesses, “with a firm and steady hand,” and the manner of his death was this,—as recorded in the grave and simple words of my friend’s note:—”Finally, on the 17th of September, very early in the morning, a brother entering his chamber, asked him how he was. ‘Well,’ he replied, turning his face to the wall, and spoke no more. He had passed to a better life.”
It seems to me there is a pathos in the close of this old man’s life,— which I hope has not been lost by my way of describing it,—and there is certainly a moral. I have read of an unlucky sage who discovered the Elixir of Life, and who, after thrice renewing his existence, at last voluntarily resigned himself to death, because he had exhausted all that life had to offer of pleasure or of pain, and knew all its vicissitudes but the very last. Brother Karabagiak seems to have had no humor to take even a second ease of life. It is perhaps as well that most men die before reaching the over-ripeness of a hundred and eight years; and, doubtless, with all our human willfulness and ignorance, we would readily consent, if we could fix the time, to go sooner—say, at a hundred and seven years, friends?
Besides the Convent of San Lazzaro, where Armenian boys from all parts of the East are educated for the priesthood, the nation has a college in the city in which boys intended for secular careers receive their schooling. The Palazzo Zenobia is devoted to the use of this college, where, besides room for study, the boys have abundant space and apparatus for gymnastics, and ample grounds for gardening. We once passed a pleasant summer evening there, strolling through the fragrant alleys of the garden, in talk with the father-professors, and looking on at the gymnastic feats of the boys; and when the annual exhibition of the school took place in the fall, we were invited to be present.
The room appointed for the exhibition was the great hall of the palace, which in other days had evidently been a ball-room. The ceiling was frescoed in the manner of the last century, with Cupids and Venuses, Vices and Virtues, fruits and fiddles, dwarfs and blackamoors; and the painted faces looked down on a scene of as curious interest as ever the extravagant loves and graces of Tiepolo might hope to see, when the boys of the college, after assisting at Te Deum in the chapel, entered the room, and took their places.
At the head of the hall sat the archbishop in his dark robes, with his heavy gold chain about his neck—a figure and a countenance in all things spiritual, gracious, and reverend. There is small difference, I believe, between the creeds of the Armenians and the Roman Catholics, but a very great disparity in the looks of the two priesthoods, which is all in favor of the former. The Armenian wears his beard, and the Latin shaves—which may have a great deal to do with the holiness of appearance. Perhaps, also, the gentle and mild nature of the oriental yields more sweetly and entirely to the self-denials of the ecclesiastical vocation, and thus wins a fairer grace from them. At any rate, I have not seen any thing but content and calm in the visages of the Armenian fathers, among whom the priest-face, as a type, does not exist, though it would mark the Romish ecclesiastic in whatever dress he wore. There is, moreover, a look of such entire confidence and unworldly sincerity in their eyes, that I could not help thinking, as I turned from the portly young fathers to the dark- faced, grave, old-fashioned school-boys, that an exchange of beard only was needed to effect an exchange of character between those youthful elders and their pupils. The gray-haired archbishop is a tall and slender man; but nearly all the fathers take kindly to curves and circles, and glancing down a row of these amiable priests I could scarcely repress a smile at the constant recurrence of the line of beauty in their well- rounded persons.
On the right and left of the archbishop were the few invited guests, and at the other end of the saloon sat one of the fathers, the plump key-stone of an arch of comfortable young students expanding toward us. Most of the boys are from Turkey (the Armenians of Venice, though acknowledging the Pope as their spiritual head, are the subjects of the Sultan), others are of Asiatic birth, and two are Egyptians.
As to the last, I think the Sphinx and the Pyramid could hardly have impressed me more than their dark faces, that seemed to look vaguely on our modern world from the remote twilights of old, and in their very infancy to be reverend through the antiquity of their race. The mother of these boys—a black-eyed, olive-cheeked lady, very handsome and stylish— was present with their younger brother. I hardly know whether to be ashamed of having been awed by hearing of the little Egyptian that his native tongue was Arabic, and that he spoke nothing more occidental than Turkish. But, indeed, was it wholly absurd to offer a tacit homage to this favored boy, who must know the “Arabian Nights” in the original?
The exercises began with a theme in Armenian—a language which, but for its English abundance of sibilants, and a certain German rhythm, was wholly outlandish to our ears. Themes in Italian, German, and French succeeded, and then came one in English. We afterward had speech with the author of this essay, who expressed the liveliest passion for English, in the philosophy and poetry of which it seemed he particularly delighted. He told us that he was a Constantinopolitan, and that in six months more he would complete his collegiate course, when he would return to his native city, and take employment in the service of the Turkish Government. Many others of the Armenian students here also find this career open to them in the East.
The literary exercises closed with another essay in Armenian; and then the archbishop delivered, very gracefully and impressively, an address to the boys. After this, the distribution of the premiums—medals of silver and bronze, and books—took place at the desk of the archbishop. Each boy, as he advanced to receive his premium, knelt and touched the hand of the priest with his lips and forehead,—a quaint and pleasing ceremony which had preceded and followed the reading of all the themes.
The social greetings and congratulations that now took place ended an entertainment throughout which every body was pleased, and the good- natured fathers seemed to be moved with a delight no less hearty than that of the boys themselves. Indeed, the ground of affection and confidence on which the lads and their teachers seemed to meet, was something very novel and attractive. We shook hands with our smiling friends among the padri, took leave of the archbishop, and then visited the studio of Padre Alessio, who had just finished a faithful and spirited portrait of monsignore. Adieux to the artist and to Padre Giacomo brought our visit to an end; and so, from that scene of oriental learning, simplicity, and kindliness, we walked into our western life once more, and resumed our citizenship and burden in the Venetian world—out of the waters of which, like a hydra or other water beast, a bathing boy instantly issued and begged of us.
A few days later our good Armenians went to pass a month on the main-land near Padua, where they have comfortable possessions. Peace followed them, and they came back as plump as they went.

http://peopleofar.wordpress.com/2011/10/21/william-dean-howells-1837-about-armenians/

#armenia     #williamdeanhowells   #culture     #history     #religion  
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Seminar Questions
1. What are Marian persecutions?
2. On what charge was Lady Jane Grey executed?
3. What impact did the Age of Discovery have on England?
4. Who is John Calvin?
5. What event is described as the Rising of the North?
6. What is a personal union?
7. What developments in arts and sciences are attributed to the Jacobean era?
8. When did the English Civil War begin? What lands were occupied by Royalists and Parliamentarians? 
9. Why did Charles I ask for 2 shirts on the day of the execution?
10. Give definitions to the following political groups: Levellers and Diggers.
11. What is the New Model Army?
12. What was the reason for the Glorious Revolution of 1688?
13. Who laid the foundation of cabinet government in the UK?
14. What is South Sea Bubble?
15. What were the social and economic effects of the Industrial Revolution?
16. Who are Luddites?
17. Why did the ruling house of the UK change after death of Queen Victoria? 
18. What is Devolution in the UK?
19. What is Partiation of Canada?
20. How many countries on the African continent were under the sway of the UK at the beginning of the XX century?
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https://plus.google.com/108163267488988758473 Benjamin Rowett : Medical treatment Contraception Abortion All patients must give their medical practitioner a valid consent...
Medical treatment
Contraception
Abortion
All patients must give their medical practitioner a valid consent before any treatment is given to them (see “Information and consent”, in Chapter 19.1: Health Law). Otherwise, the patient may have a right to sue the doctor for unauthorised treatment.

For consent to be valid, the person giving it must have full legal capacity. Generally, a person under 18 does not have full legal capacity, but a young person may enter into a legally binding contract for “necessaries”, which would include any necessary medical treatment. (See “Legal capacity” in Chapter 12.1: The Law of Contract.)

There is no law in Victoria which fixes the age at which a young person has legal capacity to either give or withhold consent to treatment in their own right.

The common law rule (see Glossary for definition) that applies in such cases is that the patient must be old enough to be capable of forming a sound and reasoned judgment about the matter for which consent is required. This, of course, depends on the maturity and intelligence of the patient and the nature and seriousness of the treatment.

Under certain orders or sections of the Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 (Vic) (“CYFA”) (including those relating to a young person serving a sentence in a youth residential centre or youth training centre), the secretary of the DHS may order that a young person in their care or custody (or in the care or custody of a suitable person or community service) be examined to determine the young person’s medical, physical, intellectual or mental condition. Arrangements may be made for the provision of any necessary medical, dental, psychiatric, psychological or pharmaceutical services to that person (s 597).

In certain circumstances on the advice of a legally qualified medical practitioner, the minister, the secretary of the DHS or any person authorised by the secretary may consent to the medical treatment of a surgical or other operation, or the admission to hospital of a young person under certain Children’s Court orders (including the young person undergoing sentence), even if the parent objects (s 597).

A young person may be admitted and detained in a psychiatric in-patient service as an involuntary patient in the same way as an adult (ss 8–13 Mental Health Act 1986 (Vic)).

The right to consent carries with it the right to choose the doctor of the patient’s choice and the right to professional secrecy regarding the patient’s consultation with the doctor (see “Privacy and confidentiality”, in Chapter 19.1: Health Law). Therefore, it appears that a young person capable of consenting to treatment has the right to prevent the doctor from disclosing the nature of the treatment to a parent or guardian. A parent who can consent can also, of course, refuse to consent to treatment.

If a young person is considered to be capable of giving a valid consent to treatment and refuses to give it, the consent of the parent or guardian is irrelevant and the young person could bring an action against the doctor should treatment be continued. However, failure to consent to medical treatment could, in some circumstances, result in the bringing of a protection application under section 162(f) of CYFA (see “Protection applications”, in Chapter 6.2: The Children’s Court).

A court could probably, in some cases, over-ride the wishes of a young person who is of sufficient maturity to make an informed decision but refuses to consent to medical treatment. In the English case of Re W (a minor) (medical treatment) [1992] 4 All ER 627, the Court of Appeal ordered that a 16-year-old suffering from anorexia nervosa receive hospital treatment, against her wishes, as continuing refusal of treatment would in all probability lead to death or severe permanent injury.

In a medical emergency the doctor acts as an agent of necessity and is permitted to carry out whatever treatment is immediately required in the best interests of the patient, regardless of whether or not a consent has been obtained. Such an emergency occurs where a qualified medical practitioner considers it necessary to immediately carry out a medical procedure to preserve the life or health of a patient.

Contraception

Many doctors will refuse to either give contraceptive advice or prescribe oral contraceptives to unmarried young women without parental consent, although most Family Planning Associations and many public hospitals will do so. The law is not clear in this area.

A court decision in England confirms that doctors can in some circumstances properly prescribe contraceptives to girls under 18. In Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and the Department of Health and Social Security [1985] 1 All ER 533, a majority of the House of Lords decided that a doctor who, in exceptional circumstances, gives contraceptive advice and treatment to a girl below the age of 16 years, without her parents’ knowledge or consent, will not necessarily infringe parental rights or incur criminal liability or otherwise act in a way which is contrary to public policy.

In Victoria all contraceptives (and these are widely defined) must be registered prior to marketing; and legislation regulates their sale, exhibition and advertising.

Oral contraceptives (because of their chemical composition) are in most cases available only on prescription and therefore may only be supplied by a pharmacist. There is no law which prevents a doctor from prescribing oral contraceptives to a young person.

Young people are entitled to purchase contraceptive devices provided the devices are registered.

Abortion

The Abortion Law Reform Act 2008 (Vic) decriminalised abortion, making it legal for a doctor to perform an abortion on a woman who is not more than 24 weeks pregnant. An abortion may be performed on a woman who is more than 24 weeks pregnant if a doctor believes that it is appropriate in all the circumstances and has consulted at least one other doctor who shares that view.

The Act is silent on the age at which an abortion may be performed. In the past it has been common practice for girls under 16 to be required to have either parental consent or a psychiatric referral. Many doctors would refuse to perform an abortion on a girl under 18 without parental consent.

Useful addresses
Family Planning Victoria Action Centre (for people under 25)
Level 1, 92–94 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne Vic 3000
Tel: 9660 4700; 1800 013 95
Email: action@fpv.org.au
Web: www.fpv.org.au
Family Planning Victoria Inc. Youth Resource Centre (for people under 25)
86 Derrimut Road, Hoppers Crossing Vic 3029
Family Planning Victoria
901 Whitehorse Road, Box Hill Vic 3128
Tel: 9257 0100
Email: fpv@fpv.org.au
Web: www.fpv.org.au
Fertility Control Clinic
118 Wellington Parade, East Melbourne Vic 3002
24-hour telephone service: 9419 2922
Email: clinic@iprimus.com.au
Web: www.fcc.com.au
Women’s Information and Referral Exchange (WIRE)
Queen Victoria Women’s Centre, ground floor, 210 Lonsdale Street, Melbourne Vic 3000
Tel: 1300 134 130
TTY: 13 36 77
Email: wire@wire.org.au
Web: www.wire.org.au
www.fpv.org.au

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