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https://plus.google.com/101274439675972416617 alternativenewstome1 : New Research Suggests Tutankhamun Died From Genetic Weakness Caused By Family Inbreeding  http://bit.ly...
New Research Suggests Tutankhamun Died From Genetic Weakness Caused By Family Inbreeding  http://bit.ly/1rbAaUE

In November last year, scientists announced that they had finally solved the mystery of King Tutankhamun’s death after 3,300 years.

 The boy king, they claimed, died after being struck by a speeding chariot. However, a new ‘virtual autopsy’ of the world-famous pharaoh has revealed that serious genetic physical impairments would have made riding a chariot impossible. According to a report in The Independent, the results instead suggest that Tutankhamun succumbed to genetic impairments that were caused by the fact that his parents were brother and sister. 

Tutankhamun was the 11th pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, a period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom, which was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. The king, who began his reign at the tender age of ten, became one of the most famous pharaoh’s of Egypt following the 1922 discovery of his opulent tomb by Howard Carter, along with his body and spectacular golden mask, and the tales of the supposed curse placed upon his tomb.  

In February 2010, the results of DNA tests confirmed that he was the son of Akhenaten and Akhenaten's sister and wife. Marriage within family was not uncommon in ancient Egypt and was practiced among royalty as a means of perpetuating the royal lineage. The pharaohs believed they were descended from the gods and incest was seen as acceptable so as to retain the sacred bloodline.

However, what they were unaware of the time was the severe consequences of family inbreeding. The fact that Tutankhamun’s parents had been brother and sister, resulted in numerous genetic conditions that the boy king suffered, including a cleft palate, a club foot, feminine hips, and a severe overbite.

More http://bit.ly/1rbAaUE
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https://plus.google.com/103384188215823307363 Hotel Danubia Gate : Tutankhamun in Bratislava The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for...
Tutankhamun in Bratislava
The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for a few months in Bratislava. Take a step back in time and explore distant empire of the Pharaohs and relive the adventure of famous archeologist Howard Carter when he uncovered the world-famous Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922.
#Bratislava #visitBratislava
Tutankhamun in Bratislava | Blog
The exhibition, which captivated millions of visitors worldwide settled for a few months in Bratislava. Take a step back in time and explore distant empire of the Pharaohs and relive the adventure of famous archeologist Howard Carter when he uncovered the world-famous Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922.
1 day ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/101162197484604034999 Vincenzo Sanfilippo :  - 5W - 21 October 2014 - n.12.21 - Tutankhamun - http://www.caffeinamagazine.it/storia/3730-dietro-...
 - 5W - 21 October 2014 - n.12.21 - Tutankhamun - http://www.caffeinamagazine.it/storia/3730-dietro-la-maschera-del-faraone-ecco-il-vero-aspetto-di-tutankhamon - October 20, 2014 - Tutankhamun Had the hips of a woman, teeth apart, a sprained foot That forced him to walk with a cane and now His face is visible to everyone thanks to a reconstruction made ​​possible by virtual autopsy Conducted on the mummy of one who, twelfth pharaoh of the new kingdom of Egypt, is known as the boy pharaoh. Another discovery imported: he was the son of incest. Tutankhamun's parents were in fact brother and sister. Shattering the result of the autopsy: the golden masks of Pharaoh, the image That Has Always Been restored to the world, Is that of a beautiful and majestic character. But in reality was very different: it Confirms the two thousand scans on the mummy and the careful genetic analysis Carried Out on His Family. It is PRECISELY the parents the cause of hormonal imbalances of Pharaoh and of His untimely death, it was for an accident chariot as Often assumed, but for an inherited disease. His reputation is linked to the discovery of His tomb, virtually untouched, Which Took place in November 1922 in the work of the expedition led by Howard Carter and George Herbert subsidized by, the Earl of Carnarvon.

Reflection: It seems the analysis of voices from the courtyard of the Middle Ages. How can you say that he was the son of a brother and sister, that incest was the cause of the degeneration of genetics, including the ankle cake and protruding teeth? There can be no actual chemical analysis capable of separating elements, from this distance in time, for those relational statements.

http://www.msn.com/it-it/notizie/politica/pd-in-corso-la-direzione-renzi-discussione-su-forma-partito-non-finisce-oggi/ar-BBadx27?ocid=TSHDHP - "We do not make findings or conclusions, however, are fueling the debate. Why should answer the questions of the party form a single direction is probably insufficient." He said the prime minister and party secretary of Matteo Renzi, opening the direction of the Democratic Party. "This weekend a major union brings together hundreds of thousands of people. We have a deep respect regardless of the debate that exists among us. Than there every time that an organization faces an important test of the square." So Matteo Renzi in view of the demonstration of the CGIL. "We are going through a season full of a question of politics. Everyone has a double speed than normal. This leads to a first track of reflection: how we are in an international community in the face" to the big international crises ?, said the premier intervening to the direction of the Democratic Party, asking. "making a party on international politics? Discusses law or editorials?". "In Genoa who imagines to exploit the dramatic story of the flood ends in turn challenged", said Renzi referring to the dispute to Beppe Grillo. "Those who try to exploit is indicated by the boys, the mud angels, as what it is, a person who tries to campaign and speculation about them," he says. "It 's embarrassing that M5S have expelled someone, not a line but to the contrary because it asked what organization," said Prime Minister Renzi to the direction of the Democratic Party. "The right not joined to years of ideological values ​​but on a person. What happened in Milan with the manifestation of the League and Casapound shows that trying for the first time an ideological meeting ground. E 'the right try putting cultural roots and attempts to establish an ideology in line with a large part of the European right and was stopped by Grillo and so far from us. "So Renzi analyzes, the manifestation League. "The premise of this term is that it comes to 2018," said the prime minister, pointing to the direction of the Democratic Party to "major tasks" that the Parliament has before. On the job have been "made ​​remarks that we have to solve on the latest direction: the party discusses, talks, but it is clear that if the law of stability we put resources" for reform, "the first of January must start the new procedure, it should be clear "how the system works. So Matteo Renzi talking about the Jobs Act, currently before the House, in direction. "This is a Parliament that is locked for 18 months, in the constitutional quorum is stumped by a block that says 'no' to everything but there is an ongoing steady disintegration" of this block: Renzi has said the Democratic Party leadership in a passage which focuses on the work of the Chambers and the role of M5S and the opposition. Then again, "Napolitano challenged the Parliament which is in a stalemate, and of which we are also co-conspirators, the judges of the Consulta. Parliament must reflect on the impasse in which we came to see." "The Democratic Party must have the means election" to succeed and in this sense it is "better to award the prize to the list that is not in the coalition," according to Matteo Renzi. "The Democratic Party is a party that wins the election to make a law in which it is clear who wins. A key step for Italy because there has never been an electoral law that would make clear who was the winner, nor with the Mattarellum nor with the porcellum. ""Having an electoral law that deliver a winner - hoping to be us - it is only possible with the ballot: it is a great achievement that we have worked several years under secretaries," Bersani, Veltroni, Franceschini. "The conjunction between primary and administrative experience has in some cases produced pies: defend the primaries, but without proper preparation any of our found himself surrendered. Theme exist, but political education means the study, discussion and listening skills," he Renzi said in the direction of the Democratic Party. "In many cases, you choose with the primaries. In others, chooses the executive team." "I guess freedom of conscience not only ethically sensitive materials, but also on constitutional reforms. Ever who does not expel battles set on reforms. But we must give us rules on votes of confidence and decide what is the point where a community is or is not ". So Renzi fixed pegs on the margins of maneuver of parliamentarians in the voting. "In a party of 41% can not be thought not to listen to those who think differently, but we can not become either an electoral committee or a club of anarchists and philosophers." He says the secretary Matteo Renzi assembly Pd. "I would open a discussion" about how you are in the party, he adds, "not impose or propose anything but looking for a solution point., We can also imagine a transition meeting, or a working group, I have no problems on the forms."

- Shut the door, thank you.

(M.S.C.G.)
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https://plus.google.com/111889407171495157428 Thomas Olanrewaju : The REAL face of King Pharaoh Pharaoh had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth according to 'virtual...
The REAL face of King Pharaoh
Pharaoh had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth according to
'virtual autopsy' that also revealed his parents were brother and sister The boy king has fascinated the world since his tomb was discovered by
Howard Carter in 1922. Now a virtual autopsy co...
The REAL face of King Pharaoh
Pharaoh had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth according to 'virtual autopsy' that also revealed his parents were brother and sister The boy king has fascinated the world since his tomb was discovered by Howard Carter...
2 days ago - Via - View -
https://plus.google.com/111447953164016996711 Nubian Proud : Published on 9 Nov 2013 In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors,...
Published on 9 Nov 2013
In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors, Carter's group was cursed for defiling the pharaoh's grave. Tune in to learn more about the pharaoh's cure -- and why some believe there may be a grain of truth to the story.


Nubian Proud 2014
Watch the video: Is the curse of the pharaohs real?
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In 1922, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of King Tut. According to rumors, Carter's group was cursed for defiling the pharaoh's grave. Tune in to learn mor...
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https://plus.google.com/104468674495359188864 howard carter :

The Boy Genius of Ulan Bator - NYTimes.com
How a kid from Mongolia found his way to M.I.T.
3 days ago - Via Google+ - View -
https://plus.google.com/105106653632592863364 The Paranormal Guide : Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari This Week in Dark/Strange History Three unrelated stories of ...
Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari
This Week in Dark/Strange History

Three unrelated stories of a strange, unusual or dark nature.

-----

October 14, 1975 – Ronald DeFeo Jr. goes on trial for the murders of Ronald Defeo sr., his wife Dawn and their four children Dawn, Allison, Marc and John. On the evening of November 13 the previous year, Ronald entered a local bar and told of his parents being shot and killed in their home. On arrival, the full shocking scene was discovered – the entire family was shot dead in their beds.

At first Ronald Jr said he believed the murders to be a hit by the mob, but he was soon confessing that he was in fact the perpetrator.

Many aspects of the case were confusing – the family appeared to have been shot dead in their beds, most of them while asleep, and without a struggle. No one heard the gunshots even though the murder weapon did not use a silencer. At one point DeFeo also claimed he was possessed and that the devil made him do it.

His attorney argued for an insanity defence, but this was denied, and Ronald DeFeo Jr was sentenced to six consecutive life sentences of 25 years to life. He is still in jail to this day.

Recent investigations (both amateur and 'professional') have dug up evidence that may suggest he was not alone in carrying out the murders and that a second weapon was used.

The DeFeo's Amityville home was soon sold to the Lutz family who made claims that it was haunted, which resulted in the Amityville Horror book and movies.

-----

October 14, 1925 – On this day, after much planning, the innermost of Tutankhamun's (also Tutenkhamen and Tutenkhamon) sarcophagi is opened to reveal the mummified remains of the boy Pharaoh. It had been well over a year since the Pharaoh's tomb had been discovered – a significant find as it was completely intact.

The tomb was discovered some 3300 years after it was sealed following 'King Tut's' death, when British Archaeologists led by Howard Carter discovered a step leading to the chamber below. It contained hundreds of objects made from gold and other precious resources and provided an as until then unheard of detail in burial rites of the Egyptian kings.

But to many this find seems to have come with a catch, a curse, with a number of those taking part in the find coming to an early death.

-----

October 15, 1917 – "Slowly, inertly, she settled to her knees, her head up always, and without the slightest change of expression on her face. For the fraction of a second it seemed she tottered there, on her knees, gazing directly at those who had taken her life. Then she fell backward, bending at the waist, with her legs doubled up beneath her". So goes the eyewitness account of Henry Wales at the execution of Mata Hari.

Mata Hari, born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle MacLeod, was arrested in her room at the Hotel Elysee Palace in Paris, on charges of espionage – providing information to the enemy, the Germans, during World War 1. She was soon put on trial for causing the deaths of at least 50,000 soldiers, and subsequently found guilty, although there was no definite evidence produced against her.

However 'secret ink' was discovered in her room which was looked as being incriminating, though Hari said it was part of her makeup – she was in fact a very well known exotic dancer and courtesan of high ranking military officials... on both sides of the conflict. Her defence really was non-existent, her lawyer prevented from conducting cross examinations of the prosecutions witnesses nor was he able to question his own witnesses.

The trial was already a foregone conclusion before it had even started. Mata Hari was condemned to death by firing squad.

She sent off appeals but only found they had been denied when she was awoken in her cell by officials and led to a car that took her to the place of execution – an old fort. She refused the blindfold that was offered to her, she said she would not cry. She was not bound to the pole, she met her fate standing. She did not flinch as the orders to ready arms were given to the squad, and when the rifles were fired, she toppled calmly to the ground rather than violently fall.

Although she was dead, a bullet having found her heart, a revolver was emptied into the side of her head as required.

Mata Hari's body was not claimed and was used as a subject for medical study. Her head was removed and embalmed, kept in the museum of anatomy in Paris. However it was discovered in the year 2000 that it was missing, likely that it is held in some private collection somewhere.

-----

Until next week...


Ashley Hall 2013

Photos: Ronald DeFeo Jr.
Inset left: Howard Carter examining the sarcophagus.
Inset right: Mata Hari.

For more information on all things paranormal, strange, dark and macabre visit The Paranormal Guide:

Google+
Page: www.google.com/+Theparanormalguideash
Community: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/105106653632592863364/communities/103848114229092730416
Facebook: www.facebook.com/theparanormalguide
Website: www.theparanormalguide.com

#theparanormalguide #ashleyhall #matahari #ronalddefeojr #tutankhamun  
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3 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/105106653632592863364 The Paranormal Guide : Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari This Week in Dark/Strange History Three unrelated stories of ...
Amityville, Tutankhamun and Mata Hari
This Week in Dark/Strange History

Three unrelated stories of a strange, unusual or dark nature.

---

October 14, 1975 – Ronald DeFeo Jr. goes on trial for the murders of Ronald Defeo sr., his wife Dawn and their four children Dawn, Allison, Marc and John. On the evening of November 13 the previous year, Ronald entered a local bar and told of his parents being shot and killed in their home. On arrival, the full shocking scene was discovered – the entire family was shot dead in their beds.

At first Ronald Jr said he believed the murders to be a hit by the mob, but he was soon confessing that he was in fact the perpetrator.

Many aspects of the case were confusing – the family appeared to have been shot dead in their beds, most of them while asleep, and without a struggle. No one heard the gunshots even though the murder weapon did not use a silencer. At one point DeFeo also claimed he was possessed and that the devil made him do it.

His attorney argued for an insanity defence, but this was denied, and Ronald DeFeo Jr was sentenced to six consecutive life sentences of 25 years to life. He is still in jail to this day.

Recent investigations (both amateur and 'professional') have dug up evidence that may suggest he was not alone in carrying out the murders and that a second weapon was used.

The DeFeo's Amityville home was soon sold to the Lutz family who made claims that it was haunted, which resulted in the Amityville Horror book and movies.

---

October 14, 1925 – On this day, after much planning, the innermost of Tutankhamun's (also Tutenkhamen and Tutenkhamon) sarcophagi is opened to reveal the mummified remains of the boy Pharaoh. It had been well over a year since the Pharaoh's tomb had been discovered – a significant find as it was completely intact.

The tomb was discovered some 3300 years after it was sealed following 'King Tut's' death, when British Archaeologists led by Howard Carter discovered a step leading to the chamber below. It contained hundreds of objects made from gold and other precious resources and provided an as until then unheard of detail in burial rites of the Egyptian kings.

But to many this find seems to have come with a catch, a curse, with a number of those taking part in the find coming to an early death.

---

October 15, 1917 – "Slowly, inertly, she settled to her knees, her head up always, and without the slightest change of expression on her face. For the fraction of a second it seemed she tottered there, on her knees, gazing directly at those who had taken her life. Then she fell backward, bending at the waist, with her legs doubled up beneath her". So goes the eyewitness account of Henry Wales at the execution of Mata Hari.

Mata Hari, born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle MacLeod, was arrested in her room at the Hotel Elysee Palace in Paris, on charges of espionage – providing information to the enemy, the Germans, during World War 1. She was soon put on trial for causing the deaths of at least 50,000 soldiers, and subsequently found guilty, although there was no definite evidence produced against her.

However 'secret ink' was discovered in her room which was looked as being incriminating, though Hari said it was part of her makeup – she was in fact a very well known exotic dancer and courtesan of high ranking military officials... on both sides of the conflict. Her defence really was non-existent, her lawyer prevented from conducting cross examinations of the prosecutions witnesses nor was he able to question his own witnesses.

The trial was already a foregone conclusion before it had even started. Mata Hari was condemned to death by firing squad.

She sent off appeals but only found they had been denied when she was awoken in her cell by officials and led to a car that took her to the place of execution – an old fort. She refused the blindfold that was offered to her, she said she would not cry. She was not bound to the pole, she met her fate standing. She did not flinch as the orders to ready arms were given to the squad, and when the rifles were fired, she toppled calmly to the ground rather than violently fall.

Although she was dead, a bullet having found her heart, a revolver was emptied into the side of her head as required.

Mata Hari's body was not claimed and was used as a subject for medical study. Her head was removed and embalmed, kept in the museum of anatomy in Paris. However it was discovered in the year 2000 that it was missing, likely that it is held in some private collection somewhere.

---

Until next week...


Ashley Hall 2013

Photos: Ronald DeFeo Jr.
Inset left: Howard Carter examining the sarcophagus.
Inset right: Mata Hari.

For more information on all things paranormal, strange, dark and macabre visit The Paranormal Guide:

Google+
Page: www.google.com/+Theparanormalguideash
Community: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/105106653632592863364/communities/103848114229092730416
Facebook: www.facebook.com/theparanormalguide
Website: www.theparanormalguide.com

#theparanormalguide #ashleyhall #matahari #ronalddefeojr #tutankhamun  
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https://plus.google.com/108779172384186957735 CRffMiller : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-g6ucbKzkFB4/VDWRD4zQC1I/AAAAAAAAYhA/-cIBKYIO2K0/w506-h750/8f85dbb70a604fd7fb386395f0063e8e.jpg
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https://plus.google.com/109361992035512202558 Hihumi. Ohta : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-g6ucbKzkFB4/VDWRD4zQC1I/AAAAAAAAYhA/-cIBKYIO2K0/w506-h750/8f85dbb70a604fd7fb386395f0063e8e.jpg
4 days ago - Via Reshared Post - View -
https://plus.google.com/108187878741883467625 API jmes : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
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https://plus.google.com/106602821740700293121 Krista MacDonald : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
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https://plus.google.com/109463143438311568617 Darlene Noyce : 1920s The discovery of the KV62 the tomb of King Tutankamun ...Howard Carter opens the shrine of Tut
1920s The discovery of the KV62 the tomb of King Tutankamun ...Howard Carter opens the shrine of Tut 
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https://plus.google.com/109463143438311568617 Darlene Noyce : The Griffith Institute ..Tutankamun Anatomy of a Excavation ..The Howard Carter Archives, Photographs...
The Griffith Institute ..Tutankamun Anatomy of a Excavation ..The Howard Carter Archives, Photographs by Harry Burton .
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https://plus.google.com/112569956203172639283 Walid Ata : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.

Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh. 

Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
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https://plus.google.com/109697121571025582434 Adrien Pilot : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.
Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh.
 
Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
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https://plus.google.com/104599500926515331060 احمد عماد : Tutankhamun. The Boy King. Tutankhamun ( alternately spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon) was an Egyptian...
Tutankhamun. The Boy King.

Tutankhamun ( alternately spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled ca. 1332 BC – 1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. He is popularly referred to as King Tut. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun". In hieroglyphs, the name Tutankhamun was typically written Amen-tut-ankh, because of a scribal custom that placed a divine name at the beginning of a phrase to show appropriate reverence. He is possibly also the Nibhurrereya of the Amarna letters, and likely the 18th dynasty king Rathotis who, according to Manetho, an ancient historian, had reigned for nine years—a figure that conforms with Flavius Josephus's version of Manetho's Epitome.

The 1922 discovery by Howard Carter and George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon of Tutankhamun's nearly intact tomb received worldwide press coverage. It sparked a renewed public interest in ancient Egypt, for which Tutankhamun's burial mask, now in Cairo Museum, remains the popular symbol. Exhibits of artifacts from his tomb have toured the world. In February 2010, the results of DNA tests confirmed that he was the son of Akhenaten (mummy KV55) and Akhenaten's sister and wife (mummy KV35YL), whose name is unknown but whose remains are positively identified as "The Younger Lady" mummy found in KV35.

Life:
Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten (formerly Amenhotep IV) and one of Akhenaten's sisters, or perhaps one of his cousins. As a prince he was known as Tutankhaten. He ascended to the throne in 1333 BC, at the age of nine or ten, taking the throne name Nebkheperure. His wet-nurse was a woman called Maia, known from her tomb at Saqqara. A teacher was most likely Sennedjem.
When he became king, he married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten, who later changed her name to Ankhesenamun. They had two daughters, both stillborn. Computed tomography studies released in 2011 revealed that one daughter died at 5–6 months of pregnancy and the other at 9 months of pregnancy. No evidence was found in either mummy of congenital anomalies or an apparent cause of death.

Reign

Cartouches of his birth and throne names are displayed between rampant Sekhmet lioness warrior images (perhaps with his head) crushing enemies of several ethnicities, while Nekhbet flies protectively above.
Given his age, the king probably had very powerful advisers, presumably including General Horemheb and the Vizier Ay. Horemheb records that the king appointed him "lord of the land" as hereditary prince to maintain law. He also noted his ability to calm the young king when his temper flared.

In his third regnal year, Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during his father's reign. He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges were restored to its priesthood. The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city of Akhetaten abandoned. This is when he changed his name to Tutankhamun, "Living image of Amun", reinforcing the restoration of Amun.

As part of his restoration, the king initiated building projects, in particular at Thebes and Karnak, where he dedicated a temple to Amun. Many monuments were erected, and an inscription on his tomb door declares the king had "spent his life in fashioning the images of the gods". The traditional festivals were now celebrated again, including those related to the Apis Bull, Horemakhet, and Opet. His restoration stela says:

The temples of the gods and goddesses ... were in ruins. Their shrines were deserted and overgrown. Their sanctuaries were as non-existent and their courts were used as roads ... the gods turned their backs upon this land ... If anyone made a prayer to a god for advice he would never respond.

The country was economically weak and in turmoil following the reign of Akhenaten. Diplomatic relations with other kingdoms had been neglected, and Tutankhamun sought to restore them, in particular with the Mitanni. Evidence of his success is suggested by the gifts from various countries found in his tomb. Despite his efforts for improved relations, battles with Nubians and Asiatics were recorded in his mortuary temple at Thebes. His tomb contained body armor and folding stools appropriate for military campaigns. However, given his youth and physical disabilities, which seemed to require the use of a cane in order to walk (he died c. age 19), historians speculate that he did not personally take part in these battles.

Health and appearance:


Stripped of all its jewels, the mummy of Tutankhamun remains in the Valley of the Kings in his KV62 chamber.
Tutankhamun was slight of build, and was roughly 180 cm (5 ft 11 in) tall. He had large front incisors and the overbite characteristic of the Thutmosid royal line to which he belonged. Between September 2007 and October 2009, various mummies were subjected to detailed anthropological, radiological, and genetic studies as part of the King Tutankhamun Family Project. It was determined that none of the mummies of the Tutankhamun lineage has a cephalic index of 75 or less (indicating dolichocephaly), that Tutankhamun actually has a cephalic index of 83.9, indicating brachycephaly, and that none of their skull shapes can be considered pathological. The research also showed that Tutankhamun had "a slightly cleft palate" and possibly a mild case of scoliosis, a medical condition in which the spine is curved from side to side.

Genealogy:
In 2008, a team began DNA research on Tutankhamun and the mummified remains of other members of his family. The results from the DNA samples finally put to rest questions about Tutankhamun's lineage, proving that his father was Akhenaten, but that his mother was not one of Akhenaten's known wives. His mother was one of his father's five sisters, although it is not known which one. The team was able to establish with a probability of better than 99.99 percent that Amenhotep III was the father of the individual in KV55, who was in turn the father of Tutankhamun. The young king's mother was found through the DNA testing of a mummy designated as 'The Younger Lady' (KV35YL), which was found lying beside Queen Tiye in the alcove of KV35. Her DNA proved that, like his father, she was a child of Amenhotep III and Tiye; thus, Tutankhamun's parents were brother and sister. Queen Tiye held much political influence at court and acted as an adviser to her son after the death of her husband. Some geneticists dispute these findings, however, and "complain that the team used inappropriate analysis techniques."

Bust of Tutankhamun found in his tomb, 1922.
While the data are still incomplete, the study suggests that one of the mummified fetuses found in Tutankhamun's tomb is the daughter of Tutankhamun himself, and the other fetus is probably his child as well. So far, only partial data for the two female mummies from KV21 has been obtained. One of them, KV21A, may well be the infants' mother, and, thus, Tutankhamun's wife, Ankhesenamun. It is known from history that she was the daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti, and thus likely to be her husband's half-sister. Another consequence of inbreeding can be children whose genetic defects do not allow them to be brought to term.

Wooden bust of the boy king, found in his tomb.
Death:
There are no surviving records of Tutankhamun's final days. What caused Tutankhamun's death has been the subject of considerable debate. Major studies have been conducted in an effort to establish the cause of death.

Although there is some speculation that Tutankhamun was assassinated, the consensus is that his death was accidental. A CT scan taken in 2005 shows that he had suffered a left leg fracture shortly before his death, and that the leg had become infected. DNA analysis conducted in 2010 showed the presence of malaria in his system, leading to the belief that malaria and Köhler disease II combined led to his death. On 14 September 2012, ABC News presented a theory about Tutankhamun's death from lecturer and surgeon Dr. Hutan Ashrafian, who believed that temporal lobe epilepsy caused the fatal fall which broke Tutankhamun's leg.
In June 2010, German scientists said they believed there was evidence that he died of sickle cell disease. However, other experts have rejected the hypothesis of homozygous sickle cell disease based on logics based on survival beyond 5-year age and the location of the osteonecrosis which is characteristic of Freiberg-Kohler syndrome rather than sickle-cell disease. Research conducted in 2005 by archaeologists, radiologists, and geneticists who started performing CT scans on his mummy found that he was not killed by a blow to the head, as previously thought. New CT images discovered congenital flaws, which are more common among the children of incest. Siblings are more likely to pass on twin copies of harmful genes, which is why children of incest more commonly manifest genetic defects.[22] It is suspected he also had a partially cleft palate, another congenital defect.[32]
Various diseases invoked as possible explanations to his early demise included Marfan syndrome, Wilson-Turner X-linked mental retardation syndrome, Fröhlich syndrome (adiposogenital dystrophy), Klinefelter syndrome, androgen insensitivity syndrome, aromatase excess syndrome in conjunction with sagittal craniosynostosis syndrome, Antley–Bixler syndrome or one of its variants, and temporal lobe epilepsy.

The research team consisted of Egyptian scientists Yehia Gad and Somaia Ismail from the National Research Centre in Cairo. The CT scans were conducted under the direction of Ashraf Selim and Sahar Saleem of the Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University. Three international experts served as consultants: Carsten Pusch of the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Germany; Albert Zink of the EURAC-Institute for Mummies and the Iceman in Bolzano, Italy; and Paul Gostner of the Central Hospital Bolzano. STR analysis based DNA fingerprinting analysis combined with the other techniques have rejected the hypothesis of gynecomastia and craniosynostoses (e.g., Antley-Bixler syndrome) or Marfan syndrome, but an accumulation of malformations in Tutankhamun's family was evident. Several pathologies including Köhler disease II were diagnosed in Tutankhamun; none alone would have caused death. Genetic testing for STEVOR, AMA1, or MSP1 genes specific for Plasmodium falciparum revealed indications of malaria tropica in 4 mummies, including Tutankhamun's. However their exact contribution to the causality of his death still is highly debated.

As stated above, the team discovered DNA from several strains of a parasite proving he was infected with the most severe strain of malaria several times in his short life. Malaria can trigger circulatory shock or cause a fatal immune response in the body, either of which can lead to death. If Tutankhamun did suffer from a bone disease which was crippling, it may not have been fatal. "Perhaps he struggled against other [congenital flaws] until a severe bout of malaria or a leg broken in an accident added one strain too many to a body that could no longer carry the load," wrote Zahi Hawass, archeologist and head of Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquity involved in the research.

A review of the medical findings to date found that he suffered from mild kyphoscoliosis, pes planus, hypophalangism of the right foot, bone necrosis of second and third metatarsal bones of the left foot, malaria, and a complex fracture of the right knee shortly before death.

Finally in late 2013, Egyptologist Dr. Chris Naunton and scientists from the Cranfield Institute performed a "virtual autopsy" of the boy king, revealing a pattern of injuries down one side of his body. Car-crash investigators then created computer simulations of chariot accidents. Dr. Naunton concluded Tutankhamun was killed in a chariot crash: a chariot smashed into him while he was on his knees, shattering his ribs and pelvis. Dr. Naunton also referenced Howard Carter's records of the body having been burnt. Working with anthropologist Dr. Robert Connolly and forensic archaeologist Dr. Matthew Ponting, Naunton produced evidence that Tutankhamun's body was burnt while sealed inside his coffin. Embalming oils combined with oxygen and linen had caused a chemical reaction, creating temperatures of more than 200 °C. Dr. Naunton said, "The charring and possibility that a botched mummification led to the body spontaneously combusting shortly after burial was entirely unexpected."

Aftermath.
Statue of Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun at Luxor, hacked at during the damnatio memoriae campaign against the Amarna line of Thutmoside pharaohs.
With the death of Tutankhamun and the two stillborn children buried with him, the Thutmosid family line came to an end. The Amarna letters indicate that Tutankhamun's wife, recently widowed, wrote to the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I, asking if she could marry one of his sons. The letters do not say how Tutankhamun died. In the message, Ankhesenamun says that she was very afraid, but would not take one of her own people as husband. However, the son was killed before reaching his new wife. Shortly afterward, Ay married Tutankhamun's widow and became Pharaoh as a war was fought between the two countries, and Egypt was left defeated. The fate of Ankhesenamun is not known, but she disappears from record and Ay's second wife Tey became Great Royal Wife. After Ay's death, Horemheb usurped the throne and instigated a campaign of damnatio memoriae against him. Tutankhamun's father Akhenaten, stepmother Nefertiti, his wife Ankhesenamun, half sisters and other family members were also included. Not even Tutankhamun was spared. His images and cartouches were also erased. Horemheb himself, despite a possible marriage to Nefertiti's sister, Mutnedjmet, was left childless and willed the throne to Paramessu, who founded the Ramesside family line of pharaohs.

Tutankhamun was nine years old when he became Pharaoh, son of god Ra, and reigned for approximately ten years. "The Egyptian sun god Ra, considered the father of all pharaohs, was said to have created himself from a pyramid-shaped mound of earth before creating all other gods." (Donald B. Redford, PhD, Penn State)
In historical terms, Tutankhamun's significance stems from the fact that his reign was close to the apogee of Egypt as a world power and from his rejection of the radical religious innovations introduced by his predecessor and father, Akhenaten. Secondly, his tomb in the Valley of the Kings was discovered by Carter almost completely intact—the most complete ancient Egyptian royal tomb ever found. As Tutankhamun began his reign at such an early age, his vizier, and eventual successor Ay, was probably making most of the important political decisions during Tutankhamun's reign.

Kings were venerated after their deaths through mortuary cults and associated temples. Tutankhamun was one of the few kings worshiped in this manner during his lifetime. A stela discovered at Karnak and dedicated to Amun-Ra and Tutankhamun indicates that the king could be appealed to in his deified state for forgiveness and to free the petitioner from an ailment caused by sin. Temples of his cult were built as far away as in Kawa and Faras in Nubia. The title of the sister of the Viceroy of Kush included a reference to the deified king, indicative of the universality of his cult.

Tomb.
Howard Carter and associates opening the shrine doors in the burial chamber (1924 reconstruction of the 1923 event)

Tutankhamun's chest now in the Cairo Museum.
Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was small relative to his status. His death may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb, so that his mummy was buried in a tomb intended for someone else. This would preserve the observance of the customary seventy days between death and burial.

King Tutankhamun's mummy still rests in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. On 4 November 2007, 85 years to the day after Carter's discovery, the 19-year-old pharaoh went on display in his underground tomb at Luxor, when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass box. The case was designed to prevent the heightened rate of decomposition caused by the humidity and warmth from tourists visiting the tomb.

Tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings.
His tomb was robbed at least twice in antiquity, but based on the items taken (including perishable oils and perfumes) and the evidence of restoration of the tomb after the intrusions, it seems clear that these robberies took place within several months at most of the initial burial. Eventually the location of the tomb was lost because it had come to be buried by stone chips from subsequent tombs, either dumped there or washed there by floods. In the years that followed, some huts for workers were built over the tomb entrance, clearly not knowing what lay beneath. When at the end of the 20th Dynasty the Valley of the Kings burials were systematically dismantled, the burial of Tutankhamun was overlooked, presumably because knowledge of it had been lost and his name may have been forgotten.

For many years, rumors of a "Curse of the Pharaohs" (probably fueled by newspapers seeking sales at the time of the discovery) persisted, emphasizing the early death of some of those who had entered the tomb. However, a recent study of journals and death records indicated no statistical difference between the age of death of those who entered the tomb and those on the expedition who did not.
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https://plus.google.com/114645899601328688123 Anita Fuliga : Highclere Castle England History of Highclere Castle Early years An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the...
Highclere Castle England

History of Highclere Castle
Early years

An Iron Age Hill Fort dominates the landscapes at Highclere and an early Anglo-Saxon charter suggests people have lived here for some 1300 years. A few maps and outlines remain from that time but records are better kept from Georgian times.


Georgian and Victorian Times

Major rebuilding works were carried out in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Carnarvon family and the old brick and freestone house was converted to a classical Georgian mansion within a pastoral setting. The major transformation, however, was just about to happen.
In 1838, the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon brought in Sir Charles Barry to transform his home into a grand mansion which would impress the world.
It was a time of energy and change. The young Queen Victoria had just come to the throne, and the whole decade witnessed innovation in politics and cultural life.
The new “Highclere Castle” dominated its surroundings in a most dramatic way. No wonder Benjamin Disraeli's first words on seeing Highclere were "How scenical! How scenical!".
The structural work on the interior of the Castle was finally completed in 1878. Once built, the Castle became a centre of political life during the late Victorian era.

The 20th Century

In many ways Highclere Castle epitomised the confidence and glamour of the Edwardian period in the first few years of the twentieth century. Visitor books record the house parties full of politicians, technological innovators, Egyptologists, aviators and soldiers.
During the First World War, Almina, the 5th Countess of Carnarvon, transformed the Castle into a hospital, and patients began to arrive from Flanders in September 1914. She became an adept nurse and a skilled healer and hundreds of letters from patients and their families bear testament to her untiring work and spirit of generosity. 
The Castle returned to a private home and in 1922 the 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, the first global world media event.
Following the death of the 5th Earl, his son, who then became the 6th Earl, returned to Highclere where he lived until 1986. During the Second World War, the Castle briefly became a home for evacuee children from north London.
The current (8th) Earl and Countess of Carnarvon live partly in the Castle and partly nearby but remain closely involved in the Castle's day to day life and future.
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-g6ucbKzkFB4/VDWRD4zQC1I/AAAAAAAAYhA/-cIBKYIO2K0/w506-h750/8f85dbb70a604fd7fb386395f0063e8e.jpg
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https://plus.google.com/117059966474022660704 mariana barros : Done Too Soon #3 In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings...
Done Too Soon #3

In November 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter, while digging in the Valley of Kings, uncovered one of the most unusual ancient Egyptian tombs - an intact tomb. Most of the tombs of ancient Egypt had been ransacked for the gold and other treasures. Even the mummies themselves were often missing having been ground up for the perceived magical powers that the powder of a mummy. This tomb was that of a little known pharaoh named Tutankhamun - King Tut.

Little is actually known about Tut, certainly nothing on the order of other famous pharaohs. Much of what is known is controversial. There is speculation, rumors and even curses surrounding the boy king. In ancient times, history was not recorded as it is today; it was history, philosophy and propaganda. 

Biblical historians have dated the story of Moses and the Exodus to have occurred sometime between 1800 B.C.E and 1400 B.C.E. Sometime between 1400 and 1350 B.C.E, Pharaoh Amenhotep IV declared the polytheistic Egyptian to be banned. Under his rule, a monotheistic religion was introduced with Aten (the sun god) as the sole acceptable god of Egypt. Amenhotep IV ordered the mention of other gods to be removed and he changed his name to Akhenaten. This change from polytheism to monotheism had a radical effect on Egypt altering the power structure as well as the economy. Whether the Exodus episode had been the impetus for this change or whether it was simply coincidence is not known.

Akhenaten was the father of Tutankhaten (Living image of Aten) who was born circa 1341 B.C.E. When Tutankhaten was 9 years old (1332 B.C.E.) his father died and he became pharaoh (king). At the same time as he ascended the throne, he married his half sister. Being so young, Tutankhaten had two significant advisors Ay and Horemheb. Tutankhaten immediately changed his name to Tutankhamun (Living image of Amun) and returned the traditional, polytheistic religion of Egypt with Amun as the chief god. In addition to his attempt to restore the ‘old ways’, Tutankhamun attempted to diplomatically improve relations with neighboring countries. 

In 1323 B.C.E. Tutankhamun died; he was 18 years old. The death was certainly unexpected as there was no tomb prepared for his mummy and he was buried in a nobleman’s tomb in the Valley of Kings.

When Carter discovered the tomb the news went around the world. This was the first intact tomb of any Egyptian pharaoh ever uncovered. The tomb proved to be a treasure of information for Egyptologists. Based on some of the artifacts discovered, Tutankhamun enjoyed board games and probably limped as there were several canes found in the tomb. For all of the information the tomb provided it raised certain questions, in particular, was King Tut murdered?

When examining the skull of the intact mummy, they discovered a crack at the base of the skull. There were two prominent theories as to who had killed the young king. The first was Ay, one of his chief advisers. It is assumed that as Tutankhamun grew older he began making more of his own decisions, holding greater power at the expense of his advisers. What gave credence to this theory is that Ay married Tut’s widow and succeeded Tut to the throne. 

The second theory involves the same reasoning but applies to Horemheb the king’s deputy. Horemheb succeeded Ay as pharaoh. 

Egyptologists conducted forensic tests and have concluded that Tut was not murdered. They found that the crack in the skull occurred postmortem. They discovered that Tut had suffered significant damage to the left side of his body including shattered ribs, fractured leg and broken pelvis. Computer simulations suggest that he was probably run over by a chariot. The damage to the rib cage may have been sufficient to crush his heart.
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