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https://plus.google.com/111716618263693714376 Ahmed Mahmoud : Tomb of King Tutankhamun Tutankhamun was a pharaoh of the Egyptian family of eighteen in the history...
Tomb of King Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun was a pharaoh of the Egyptian family of eighteen in the history of ancient Egypt , the Pharaoh of Egypt from 1334 to 1325 BC . AD . In the era of the modern state. Tutankhamun is of the most famous pharaohs for reasons not related to the achievements made ​​or won wars , as is the case with a lot of the Pharaohs ; , but for other reasons are important from a historical perspective , and most notably is the discovery of his tomb and his treasures in full without any damage . The mystery surrounding the circumstances of his death , as many considered the death of Pharaoh at a very early age is abnormal , especially with the presence of traces of fractures of the thigh bone and skull , and his minister marriage of his widow after his death and the inauguration of the same Pharaoh . All of these events mysterious , and use heavy myth of the curse of the pharaohs associated with the tomb of Tutankhamun , which have been used in movies and video games made ​​Tutankhamun months Pharaohs of mysteries and questions No Answer have considered some of the oldest assassinations in the history of humanity. [2] Tutankhamun at the age of 9 years old when he became pharaoh of Egypt and the ancient Egyptian language name means " the living image of the god Amun " , a large ancient Egyptian gods . Tutankhamun lived in a transitional period in the history of ancient Egypt where he came after Akhenaten , who tried to unite the gods of ancient Egypt in the form of one God Sunday. It was in his return to the worship of multiple gods of ancient Egypt . His tomb was discovered in 1922 in the Valley of the Kings by British archaeologist Howard Carter . This latest discovery fanfare and extensive in the world.
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https://plus.google.com/104265122542848108961 What wanna : New generation of archaeologists takes ancient Egypt into 21st century Young experts bring fresh ideas...
New generation of archaeologists takes ancient Egypt into 21st century
Young experts bring fresh ideas to help reform institutions in charge of likes of Tutankhamun’s tomb and Giza pyramids

Tourists at the Pyramids of Giza. Until recently, few Egyptian experts had significant field training. Photograph: Steven Allan/Getty Images
Five years ago, if archaeologists digging up pharaonic ruins in Egypt found any human bones, they would usually throw them away. “Most Egyptian archaeological missions looked at human remains as garbage,” said Afaf Wahba, a young official at Egypt’s antiquities ministry.

But osteology, the study of bones, is standard practice on digs outside Egypt – and Wahba wants Egyptian teams to follow suit. After a five-year campaign, each Egyptian province is now meant to have an osteologist, and Wahba hopes the ministry will found its own osteology department. But, as she put it: “I am struggling to inform people in the SCA that human remains are very important.”

Wahba’s mission is one example of a generational shift that optimists hope can slowly reform Egypt’s bureaucratic state institutions, not least its ministry of state for antiquities (MSA). The MSA has ultimate jurisdiction over arguably the planet’s most impressive collection of monuments and museums, hundreds of sites including the tomb of Tutankhamun, the mosques of medieval Cairo, and – in the Giza pyramids – the last remaining wonder of the ancient world.

“It’s a bit like English Heritage, the British Museum and a university research department rolled into one,” said Chris Naunton, the head of the Egypt Exploration Society (EES), a British charity that supports Egyptian archaeology.

Yet despite its power and potential, the ministry – like many Egyptian institutions – is often accused of being a quagmire of paperwork. Foreign archaeologists complain they sometimes can’t import the equipment they need, or export rock samples for analysis. Taking such samples to foreign laboratories is banned and, as a result, local digs are overlooked by international donors, who prioritise projects with access to the latest research techniques. “Bureaucracy is such a monster in Egypt,” said Giulio Lucarini, an archaeology professor whose digs are among those affected by the ban based in Cambridge.

Officials look at the golden sarcophagus of the Tutankhamun after the mummy of the boy king was taken out of its sarcophagus and displayed to the public in 2007. Photograph: Mike Nelson/EPA
Local archaeologists have their own frustrations. Many want better field training, more opportunities for promotion, and say their ideas for reform are rarely listened to. “If you want to do something, you go to your boss, and from his boss to another boss – and so on to get permission,” said Moamen Saad, another young ministry official, of the process of starting a new project.

Decision-making is opaque. Activists say Egypt’s oldest pyramid, the Djoser at Saqqara, has been ruined by a ministry-sponsored restoration effort. The ministry denies the charge – but without independent arbitration, no one can know who is right.

According to Naunton, “there is very little mechanism for criticising the ministry for what it does. And that’s not very healthy”. When you’re talking about a big government institution, you should be able to say: maybe there’s another way of doing that.

But hope is on the horizon. A new generation of officials, a new approach to archaeology at Egypt’s leading state university and a new ministry leadership has given archaeologists hope that things may gradually change. Wahba and Saad personify the new broom. Wahba’s enthusiasm for osteology could shake up the ministry’s approach to research.

Saad wants to improve the practical education given to young ministry employees. Archaeology courses at Egyptian universities are theory-based, so new recruits arrive at the ministry with no experience of archaeological digs. Apart from a week-long course in the Sinai desert, the MSA does little to beef up their skills.

Saad wants to change all that. In 2012, while working at the temples of Luxor, he and local colleagues set up their own field training school, giving 100 officials a new set of skills they would have found hard to come by elsewhere.

Now Saad wants to replicate the scheme elsewhere. “This is my dream project – to do it again and again,” he said. “Lots of colleagues gave me a hand. Now I want to give a hand to my colleagues.”

A member of the Egyptian special forces stands guard in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo in January 2011 after would-be looters broke in. Photograph: Tara Todras-Whitehill/AP
Then there’s 33-year-old Mohamed Gamal, formerly a curator at the Grand Egyptian Museum – one of two unfinished Egyptology museums that are being built to supplement the cluttered, decades-old Egyptian museum in Tahrir Square. Like many observers, Gamal feels it isn’t yet clear how the three museums will complement each other – so he is developing a masterplan that, if adopted, may finally give each of the trio a clear and unique mandate.

“A very simple question that is always asked is: why do you have two new museums in the same city? What will you do with the Egyptian museum? During the last few years, no one from the Egyptian side had a good answer,” said Gamal. “So the proposal I’m working on I hope will have the answer.”

Gamal, Saad and Wahba are not alone. They reckon they are part of a group of about 60 up-and-comers, all intent on helping the ministry reach its potential. “They have an awareness,” said the EES’s Naunton, “that there is an opportunity – if they and others like them can get into the right positions in the ministry – to genuinely reform things, to make sure that the ministry is dealing in the best way with all the challenges it faces.”

Groups including the EES are giving them a hand. In partnership with the ministry, the EES awards scholarships to some of the MSA’s high flyers, taking six young officials – including Gamal and Wahba – to Britain for workshops with leading British curators, conservators and archaeologists, and access to some of the world’s best archaeological libraries. In Egypt itself, the Ancient Egypt Research Associates (Aera), an American conservation group, has spent the past decade giving field training to Egyptian archaeologists – providing the latest generation, including Moamen Saad, with an unprecedented set of field skills. This year, this change in approach spread to Cairo university, where the new head of conservation, Mostafa Attia, introduced field training for the first time.

Foreign groups such as Aera and EES are aware of the balance they, as foreigners, must strike while intervening in an industry in which colonialism casts a long shadow. But they argue the guidance they give makes Egypt less dependent on foreign expertise. Foreign archaeologists say that five years ago, before Aera’s workshops had made much headway, you wouldn’t have been able to staff a dig exclusively with competent local archaeologists – most Egyptians didn’t have the training.

The British archaeologist Howard Carter at the tomb of Tutankhamun, in 1923. Photograph: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS
Now that’s changing: for the first time, digs are being staffed by Egyptians alone. “And that’s how it should be,” said Naunton. “It should be people like Moamen and Afaf who are running the foremost archaeological projects in Egypt – but until recently that hasn’t been possible, which has given the whole thing a very colonial feel.”

For its part, the ministry says it wants to modernise. It positively welcomes projects such as the Aera field schools, and the EES scholarships, according to Hisham Elleithy, who heads a department within the MSA. “When they come back from their scholarships,” he said, “they can transfer their experience to their colleagues in the museums and the sites.”

If there are failings, they’re often caused by problems beyond the ministry’s control, Elleithy added. The 2011 uprising caused a collapse in tourism, which reduced the ministry’s revenuesby 95%. As a result, it has struggled to pay its 44,000 employees, let alone embark on grand projects of reform. The looting of hundreds of archaeological sites, meanwhile, is due to a security vacuum caused by the uprising.

The newly appointed antiquities minister, Mamdouh Damaty, is said to be refreshingly open to new ideas, and has already appointed fresh faces to key positions. “Professor Damaty has a lot of great ideas,” said Elleithy. “encouraging the younger generation … choosing the right persons for the right places. Their age doesn’t matter – it’s their experience and ideas.”

Young officials hope this early promise results in real change. “Trust the new generation,” saidSaad, in an appeal that will resonate across post-revolutionary Egypt. “Be flexible, listen to them and their ideas … Let’s test it and if it’s OK, let’s continue with it. But don’t from the beginning say no.”
Source:theguardian
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https://plus.google.com/107564271115379024317 George Bost : Howard Carter opening the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in 1924 pic.twitter.com/fEIixXMDCF — Classic...
Howard Carter opening the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in 1924 pic.twitter.com/fEIixXMDCF — Classic Pics (@classicepics) October 23, 2014
Howard Carter opening the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in 1924— Classic Pics (@classicepics)
Howard Carter opening the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in 1924 pic.twitter.com/fEIixXMDCF — Classic Pics (@classicepics) October 23, 2014
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https://plus.google.com/101274439675972416617 alternativenewstome1 : New Research Suggests Tutankhamun Died From Genetic Weakness Caused By Family Inbreeding  http://bit.ly...
New Research Suggests Tutankhamun Died From Genetic Weakness Caused By Family Inbreeding  http://bit.ly/1rbAaUE

In November last year, scientists announced that they had finally solved the mystery of King Tutankhamun’s death after 3,300 years.

 The boy king, they claimed, died after being struck by a speeding chariot. However, a new ‘virtual autopsy’ of the world-famous pharaoh has revealed that serious genetic physical impairments would have made riding a chariot impossible. According to a report in The Independent, the results instead suggest that Tutankhamun succumbed to genetic impairments that were caused by the fact that his parents were brother and sister. 

Tutankhamun was the 11th pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, a period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom, which was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. The king, who began his reign at the tender age of ten, became one of the most famous pharaoh’s of Egypt following the 1922 discovery of his opulent tomb by Howard Carter, along with his body and spectacular golden mask, and the tales of the supposed curse placed upon his tomb.  

In February 2010, the results of DNA tests confirmed that he was the son of Akhenaten and Akhenaten's sister and wife. Marriage within family was not uncommon in ancient Egypt and was practiced among royalty as a means of perpetuating the royal lineage. The pharaohs believed they were descended from the gods and incest was seen as acceptable so as to retain the sacred bloodline.

However, what they were unaware of the time was the severe consequences of family inbreeding. The fact that Tutankhamun’s parents had been brother and sister, resulted in numerous genetic conditions that the boy king suffered, including a cleft palate, a club foot, feminine hips, and a severe overbite.

More http://bit.ly/1rbAaUE
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https://plus.google.com/103384188215823307363 Hotel Danubia Gate : Tutankhamun in Bratislava The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for...
Tutankhamun in Bratislava
The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for a few months in Bratislava. Take a step back in time and explore distant empire of the Pharaohs and relive the adventure of famous archeologist Howard Carter when he uncovered the world-famous Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922.
#Bratislava #visitBratislava
Tutankhamun in Bratislava | Blog
The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for a few months in Bratislava. Take a step back in time and explore distant empire of the Pharaohs and relive the adventure of famous archeologist Howard Carter when he uncovered the world-famous Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922.
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https://plus.google.com/101162197484604034999 Vincenzo Sanfilippo :  - 5W - 21 October 2014 - n.12.21 - Tutankhamun - http://www.caffeinamagazine.it/storia/3730-dietro-...
 - 5W - 21 October 2014 - n.12.21 - Tutankhamun - http://www.caffeinamagazine.it/storia/3730-dietro-la-maschera-del-faraone-ecco-il-vero-aspetto-di-tutankhamon - October 20, 2014 - Tutankhamun Had the hips of a woman, teeth apart, a sprained foot That forced him to walk with a cane and now His face is visible to everyone thanks to a reconstruction made ​​possible by virtual autopsy Conducted on the mummy of one who, twelfth pharaoh of the new kingdom of Egypt, is known as the boy pharaoh. Another discovery imported: he was the son of incest. Tutankhamun's parents were in fact brother and sister. Shattering the result of the autopsy: the golden masks of Pharaoh, the image That Has Always Been restored to the world, Is that of a beautiful and majestic character. But in reality was very different: it Confirms the two thousand scans on the mummy and the careful genetic analysis Carried Out on His Family. It is PRECISELY the parents the cause of hormonal imbalances of Pharaoh and of His untimely death, it was for an accident chariot as Often assumed, but for an inherited disease. His reputation is linked to the discovery of His tomb, virtually untouched, Which Took place in November 1922 in the work of the expedition led by Howard Carter and George Herbert subsidized by, the Earl of Carnarvon.

Reflection: It seems the analysis of voices from the courtyard of the Middle Ages. How can you say that he was the son of a brother and sister, that incest was the cause of the degeneration of genetics, including the ankle cake and protruding teeth? There can be no actual chemical analysis capable of separating elements, from this distance in time, for those relational statements.

http://www.msn.com/it-it/notizie/politica/pd-in-corso-la-direzione-renzi-discussione-su-forma-partito-non-finisce-oggi/ar-BBadx27?ocid=TSHDHP - "We do not make findings or conclusions, however, are fueling the debate. Why should answer the questions of the party form a single direction is probably insufficient." He said the prime minister and party secretary of Matteo Renzi, opening the direction of the Democratic Party. "This weekend a major union brings together hundreds of thousands of people. We have a deep respect regardless of the debate that exists among us. Than there every time that an organization faces an important test of the square." So Matteo Renzi in view of the demonstration of the CGIL. "We are going through a season full of a question of politics. Everyone has a double speed than normal. This leads to a first track of reflection: how we are in an international community in the face" to the big international crises ?, said the premier intervening to the direction of the Democratic Party, asking. "making a party on international politics? Discusses law or editorials?". "In Genoa who imagines to exploit the dramatic story of the flood ends in turn challenged", said Renzi referring to the dispute to Beppe Grillo. "Those who try to exploit is indicated by the boys, the mud angels, as what it is, a person who tries to campaign and speculation about them," he says. "It 's embarrassing that M5S have expelled someone, not a line but to the contrary because it asked what organization," said Prime Minister Renzi to the direction of the Democratic Party. "The right not joined to years of ideological values ​​but on a person. What happened in Milan with the manifestation of the League and Casapound shows that trying for the first time an ideological meeting ground. E 'the right try putting cultural roots and attempts to establish an ideology in line with a large part of the European right and was stopped by Grillo and so far from us. "So Renzi analyzes, the manifestation League. "The premise of this term is that it comes to 2018," said the prime minister, pointing to the direction of the Democratic Party to "major tasks" that the Parliament has before. On the job have been "made ​​remarks that we have to solve on the latest direction: the party discusses, talks, but it is clear that if the law of stability we put resources" for reform, "the first of January must start the new procedure, it should be clear "how the system works. So Matteo Renzi talking about the Jobs Act, currently before the House, in direction. "This is a Parliament that is locked for 18 months, in the constitutional quorum is stumped by a block that says 'no' to everything but there is an ongoing steady disintegration" of this block: Renzi has said the Democratic Party leadership in a passage which focuses on the work of the Chambers and the role of M5S and the opposition. Then again, "Napolitano challenged the Parliament which is in a stalemate, and of which we are also co-conspirators, the judges of the Consulta. Parliament must reflect on the impasse in which we came to see." "The Democratic Party must have the means election" to succeed and in this sense it is "better to award the prize to the list that is not in the coalition," according to Matteo Renzi. "The Democratic Party is a party that wins the election to make a law in which it is clear who wins. A key step for Italy because there has never been an electoral law that would make clear who was the winner, nor with the Mattarellum nor with the porcellum. ""Having an electoral law that deliver a winner - hoping to be us - it is only possible with the ballot: it is a great achievement that we have worked several years under secretaries," Bersani, Veltroni, Franceschini. "The conjunction between primary and administrative experience has in some cases produced pies: defend the primaries, but without proper preparation any of our found himself surrendered. Theme exist, but political education means the study, discussion and listening skills," he Renzi said in the direction of the Democratic Party. "In many cases, you choose with the primaries. In others, chooses the executive team." "I guess freedom of conscience not only ethically sensitive materials, but also on constitutional reforms. Ever who does not expel battles set on reforms. But we must give us rules on votes of confidence and decide what is the point where a community is or is not ". So Renzi fixed pegs on the margins of maneuver of parliamentarians in the voting. "In a party of 41% can not be thought not to listen to those who think differently, but we can not become either an electoral committee or a club of anarchists and philosophers." He says the secretary Matteo Renzi assembly Pd. "I would open a discussion" about how you are in the party, he adds, "not impose or propose anything but looking for a solution point., We can also imagine a transition meeting, or a working group, I have no problems on the forms."

- Shut the door, thank you.

(M.S.C.G.)
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https://plus.google.com/111447953164016996711 Nubian Proud : Published on 9 Nov 2013 In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors,...
Published on 9 Nov 2013
In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors, Carter's group was cursed for defiling the pharaoh's grave. Tune in to learn more about the pharaoh's cure -- and why some believe there may be a grain of truth to the story.


Nubian Proud 2014
Watch the video: Is the curse of the pharaohs real?
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In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors, Carter's group was cursed for defiling the pharaoh's grave. Tune in to learn mor...
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https://plus.google.com/104468674495359188864 howard carter :

The Boy Genius of Ulan Bator - NYTimes.com
How a kid from Mongolia found his way to M.I.T.
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https://plus.google.com/105106653632592863364 The Paranormal Guide : Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari This Week in Dark/Strange History Three unrelated stories of ...
Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari
This Week in Dark/Strange History

Three unrelated stories of a strange, unusual or dark nature.

-----

October 14, 1975 – Ronald DeFeo Jr. goes on trial for the murders of Ronald Defeo sr., his wife Dawn and their four children Dawn, Allison, Marc and John. On the evening of November 13 the previous year, Ronald entered a local bar and told of his parents being shot and killed in their home. On arrival, the full shocking scene was discovered – the entire family was shot dead in their beds.

At first Ronald Jr said he believed the murders to be a hit by the mob, but he was soon confessing that he was in fact the perpetrator.

Many aspects of the case were confusing – the family appeared to have been shot dead in their beds, most of them while asleep, and without a struggle. No one heard the gunshots even though the murder weapon did not use a silencer. At one point DeFeo also claimed he was possessed and that the devil made him do it.

His attorney argued for an insanity defence, but this was denied, and Ronald DeFeo Jr was sentenced to six consecutive life sentences of 25 years to life. He is still in jail to this day.

Recent investigations (both amateur and 'professional') have dug up evidence that may suggest he was not alone in carrying out the murders and that a second weapon was used.

The DeFeo's Amityville home was soon sold to the Lutz family who made claims that it was haunted, which resulted in the Amityville Horror book and movies.

-----

October 14, 1925 – On this day, after much planning, the innermost of Tutankhamun's (also Tutenkhamen and Tutenkhamon) sarcophagi is opened to reveal the mummified remains of the boy Pharaoh. It had been well over a year since the Pharaoh's tomb had been discovered – a significant find as it was completely intact.

The tomb was discovered some 3300 years after it was sealed following 'King Tut's' death, when British Archaeologists led by Howard Carter discovered a step leading to the chamber below. It contained hundreds of objects made from gold and other precious resources and provided an as until then unheard of detail in burial rites of the Egyptian kings.

But to many this find seems to have come with a catch, a curse, with a number of those taking part in the find coming to an early death.

-----

October 15, 1917 – "Slowly, inertly, she settled to her knees, her head up always, and without the slightest change of expression on her face. For the fraction of a second it seemed she tottered there, on her knees, gazing directly at those who had taken her life. Then she fell backward, bending at the waist, with her legs doubled up beneath her". So goes the eyewitness account of Henry Wales at the execution of Mata Hari.

Mata Hari, born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle MacLeod, was arrested in her room at the Hotel Elysee Palace in Paris, on charges of espionage – providing information to the enemy, the Germans, during World War 1. She was soon put on trial for causing the deaths of at least 50,000 soldiers, and subsequently found guilty, although there was no definite evidence produced against her.

However 'secret ink' was discovered in her room which was looked as being incriminating, though Hari said it was part of her makeup – she was in fact a very well known exotic dancer and courtesan of high ranking military officials... on both sides of the conflict. Her defence really was non-existent, her lawyer prevented from conducting cross examinations of the prosecutions witnesses nor was he able to question his own witnesses.

The trial was already a foregone conclusion before it had even started. Mata Hari was condemned to death by firing squad.

She sent off appeals but only found they had been denied when she was awoken in her cell by officials and led to a car that took her to the place of execution – an old fort. She refused the blindfold that was offered to her, she said she would not cry. She was not bound to the pole, she met her fate standing. She did not flinch as the orders to ready arms were given to the squad, and when the rifles were fired, she toppled calmly to the ground rather than violently fall.

Although she was dead, a bullet having found her heart, a revolver was emptied into the side of her head as required.

Mata Hari's body was not claimed and was used as a subject for medical study. Her head was removed and embalmed, kept in the museum of anatomy in Paris. However it was discovered in the year 2000 that it was missing, likely that it is held in some private collection somewhere.

-----

Until next week...


Ashley Hall 2013

Photos: Ronald DeFeo Jr.
Inset left: Howard Carter examining the sarcophagus.
Inset right: Mata Hari.

For more information on all things paranormal, strange, dark and macabre visit The Paranormal Guide:

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https://plus.google.com/105106653632592863364 The Paranormal Guide : Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari This Week in Dark/Strange History Three unrelated stories of ...
Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari
This Week in Dark/Strange History

Three unrelated stories of a strange, unusual or dark nature.

---

October 14, 1975 – Ronald DeFeo Jr. goes on trial for the murders of Ronald Defeo sr., his wife Dawn and their four children Dawn, Allison, Marc and John. On the evening of November 13 the previous year, Ronald entered a local bar and told of his parents being shot and killed in their home. On arrival, the full shocking scene was discovered – the entire family was shot dead in their beds.

At first Ronald Jr said he believed the murders to be a hit by the mob, but he was soon confessing that he was in fact the perpetrator.

Many aspects of the case were confusing – the family appeared to have been shot dead in their beds, most of them while asleep, and without a struggle. No one heard the gunshots even though the murder weapon did not use a silencer. At one point DeFeo also claimed he was possessed and that the devil made him do it.

His attorney argued for an insanity defence, but this was denied, and Ronald DeFeo Jr was sentenced to six consecutive life sentences of 25 years to life. He is still in jail to this day.

Recent investigations (both amateur and 'professional') have dug up evidence that may suggest he was not alone in carrying out the murders and that a second weapon was used.

The DeFeo's Amityville home was soon sold to the Lutz family who made claims that it was haunted, which resulted in the Amityville Horror book and movies.

---

October 14, 1925 – On this day, after much planning, the innermost of Tutankhamun's (also Tutenkhamen and Tutenkhamon) sarcophagi is opened to reveal the mummified remains of the boy Pharaoh. It had been well over a year since the Pharaoh's tomb had been discovered – a significant find as it was completely intact.

The tomb was discovered some 3300 years after it was sealed following 'King Tut's' death, when British Archaeologists led by Howard Carter discovered a step leading to the chamber below. It contained hundreds of objects made from gold and other precious resources and provided an as until then unheard of detail in burial rites of the Egyptian kings.

But to many this find seems to have come with a catch, a curse, with a number of those taking part in the find coming to an early death.

---

October 15, 1917 – "Slowly, inertly, she settled to her knees, her head up always, and without the slightest change of expression on her face. For the fraction of a second it seemed she tottered there, on her knees, gazing directly at those who had taken her life. Then she fell backward, bending at the waist, with her legs doubled up beneath her". So goes the eyewitness account of Henry Wales at the execution of Mata Hari.

Mata Hari, born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle MacLeod, was arrested in her room at the Hotel Elysee Palace in Paris, on charges of espionage – providing information to the enemy, the Germans, during World War 1. She was soon put on trial for causing the deaths of at least 50,000 soldiers, and subsequently found guilty, although there was no definite evidence produced against her.

However 'secret ink' was discovered in her room which was looked as being incriminating, though Hari said it was part of her makeup – she was in fact a very well known exotic dancer and courtesan of high ranking military officials... on both sides of the conflict. Her defence really was non-existent, her lawyer prevented from conducting cross examinations of the prosecutions witnesses nor was he able to question his own witnesses.

The trial was already a foregone conclusion before it had even started. Mata Hari was condemned to death by firing squad.

She sent off appeals but only found they had been denied when she was awoken in her cell by officials and led to a car that took her to the place of execution – an old fort. She refused the blindfold that was offered to her, she said she would not cry. She was not bound to the pole, she met her fate standing. She did not flinch as the orders to ready arms were given to the squad, and when the rifles were fired, she toppled calmly to the ground rather than violently fall.

Although she was dead, a bullet having found her heart, a revolver was emptied into the side of her head as required.

Mata Hari's body was not claimed and was used as a subject for medical study. Her head was removed and embalmed, kept in the museum of anatomy in Paris. However it was discovered in the year 2000 that it was missing, likely that it is held in some private collection somewhere.

---

Until next week...


Ashley Hall 2013

Photos: Ronald DeFeo Jr.
Inset left: Howard Carter examining the sarcophagus.
Inset right: Mata Hari.

For more information on all things paranormal, strange, dark and macabre visit The Paranormal Guide:

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https://plus.google.com/106602821740700293121 Krista MacDonald : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-g6ucbKzkFB4/VDWRD4zQC1I/AAAAAAAAYhA/-cIBKYIO2K0/w506-h750/8f85dbb70a604fd7fb386395f0063e8e.jpg
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https://plus.google.com/109463143438311568617 Darlene Noyce : 1920s The discovery of the KV62 the tomb of King Tutankamun ...Howard Carter opens the shrine of Tut
1920s The discovery of the KV62 the tomb of King Tutankamun ...Howard Carter opens the shrine of Tut 
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https://plus.google.com/109463143438311568617 Darlene Noyce : The Griffith Institute ..Tutankamun Anatomy of a Excavation ..The Howard Carter Archives, Photographs...
The Griffith Institute ..Tutankamun Anatomy of a Excavation ..The Howard Carter Archives, Photographs by Harry Burton .
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https://plus.google.com/112569956203172639283 Walid Ata : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.

Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh. 

Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
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https://plus.google.com/109697121571025582434 Adrien Pilot : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.
Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh.
 
Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
10 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/118310661835187082687 Pati Costa : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-g6ucbKzkFB4/VDWRD4zQC1I/AAAAAAAAYhA/-cIBKYIO2K0/w506-h750/8f85dbb70a604fd7fb386395f0063e8e.jpg
14 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/117059966474022660704 mariana barros : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.

Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh. 

Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
16 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/112536649418176704693 Praveen Kamat : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.

Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh. 

Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
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https://plus.google.com/104110205251173492031 Dave Shapiro : Howard Carter in the tomb
Howard Carter in the tomb
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